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United States Postal History continued...

State Postmarks - Missouri (Louisiana Territory) continued...
LotNo. Symbol CatNo. Lot Description
982   image(Louisiana Territory) "St. Louis 5th". Manuscript postmark with "Paid 25" rating updated to "20" on folded letter to the Governor of Georgia at Louisville Ga., forwarded with "Charge 5" and "Forwd - 10" ratings totaled to "35" cents giving no credit for prepayment, interesting letter datelined "St. Louis, Louisiana December 4, 1807" and reading "…At the request of a number of individuals of this Territory, I take the liberty of address you this letter. A certain John Starks, who has now another name, a fugitive from justice from the State of Georgia, is now residing in the District of Saint Charles. His Neighbors with a view to rid their Society of one covered with crimes, would cheerfully deliver him for trial if duly authorized to do so…E. Hempstead"; mall bit of erosion along fold affects rating, F.-V.F., ex-Alexander.
Estimate; $750 - 1,000. (Image1)

Est. $750-1,000
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
983   image(Louisiana Territory) "St. Louis, Jany 24". Manuscript postmark on folded letter datelined "Fort Osage, 1st Jany. 1811" to Detroit Mich. with "Public Service, J. Brownson" endorsement, carried down the Missouri River and entered mails with manuscript "St. Louis Jany 24" postmark over "3/4 oz" notation and "75" rating at right, letter contains quarterly returns of a company of the First Infantry Regiment that was stationed at the fort, in a postscript the writer says "6 of our Osage Indians have been lately killed by a party of Pawtowatomies"; some light soiling, Very Fine, ex-Alexander.
Estimate; $750 - 1,000.

A SCARCE FORT OSAGE, LOUISIANA TERRITORY USE VIA ST. LOUIS TO DETROIT MICH.

Following a treaty with the Osage Indians on November 10, 1808 Fort Osage was built on the big eddy of the Missouri River on a bluff 70 feet high near the present site of Sibley, Jackson County, Missouri. It replaced Fort Belle Fontaine as an Indian trading post and soon became the most important post in the United States. It was evacuated during the War of 1812 (in 1813), but the garrison returned in 1815. Troops were withdrawn in 1819 at the time of the Yellowstone Expedition, when the garrison was moved to Fort Atkinson at Old Council Bluffs. The fur trading operations were shut down in 1822 when the Indian Factory System was terminated, but the post was not abandoned until 1827, when Fort Leavenworth was built to protect the Santa Fe Trail. George C. Sibley was the factor at Fort Osage during its entire existence as a trading post. He later founded the town of Sibley, Missouri near the abandoned fort.
(Image1)

Est. $750-1,000
SOLD for $1,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
State Postmarks - Missouri (Missouri Territory)
LotNo. Symbol CatNo. Lot Description
984   image(Missouri Territory) "Cape Girardeau Mo. T., Otober 17th 1819". Manuscript postmark and matching "Paid 25" rating on 1819 folded letter to New Orleans La.; light fold toning, otherwise Very Fine, ex-Alexander.
Estimate; $300 - 400.

Cape Girardeau was first settled in 1794; the town was incorporated in 1805 and the post office was established the next year. It is located on the Mississippi River, about 150 miles south of St. Louis. This cover is from the Cox-Heins correspondence. In it, Cox reports to his future wife on the seemingly interminable trip from New Orleans to St. Louis, which he began by steamboat on August 16, 1819.
(Image1)

Est. $300-400
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
985   image(Missouri Territory) (Fort Bellefontaine) St Louis, Sep 9. Clear strike of two-line postmark on folded letter datelined "St. Louis Sept. 6th 1816" from a military dispatch from Capt. Eli B. Clemson to C. Irvine, Commissioner General Purchases at Philadelphia; some light toning, F.-V.F.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

Captain Eli B. Clemson, had been in charge of the troops that established Fort Osage in 1808. He came to Fort Bellefontaine after Fort Osage was temporarily evacuated in 1813.
(Image1)

Est. $200-300
SOLD for $325.00
Will close during Public Auction
986   image(Missouri Territory) (Fort Bellefontaine) St. Louis / Apr 15. Two-line postmark and red manuscript "Free" rating on 1817 folded military letter from Brigadier General Thomas A. Smith to Col. Robert Butler, Adj. General S. Division, U.S. Army, Nashville Tenn., endorsed "Pub. Service", he writes "If reports from the Indian country can be believed, several of the Tribes are disposed to commence hostilities this spring, they are endeavoring to draw into the Confederacy all the Indians on the upper Mississippi; if any information should be received that will render an additional force necessary, I will communicate it by Express", F.-V.F. with interesting Indian content.
Estimate; $300 - 400.

