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WESTERN EXPANSION continued...

WESTERN EXPRESS continued...
Lot Symbol CatNo. Lot Description CV or Estimate
661 c   Wells, Fargo & Co., Paid, woodblock printed frank on 3c Red on buff entire (U10) to Sacramento, with bold blue Wells, Fargo & Co.ExpressSan Francisco handstamp, very
fine.Wells, Fargo & Co., Paid, woodblock printed frank on 3c Red on buff entire (#U10) to Sacramento, with bold blue "Wells, Fargo & Co./Express/San Francisco" handstamp, very fine. (Image) Est. $300-400

SOLD for $450.00
Will close during Public Auction
662 c   Overland Mail, manuscript directive on gorgeous all over buff on yellow Wells, Fargo & Co., Express & Exchange advertising cover showing their San Francisco offices to New York
City with well centered 10c Green, Ty. V (35) tied by San FranciscoOverland Mail, manuscript directive on gorgeous all over buff on yellow Wells, Fargo & Co., Express & Exchange advertising cover showing their San Francisco offices to New York City with well centered 10c Green, Ty. V (#35) tied by "San Francisco, Cal./Feb 13, 1860" datestamp, with original Wells, Fargo & Co. letterhead enclosure, extremely fine and choice; an eye-catching cover showing Wells, Fargo & Co. riding the Butterfield Overland Mail. (Image) Est. $3,000-4,000

SOLD for $12,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
663 c   [Wells Fargo & Co. from British Columbia] Wells, Fargo & Co., Paid printed frank on 10c Yellow green on buff entire (U41) to London, England uprated with United States 2c Black
(93, stained), blue oval Wells, Fargo & Co.VictoriaFeb 1 backst[Wells Fargo & Co. from British Columbia] Wells, Fargo & Co., Paid printed frank on 10c Yellow green on buff entire (#U41) to London, England uprated with United States 2c Black (#93, stained), blue oval "Wells, Fargo & Co./Victoria/Feb 1" backstamp, British Columbia 1869 5c on 3d Bright red (#9) tied by blue "35" in barred oval of Victoria and endorsed "Via Puget Sound", carried by Wells, Fargo & Co. to San Francisco and then to New York, where it entered the mails with red "New York/Feb 19" datestamp, arrived in London red "London/Paid/2 Mr 70" postmark and re-addressed within the city, very fine.Wells, Fargo & Co. would send a quantity of their franked covers to the Victoria Post Office to be stamped and cancelled with the Colonial Postage rate of 5c, for which they were charged. They would then add the United States stamps, if for transmission to or via the U.S., as needed. The 24c rate to England from the U.S. was changed to 12c in January 1868, and then to 6c in January, 1870. Apparently the sender had purchased several of these pre-stamped envelopes from Wells, Fargo in 1869 because there are two other identical covers from the same correspondence, except for the added 10c stamp, which was not necessary and did not originate on this cover. (Image) Est. $2,000-3,000

SOLD for $3,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
664 c   G.H. Wines & Co.s Express, California, Paid, spectacular eagle and shield design printed frank on 3c Red on buff entire (U10) to San Francisco, turned over to Rhodes & Whitney
with blue oval Rhodes & WhitneysExpressWeaverville handstamp, wG.H. Wines & Co.'s Express, California, Paid, spectacular eagle and shield design printed frank on 3c Red on buff entire (#U10) to San Francisco, turned over to Rhodes & Whitney with blue oval "Rhodes & Whitney's/Express/Weaverville" handstamp, who then turned it over to Pacific Express with their light red oval "Pacific Express Co/Shasta/Jul 22" datestamp, cover with opening tear on back ending in a tear on front at bottom left corner, otherwise a very fine and striking three company conjunctive use. (Image) Est. $3,000-4,000

SOLD for $4,250.00
Will close during Public Auction
665 c   Wines & Co.s Express, handstamp on backflap of cover to New York probably originating in Nicaragua with 3c Dull red (11, pre-usage adhesion on face), ample to huge margins all
around, large double oval Nicaragua postmark applied by Wines anWines & Co.'s Express, handstamp on backflap of cover to New York probably originating in Nicaragua with 3c Dull red (#11, pre-usage adhesion on face), ample to huge margins all around, large double oval Nicaragua postmark applied by Wines and then forwarded by American steamship to New Orleans, entered the mails with "New Orleans, La./Aug 12" datestamp and "Steamship" in circle tying the stamp, at new Orleans it was rated steamship mail at the contract rate of 10c so a pencil "due 7" was applied after giving credit for the 3c stamp, very fine and rare usage.This express company operated in California and Oregon during the gold rush from 1855-57. They also ran their service between the Atlantic and Pacific via Nicaragua. Wines actually held a monopoly, handling all the letters and packages in Nicaragua, with agents in the more important towns. In 1856 J.A. Ruggles, one of their agents, was appointed Postmaster General of Nicaragua. This was during the time that William Walker of Tennessee, with 58 men, had seized control of the country by overthrowing the government and making himself president. (Image) Est. $2,000-3,000

