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The Dr. Carmen A. Puliafito Collection of Independent Mails continued...

Hoyts Letter Express thru J.W. Lawrence
Lot Sym. Lot Description  
202   ImageHoyt's Letter Express, Rochester N.Y., (5c) Black on Vermilion Glazed, "Lettcr" (85L1a/85L1). Vertical pair, top stamp has the "Lettcr" typographic error -- the result of an actual "c" used instead of "e", rather than a broken or malformed letter -- sheet margin at bottom, large at sides and just touched at top, tied by pen stroke, used with Pomeroy's Letter Express, 5c Blue on Thin Bond (117L3), vertical pair, full to large margins, tied by crossed pen strokes on front only to New York City, red "Boyd's City Express Post Aug. 8 6 O'C" rectangular framed datestamp and matching "Paid/J.T.B." handstamp, 66 South Street address added for delivery, the back of the address panel has writing that mentions using "two stamps" and "stamps of the Express", indicating that the sender was giving the recipient instructions for using Pomeroy's Letter Express, crease thru Pomeroy pair and top stamp of Hoyt's pair, stains at right have been professionally removed, some minor faults


The Hoyt's Letter Express stamp is known as the only "Canal Boat Stamp," because it was used on mail carried by boats along the Genesee Valley Canal. David Hoyt, a bookseller in Rochester, was an agent of Pomeroy & Co. before and after he operated his short-lived letter express in July, August and early September 1844. Hoyt's Letter Express was not connected to the railroad, but instead utilized Genesee Valley Canal boats to bring mail between Rochester and Danville, New York. As advertised in the Rochester Advertiser (Jul. 27-Aug. 31, 1844), Hoyt's Letter Express made intermediate stops at Mt. Morris, Cuylerville, Geneseo, Spenser's Basin, Piffordina, Avon and Scottsville. Hoyt connected with Pomeroy's Letter Express and through Pomeroy's with Boyd's for local New York City delivery.

According to the census by David Snow in the Independent Mails book, only nine Hoyt's Letter Express stamps are known, including four singles on covers, the pair on cover front offered here, an uncancelled stamp and two stamps on pieces. Four of the single stamps (including the other known "Lettcr" error) are used on covers in conjunction with Pomeroy's Letter Express Blue stamp: Aug. 5 (Geneseo to Geneva, ex Middendorf), Aug. 10 (Scottsville to NYC, ex Boker), Aug. 23 ("Lettcr" error, Cuylerville to Albany, Perry files), and Sep. 5 (Scottsville to NYC, Tapling Collection, not available to collectors). The unique pair offered here, in which one stamp has the "Lettcr" error, is used on a cover-front in combination with a Pomeroy's pair and Boyd's datestamp. The uncancelled single was offered in the Caspary sale, as was the piece sold by our firm (Siegel Sale 817, lot 1189). Another single on piece is shown in a photo from the Costales files.

Illustrated in Independent Mails book. With 1981 P.F. certificate issued to Robson Lowe (shows the item before stain was removed) (Image)

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E. $ 15,000-20,000

SOLD for $10,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
203 c ImageJerome & Co's/Express/No. 8 Court St.,/Boston. Four lines in wavy-line frame handstamp struck in red on Dec. 31, 1844 folded letter from Newport R.I. to Newburyport, manuscript notations "25$", "Take Recpt" and "25c" rate for money enclosure, Very Fine, accompanied by a second folded letter from Charlestown Mass. to Bangor Me., Dec. 24, 1844, with same red handstamp and matching Collect handstamp, sender's notation "Jeromes Express with a package Dec. 27", slightly toned, otherwise Fine, both ex Schwartz (Image)

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E. $ 150-200

SOLD for $250.00
Will close during Public Auction
204 c ImageKennebec Express, Office, No. 8 Court Street, Boston. Well-struck red double-line oval handstamp on Aug. 20, 1844 folded letter to Augusta Me., Extremely Fine, very rare and extremely early example of this express, which operated between Boston and places located in the valley of the Kennebec River, Sammis records seven examples (one in black, others in red), this is the earliest of the strikes in red (Independent Mails book), Sloane note on back, ex Hall (Image)

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E. $ 500-750

SOLD for $400.00
Will close during Public Auction
205 c ImageJ. W. Lawrence's/Letter Offices/8 Court St. Boston/1 John St. Lowell. Four lines in red rectangular wavy-line frame handstamp on Oct. 24, 1844 folded letter addressed in blue from Lowell to Boston, file fold, typically lightly inked but mostly readable strike of the rare Lawrence marking, Very Fine, J. W. Lawrence's Letter Office was an Independent Mail line that operated in conjunction with Wyman and American Letter Mail Co., in this case Lawrence carried the letter solo between Boston and Lowell, he charged higher rates than Hale, which probably explains the rarity of the covers (only four recorded by Gutman in Independent Mails book, ex Schwartz (Image)

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E. $ 300-400

SOLD for $300.00
Will close during Public Auction

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