General Smith was the officer in charge during the building of Fort Crawford at Prairie Du Chien. He was a leading figure in frontier Missouri; following service at Fort Bellefontaine he resigned in 1818 to become the first receiver of public moneys at the Franklin Land Office, a position he held for about 10 years. He later operated a farm in Saline County which was called "Experiment", indicating his lack of experience in farming. The recipient of this letter, Col. Robert Butler, had been breveted Lt. Col. "for gallant action during the siege of New Orleans." When this letter was written he was Adjutant General of the Division of the South, stationed at Nashville. After resigning from the Army, he served as Surveyor General of Public Lands in Florida.
(Image1)

Est. $300-400
SOLD for $425.00
Will close during Public Auction
987   image(Missouri Territory) "Franklin Mo T., Jun 4". Manuscript postmark with matching "25" cent rating on 1819 folded letter datelined "Chareton, May 24th 1819" to Baltimore Md.; light aging and corner flaw, Fine, One of only two recorded Missouri Territory usages.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

Franklin, founded in 1816, was once the metropolis of the Boone's Lick country, a central Missouri region taking its name from a salt lick worked by the sons of Daniel Boone. Kit Carson was apprenticed here to a saddler and George Caleb Bingham's father ran a hotel near the river front. At this time, Franklin was on the leading edge of the frontier. From here William Becknell, the "Father of the Sante Fe Trail", led the first trading expedition to Sante Fee in 1821 and took the first wagons over the route in 1822.
(Image1)

Est. $200-300
SOLD for $475.00
Will close during Public Auction
988   image(Missouri Territory) "Jackson, April 25". Manuscript postmark with matching "25" rating on 1817 folded letter to Brattleboro, Vt., datelined "Jackson, County of Cape Girardeau Missouri April 23d, 1817"; some soiling, Fine, ex-Alexander.
Estimate; $400 - 600.

THIS IS THE EARLIEST RECORDED JACKSON, MO. POSTMARK.

This letter is from an attorney who practices law across the Mississippi River in Illinois Territory. He reports to a friend in Brattleboro that the local judge has abandoned his office and returned home to Maryland. He suggests that the friend apply for the position. He reports on his first, wildly successful case in the territory: "I was very successful in some important causes when I first arrived in the Territory. One, on which a whole estate depended, I argued on the several points made, three days, and succeeded. A rich man had endeavored to take a large estate from the heir, who was poor, by fraudulent will. He had engaged, at a high price, all the bar. Popular indignation was realized against him to the highest pitch. I arrived just in time to take the poor man's part, and to advocate the cause of him and the people. I had no other business, and had time thoroughly to investigate the case. The court house as crowded with people from every part of the county, ready even to fight on my side of the question. I had been for four days searching and digesting all the law which could have any bearing on the subject. I could not refrain from being eloquent, and I reasoned better than I ever did before in my life. I drove them from their imaginary strong holds, till one of their most able counsel exclaimed, "this yankey is like a cat, if we toss him ever so high, he will be sure to come down upon his feet!" After the trial was over, the people presented me with a handsome sum, which they made up by subscription.".
(Image1)

Est. $400-600
SOLD for $700.00
Will close during Public Auction
989   image(Missouri Territory) "New Madrid Mo. T., 1 Octr. 1819". Manuscript postmark with matching "Paid 25" rating on folded letter to New Orleans La. from the Cox-Heins correspondence; some paper loss at top edge and flap, some fold wear, Fine and scarce, This is the latest recorded use in the A.S.C.C. , ex-Alexander.
Estimate; $400 - 600.

New Madrid was founded in 1776 on the Mississippi River, 275 miles south of St. Louis by Spanish Governor Estaban Miro he welcomed American settles requiring them to become Spanish citizens living under Spanish laws. Soon after the Revolutionary War, Colonel William Morgan from New Jersey lead a large group of American families in the area. The post office was established in 1805. In 1811, it was near the epicenter of one of the great earthquakes ever that shook the area and gave its name to the fault that caused them.

Cox was on his way from New Orleans to St. Louis and describes the perils of the trip: "We had the misfortune some days since to get our vessel aground by which accident we lost eight days otherwise we should have been at St. Louis. It is yet distant about two hundred & fifty miles and without further accident we shall reach there in eight or ten days…I am yet quite nervous from a late attack of the fever Our Distress from Sickness my dear Girl has been greater than you can imagine we have buried nine put ten on shore very ill and have yet some sickness on board though no dangerous cases…".
(Image1)

Est. $400-600
SOLD for $450.00
Will close during Public Auction
990   image(Missouri Territory) "Rossville M.T., 2d Febry 1817". Manuscript postmark with matching "Paid 37½" rating on 1817 folded letter addressed to the Circuit Court of Livingston County Kentucky, the enclosed deposition given by Stephen Norris regarding details of a purchase of Negro slaves from a half breed Indian "who lived in the Cherokee Town on white river in this Territory…"; file folds and soiling, F.-V.F., ex-Alexander.
Estimate; $750 - 1,000.