SOLD for $11,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
666 c   Western express balance, sixteen covers and a newspaper, mostly with express company handstamps and/or printed franks, including Adams & Co. Mormon Island, Browns Express, Cherokee Express tying 3 cent #65 to allover flag patriotic, two different Everts, Snell & Co., two different Freeman & Co., two different Pacific Express, Wells, Fargo Fort Yuma and Wells, Fargo Colomo with pair 3c Dull red (#11), also poor strike of rare Bannack City Express with letter datelined at "Bevins Gulch Oct. 1st, 1863," the newspaper is a Sept. 10th, 1853 edition of the Mountain Herald with Gram, Rogers & Co. Express handstamp, a few usual faults but largely fine-very fine; a very useful lot with several appealing usages. Est. $3,000-4,000

SOLD for $4,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
SNOWSHOE EXPRESS
Lot Symbol CatNo. Lot Description CV or Estimate
667 c   Thompsons Carson Valley Express, bold red ornamented handstamp on 3c Red on buff entire (U10) carried over the Sierra Nevada to Auburn, California with Wells, Fargo & Co.
printed frank, entered the mails with clear Carson Valley, U.T.Oct 9 dThompson's Carson Valley Express, bold red ornamented handstamp on 3c Red on buff entire (#U10) carried over the Sierra Nevada to Auburn, California with Wells, Fargo & Co. printed frank, entered the mails with clear "Carson Valley, U.T./Oct 9" datestamp, cover reduced at right and with original indicia cut out and replaced, fine appearance; one of only two known examples of the "Snowshoe" Thompson's handstamp and the only one with a Wells, Fargo & Co. frank, the other example is in black and dated in 1858; 1978 PF certificate.Thompson's Carson Valley Express was established by John A. "Snowshoe" Thompson in 1857-58 and operated between Genoa, Nevada and Placerville, California. He also carried the overland mails for Chorpenning during the winter months on 1861. Snowshoe died on 15 May, 1876. (see Across The Sierra Nevada Mountain by Snow-Shoe, by Risvold and Frajola in Chronicle #215) (Image) Est. $10,000-15,000

SOLD for $18,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
668 c   The San Francisco New Letter, A Summary of Events from Feb., 25th to March 5th, 1857, three page printed new letter including Showshoe Thompson announcement and vignette,
mailed to Boston with 1c Blue, Ty. II (7) barely cancelled by San FranciThe San Francisco New Letter, A Summary of Events from Feb., 25th to March 5th, 1857, three page printed new letter including "Showshoe" Thompson announcement and vignette, mailed to Boston with 1c Blue, Ty. II (#7) barely cancelled by San Francisco datestamp, very fine. (imagea) (Image) Est. $500-750

SOLD for $1,700.00
Will close during Public Auction
669 c   Cooks Express, Paid, snow shoe expressman in the mountains illustrated printed frank on yellow cover to Camptonville, California with 3c Rose (65, pre-affixing crease), entered
the mails with double circle Downie Ville, CalMar 19, 67 datestCook's Express, Paid, snow shoe expressman in the mountains illustrated printed frank on yellow cover to Camptonville, California with 3c Rose (#65, pre-affixing crease), entered the mails with double circle "Downie Ville, Cal/Mar 19, '67" datestamp, very fine; the unique recently discovered example; illustrated and discussed in Chronicle 213 (January, 2007) on pages 71-76.This recently discovered Cook's Express frank is exactly identical to the printed frank of Zack's Express, both operating out of Downieville. Granville Zachariah began his express about 1 January, 1865. Newspaper reports from the Downieville Mountain Messenger indicate that George E. Cook had taken over the "snow shoe express line" between Downieville & La Porte as of December 15, 1866. The Meadow Lake Sun of 15 June, 1866 reports that Tibbitts and Zachariah were running a Saddle and Pack Train into Meadow Lake. The Nevada Daily Gazette on 20 November, 1865 reports that Tibbetts had employed a man to carry the winter express on Norwegian snow shoes, which were superior to those used in Canada. That man was Granville Zachariah. Both expresses were short lived to about 1870. Both most likely had their covers printed in the work shop of the Mountain Messenger and both worked with the postmasters at the ends of the Downieville - La Porte route. (Image) Est. $5,000-7,500