ONE OF ONLY TWO RECORDED ROSSVILLE, MISSOURI TERRITORIAL USAGES KNOWN.

An early pioneer named John Ross operated a ferry across the Mississippi River a short distance south of Cairo, Illinois. The area was known as Ross Point with the name later being changed to Rossville. It was first located in New Madrid County and transferred to Mississippi County when that county was formed at a later date.
(Image1)

Est. $750-1,000
SOLD for $700.00
Will close during Public Auction
991   image(Missouri Territory) St. Louis, July 16. Two-line italicized postmark and manuscript "free A. T. Crane P.M." free frank endorsement on 1819 folded letter and printed "St. Louis Land Agency & Commission Office" circular to Westerly R.I.; small tone spot, Very Fine.
Estimate; $300 - 400.

This cover is franked by Capt. A.T. Crane, the third postmaster of St. Louis. While serving as Postmaster, he was also engaged in business under the name of Crane & Beck Western Land Agency. The enclosure is a printed circular of the Agency, franked by Crane as Postmaster. Crane became Postmaster in October 1818, following the death of Dr. Robert Simpson on September 11th of that year. At this time the post office was located in the old mansion of Mrs. Auguste Chouteau, at the southwest comer of Main and Chestnut Streets. Crane died in November 1819 and was succeeded in office on the first of December by Elias Rector.
(Image1)

Est. $300-400
SOLD for $325.00
Will close during Public Auction
992   image(Missouri Territory) St. Louis Mo.T. May 25. Red cds and red manuscript "Free" rating on folded letter datelined "Fort Crawford, Prairie du Chien, April 25, 1820" Michigan Territory from Capt. J. R. Stubbs to Gen. Jessup, Quartermaster General, Washington City, letter concerns acceptance of appointment to the quartermasters department, carried privately from Fort Crawford to St. Louis and deposited in the mails there; light fold toning, F.-V.F. and early mail from Fort Crawford, ex-Risvold.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)

Est. $300-400
SOLD for $375.00
Will close during Public Auction
993   image(Missouri Territory) "St Louis, July. 17". Two-line postmark and manuscript "30" cent war surcharge rating on 1815 to Lexington Ky., horizontal fold wear, otherwise Very Fine and scarce War of 1812 surcharge use, Alexander notes this as the EKU of straightlines.
Estimate; $300 - 400.

Straightline postmarks were first adopted when Dr. Robert Simpson became the postmaster of St. Louis in 1815. He was the second Postmaster at St. Louis, serving from 1815 to 1818. He was a physician by training. He moved to St. Louis from Maryland in 181, married Rufus Easton's sister, and became the Assistant Postmaster to his brother-in-law. He succeeded Easton as Postmaster in 1815, when Easton resigned to become the territorial delegate to Congress. He maintained use of the straightline postmarks throughout his tenure until his death on September 11, 1818.
(Image1)

Est. $300-400
SOLD for $375.00
Will close during Public Auction
994   image(Missouri Territory) "St. Charles, November 27". Manuscript postmark and matching "12½" rating on folded letter datelined "Portage de Sioux 23 November 1819" addressed to Pierre Menard, Lieutenant Governor at Kaskaskia Ill.; some small address panel mends, Fine and rare use, ex-Alexander.
Estimate; $400 - 600.

The town of St. Charles is the third oldest city west of the Mississippi River. It became the first capital of the Missouri Territory and is located in St. Charles County. It lies just to the northwest of St. Louis on the Missouri River playing a significant role in the westward expansion of the United States. IT was the last civilized stop for the famous Lewis and Clark Expedition in June 1804.
(Image1)

Est. $400-600
SOLD for $325.00
Will close during Public Auction
State Postmarks - Missouri (Missouri Statehood)
LotNo. Symbol CatNo. Lot Description
995   image"Fayette Mo, March 20th". Manuscript postmark and "6" cent rating on folded letter datelined "Old Franklin, Mar 19 1830" to Columbia Mo., letter from Edward Simpson "…I arrived safe at home the day after I left you and found able as I expected as times are partly brisk…The Duncan's will leave here on Sunday as the river is sufficiently high for any kind of Boat and is rising very fast. There is a good many going to Santa Fe from here and I think goods will Command a good price this season…"; light fold toning, F.-V.F.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)

Est. $300-400
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
996   imageFort Leavenworth, Mo., June 14. Cds and matching "X" rating handstamp on blue 1849 folded letter datelined "May 27th, 1849 near Fort Kearney" to Petersville Md., content includes "…We have arrived at the Platt River & will get to Fort Kearney four miles up on Grand Island tomorrow. We will then be about three hundred miles up on Grand Island tomorrow…" and May 28th post script "…I came ahead of the company some few miles and am now at the Fort. This fort was called Fort Childs once but it has been renamed since old Fort Kearny was destroyed…"; some edge wear, F.-V.F. with interesting trail contents.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)