SOLD for $36,250.00
Will close during Public Auction
670 c   Zacks Snow Shoe Express collection, comprised of one of only three recorded examples (all are on fronts) of blue oval Zacks Express, Paid show shoe expressman in the mountains
illustrated printed frank on 3c Pink on buff front only (U35) toZack's Snow Shoe Express collection, comprised of one of only three recorded examples (all are on fronts) of blue oval "Zack's Express, Paid" show shoe expressman in the mountains illustrated printed frank on 3c Pink on buff front only (#U35) to Port Wine, California (reduced roughly at right into the indicia), a newly discovered "Zack's Snow - Shoe Express, Paid" fancy ornamented printed frank on 3c Pink on buff entire (#U35) to Howland Flat, California that entered the mails with double circle "Downie Ville, Cal/Jun 12, '65" datestamp (opening tears at left and top), also an essay "Snow-Shoe Express/1857" snow shoe expressman in the mountains illustrated printed frank on a yellow envelope, and ten different express company printed franks on various entire fronts only, all addressed to Kleckner & Bro. at Port Wine; illustrated and discussed in Chronicle 213 (January, 2007) on pages 71-76.Granville Zackariah operated a one man express between Downieville and La Port, via Gibsonville Ridge in 1865-66. There were no roads between these two points. From Downieville to Port Wine the route was via Marysville southwest and then northeast to La Port and the Gibsonville mines. Zack took a direct route northerly over the ridges, canyons and rivers stemming from the high Sierra Mountains on show shoe in the winter and horseback at other times, thus he avoided a long circuitous route. (imagea) (imageb) (Image) Est. $3,000-4,000

SOLD for $6,250.00
Will close during Public Auction
VIRGINIA CITY PONY EXPRESS ROUTE
Lot Symbol CatNo. Lot Description CV or Estimate
671 c   Virginia City Pony Express, Wells, Fargo & Co.printed frank on 3c Pink on buff entire (U35) to San Francisco additionally franked with Wells, Fargo & Co. 10c Brown Pony Express
adhesive (143L7, trivial corner crease at top right), large marVirginia City Pony Express, Wells, Fargo & Co.printed frank on 3c Pink on buff entire (#U35) to San Francisco additionally franked with Wells, Fargo & Co. 10c Brown Pony Express adhesive (#143L7, trivial corner crease at top right), large margins to touching frame line at lower left, tied by blue oval "Wells, Fargo & Co./Virginia Cty, N.T./Sep 23" datestamp repeated on the indicia, 1862 docket at left, harmless opening tear at top right well clear of the indicia, fresh and very fine; ex-Moody.By 1862 the Comstock Lode and Virginia City had become famous as the silver and gold capitol of the world. On 11 August, 1862 Wells, Fargo & Co. established a pony express to carry letters between Virginia City and San Francisco. Letters were required to be enclosed within a franked government stamped envelope, plus a 10c Pony Express adhesive for each ½ ounce. This cover was carried by a pony rider from Virginia City to Placerville, where it was put on board a train bound for Sacramento via the Placerville & Sacrament Valley Railroad, thence by steamboat down the Sacrament River and San Francisco Bay to San Francisco. The advertised time was "Through in 24 hours." (Image) Est. $3,000-4,000

SOLD for $7,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
672 c   Virginia City Pony Express, Wells, Fargo & Co., printed frank on 3c Pink on buff entire (U35) to San Francisco additionally franked with Wells, Fargo & Co. 25c Blue Pony
Express adhesive (143L8), huge margins all around including a portionVirginia City Pony Express, Wells, Fargo & Co., printed frank on 3c Pink on buff entire (#U35) to San Francisco additionally franked with Wells, Fargo & Co. 25c Blue Pony Express adhesive (#143L8), huge margins all around including a portion of the adjacent stamp at base, tied by blue oval "Wells, Fargo & Co./Virginia Cty, N.T./May 10" datestamp, reduced at left, otherwise extremely fine.This cover was carried by a pony rider from Virginia City to Placerville, where it was put on board a train bound for Sacramento via the Placerville & Sacrament Valley Railroad, thence by steamboat down the Sacrament River and San Francisco Bay to San Francisco. (Image) Est. $2,000-3,000