Est. $300-400
SOLD for $850.00
Will close during Public Auction
997   image"Franklin Mo, March 1". Manuscript postmark with matching "18" cent rating on 1822 folded letter to St. Louis from Dabney Carr to Mssrs. Sith & Ferguson Merchants; separation and faults, Fine, The earliest recorded statehood postmark.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)

Est. $300-400
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
998   imageFranklin Mo. Two 1823 letters with both types of two-line postmarks from same correspondence from Alphonso Wetmore to Nathan Towson, Paymaster, Washington D.C., 1823 with "FRANKLIN. / MO." two-line Roman-type postmark and matching "FREE" italicized rating handstamp, faults and separated contents; and "FRANKLIN. / MO." two-line italicized-type postmark with manuscript "June 12" dating and matching "FREE" rating handstamp; each with folded toning, F.-V.F.
Estimate; $400 - 600.

TWO OF THE FIVE RECORDED FRANKLIN MO. STRAIGHTLINE POSTMARKS.

Straightline postmarks were used at Franklin only in 1823 in two known varieties shown here: Roman and italic type. These were probably produced with type used at
The Missouri Intelligencer, a newspaper printed at Franklin. Each of these letters is from the War of 1812 veteran Alphonso Wetmore after he had been appointed Army Paymaster for the central frontier. Headquartered at Franklin, Wetmore's duties included delivery and accounting for the pay of troops in the district, as well as the delivery of annuities to Indian tribes. Specie for these payments came from the sale of government lands to new settlers and the huge influx of Mexican silver coming over the Santa Fe Trail. The bottom letter describes one of his duties: "I …shall take my departure for Fort Atkinson so soon as the guards arrive from that post with pack horses for the transportation of the Specie, with which the Treasurer's draft was paid…". (Image1)

Est. $400-600
SOLD for $325.00
Will close during Public Auction
999   image"Ft Osage Mo - Decr 4". Red manuscript postmark with matching "25" rating on 1821 folded letter to Philadelphia Pa., datelined "Union, Arks Ter. Sep 30, 1821" and written by William F. Vail who was missionary to the Osage Indians at Union Mission in Arkansas Territory (present day Oklahoma), carried privately to Fort Osage and deposited in the mails there, letter thanks the recipient for clothing and other supplies for the mission and says that a school is under construction, even though they have been able to obtain only three children because of an ongoing Indian war. He concludes by saying: "Be not alarmed for our safety…though the Indians prowl around the forest in quest of each others blood, we dwell securely", Very Fine and rare, ex-Alexander.
Estimate; $750 - 1,000.

THIS IS THE EARLIEST RECORDED LETTER POSTED AT FORT OSAGE, AND THE ONLY LETTER THAT ENTERED THE MAILS THERE DURING THE TIME THE FORT WAS OPERATING AS A GOVERNMENT INDIAN FACTORY.

Fort Osage was the first outpost built by the United States in the Louisiana Territory. In 1803, Captain William Clark selected the site on the south bank of the Missouri River. In 1808, the fort was built by the 1st Regiment, U.S. Infantry who came up the Missouri River in six keelboats under command of Captain Eli Demon. The fort soon became a trading center. A post office was established at Fort Osage in 1820.
(Image1)

Est. $750-1,000
SOLD for $800.00
Will close during Public Auction
1000   image"Fulton Mo, Nov 28". Manuscript postmark with matching "25" cent rating on folded letter datelined "Fulton, Calloway, Missouri Nov. 26th, 1832" to City Washington Mo., transcript of letter with subscription request to the editor at the Globe, plus some political commentary, Very Fine.
Estimate; $150 - 200. (Image1)

Est. $150-200
SOLD for $130.00
Will close during Public Auction
1001   image"Gentry C.H. Mo, Mar 28". Manuscript postmark and matching "Paid 10c." rating on gray 1849 folded letter addressed to Capt. J.W. Denver, U.S. Army at Wilmington Oh., long letter from Elijah P. Howell concerning pay for the father of two deceased soldiers killed while serving in the Mexican-American War, he also writes "…I am truly sorrow to hear of your bad health, but hope in this year you may have recovered. We looked thru all the innumerable confused accounts, from the line from Vera Cruz to the Capitol, with great anxiety for your Company…" and "…My brother William who was living with me when you was here, joined Simonds Company for Sante Fe and died on the plains in August (1847) of Typhoid Fever. You have no doubt heard that Capt. Simonds died on his way to Sante Fe…", Very Fine, ex-Risvold.
Estimate; $250 - 350. (Image1)

Est. $250-350
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction

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