SOLD for $5,750.00
Will close during Public Auction
COLORADO EXPRESS COMPANIES
Lot Symbol CatNo. Lot Description CV or Estimate
673 c   Leavh City & Pikes Peak Express Co., Apr 30 (1859), well struck handstamp without year date on inbound yellow cover to Pinkey Stout at Cherry Creek, Kansas Territory with
original letter datelined Armstrongs Palace, Lewis Co, Ky, April 15, 1Leav'h City & Pikes Peak Express Co., Apr 30 (1859), well struck handstamp without year date on inbound yellow cover to "Pinkey" Stout at Cherry Creek, Kansas Territory with original letter datelined "Armstrong's Palace, Lewis Co, Ky, April 15, 1859" and franked by 3c Dull red (#26) cancelled by pen stroke, endorsed "By way of Fort Larimina," very fine; the second earliest recorded usage; ex-Hass, Jarrett.Although the cover is routed "By was of Fort Larimina" (Fort Laramie) it was carried by the Leavenworth City and Pikes Peak Express Co. via the Republican River route. Auraria and Denver City were located on Cherry Creek and what is now the city of Denver. E.P. Stout, to whom this cover is addressed, arrived at Cherry Creek with a party from Omaha on 26 October, 1858, and he became the first president of the Denver City Town Company. (Image) Est. $5,000-7,500

SOLD for $21,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
674 c   Jones & Russells Pikes Peak Express Co., Denver City, Dec. 29, 1859, clear datestamp on orange cover to North Springfield, Vermont with two 3c Dull red (26, one torn), entered
the mails with Leavenworth City, K.T.Jan , 1860 postmark, very fiJones & Russell's Pikes Peak Express Co., Denver City, Dec. 29, 1859, clear datestamp on orange cover to North Springfield, Vermont with two 3c Dull red (#26, one torn), entered the mails with "Leavenworth City, K.T./Jan , 1860" postmark, very fine.This cover was carried to Leavenworth City via the Platte River route. (Image) Est. $400-500

SOLD for $5,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
675 c   The Central Overland Californi & Pikes Peak Express Company, Denver, K.T., faint but identifiable handstamp on back of 3c Pink entire (U34) to Nebraska City, N.T. with original
letter datelined Central City, November 11, 1861, endorsed Via OmThe Central Overland Californi & Pikes Peak Express Company, Denver, K.T., faint but identifiable handstamp on back of 3c Pink entire (#U34) to Nebraska City, N.T. with original letter datelined "Central City, November 11, 1861," endorsed "Via Omaha," entered the mails with double circle "Atchison, Kas/Nov 18, 1861" datestamp, stains at lower right, the handstamp has been skillfully altered by adding and "A" to the end of "California" and changing the territorial designation from "K.T." to "C.T.", otherwise fine. (Image) Est. $400-500

SOLD for $500.00
Will close during Public Auction
676 c   Hinckley & Co.s Express, Denver City, Jun 2, 1960, mostly clear handstamp and oval The Central Overland California& Pikes PeakExpress CompanyDenver City K.T.June 2 handstamp on
orange cover with 3c Dull red (26) to Gratiot, Wisconsin, entHinckley & Co.'s Express, Denver City, Jun 2, 1960, mostly clear handstamp and oval "The Central Overland California/& Pikes Peak/Express Company/Denver City K.T./June 2" handstamp on orange cover with 3c Dull red (#26) to Gratiot, Wisconsin, entered the mails with blue "Saint Joseph, Mo./Jun ?, 1860" postmark tying the stamp, bottom backflap missing, still a very fine conjunctive use.The Hinckley Express was established by C.S. Hinckley and John A. Sowers early on May 31,1860. They operated between the mining camps in the gold region and Denver. At Denver they connected with the Western Stage Company as well as the Central Overland California & Pikes Peak Express company. (Image) Est. $500-750

SOLD for $850.00
Will close during Public Auction
677 c   Hinckley & Co.s Express, Denver City, Mar 25, 1861, clear handstamp on yellow legal sized cover originating in California with block of six (3x2) 3c Dull red (26) and
horizontal pair 1c Blue, Ty. V (24) cancelled by two bold strikes of GeHinckley & Co.'s Express, Denver City, Mar 25, 1861, clear handstamp on yellow legal sized cover originating in California with block of six (3x2) 3c Dull red (#26) and horizontal pair 1c Blue, Ty. V (#24) cancelled by two bold strikes of "Georgetown, Cal./Feb 3" datestamp, addressed to Denver City, Kansas Territory and endorsed "Overland via Central Route," cover repaired at top right, very fine usage; the only known Hinckley Express cover arriving from the West.This cover endorsed "Overland via Central Route" was carried on the Chorpenning route to Salt Lake City and thence to Denver via the J.M. Hockaday Company, both of whom had the mail contracts at the time, Hinckley picked up the cover at the Denver Post Office and delivered to to Mr. Carpenter in one of the mining towns. (Image) Est. $750-1,000

SOLD for $1,600.00
Will close during Public Auction
678 c   Hinckley & Cos Express, Denver City, their handstamp on two out of three Fleming correspondence covers with Keokuk Packet Co. shield design corner cards, first to Mrs. Fleming
at Warsaw, Illinois from the mines in the vicinity of Denver, with adHinckley & Co's Express, Denver City, their handstamp on two out of three Fleming correspondence covers with Keokuk Packet Co. shield design corner cards, first to Mrs. Fleming at Warsaw, Illinois from the mines in the vicinity of Denver, with additional "The Central Overland and Californi/& Pikes Peak/Express Company/Denver City/Jun 28" datestamp that entered the mails with 3c Dull red (#26) tied by blue "Saint Joseph, Mo./Jul 5, 1860 postmark, the second from Mrs Flemming to Denver City, Jefferson Territory (at this time Denver was in the Kansas Territory and the people were seeking separation and the establishment of Jefferson Territory) with 3c Dull red (#26) tied by "Warsaw, Ill./Jul 11, 1860" postmark and delivered to the mines by Hinckley with their July 24, 1860 handstamp, the last addressed to Mr. Fleming at Fort Kearny, K.T. and forwarded to Denver City, Jefferson Territory with three 1c Blue, Ty. V (#24, faulty) added as forwarding postage (removed and replaced in order to show corner card) cancelled by indistinct Fort Kearny postmark, very fine group. (imagea) (Image) Est. $2,000-3,000

SOLD for $3,250.00
Will close during Public Auction
BANNACK CITY EXPRESSES AND 1864 IDAHO MINES ROUTES
Lot Symbol CatNo. Lot Description CV or Estimate
679 c   Overland Mail, via Boise City, printed directive on yellow cover to New York City, with manuscript Ruby City, I.T.Oct 19, 1865 Idaho Territory postmark, carried free in the
U.S. Mails by Joseph Leach to Boise City, thence by Holladays OverlOverland Mail, via Boise City, printed directive on yellow cover to New York City, with manuscript "Ruby City, I.T./Oct 19, 1865" Idaho Territory postmark, carried "free" in the U.S. Mails by Joseph Leach to Boise City, thence by Holladay's Overland Mail to the Missouri River via Salt Lake City, printed corner card of the New York & Owyhee Gold & Silver Mining Co., slightly reduced at right, very fine; ex-Knapp, Jessup and Haas.The Holladay's Overland Mail & Express Co. was organized by Ben Holladay in 1862 when he bought out Russell, Majors & Wadell. The line followed the Pony Express route from the Missouri River to Salt Lake City and Walla Walla via Fort Hall and Boise City. Holladay also bought out Butterfield Overland Despatch the same year and he became known as the "Stagecoach King". By 1866, if not sooner, Holladay could hear the whistle of the work-trains as the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific were building towards a union at Promontory Point, Utah. With this in mind, plus severe losses, caused by the Indian war on the overland route in 1864, Holladay decided to abdicate by selling his stagecoach empire to Wells Fargo & Company on November 1, 1866. (Image) Est. $4,000-5,000

SOLD for $20,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
680 c   Fort Bridger and Bannack City Express, mostly clear oval handstamp on orange cover with 3c Rose (65) tied by Washington, D.C.Aug 12, 1863 datestamp to Bannack City, Idaho
Territory endorsed via Fort Bridger, Utah Territory, pencil COD 75cFort Bridger and Bannack City Express, mostly clear oval handstamp on orange cover with 3c Rose (#65) tied by "Washington, D.C./Aug 12, 1863" datestamp to Bannack City, Idaho Territory endorsed "via Fort Bridger, Utah Territory," pencil "COD 75c" express charge, slightly reduced at right, very fine; ex-Haas.Fort Bridger & Bannack City Express was organized in 1863 by Frank Lowe and was operated as a pony express. The route was from Bannack City, Idaho Territory (now Montana) east to Virginia City, then south across the Continental Divide to Fort Hall, then southeast via Soda Springs and Bear Lake to Fort Bridger, Utah Territory (now Wyoming). It is not known whether this express operated more than just the summer of 1863. (Image) Est. $1,500-2,000

SOLD for $10,000.00
Will close during Public Auction

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