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The Brandon Collection of Confederate States, Part 2 continued...

Flag-of-Truce Mail: Civilians and Confederate Prisons continued...
Lot Sym. Lot Description  
582 c ImageRichland Jail, Columbia S.C. Manuscript "Exd R D Senn Capt Post Gd" examiner's marking on bright yellow cover to Warsaw N.Y. with green and red 9th Corps, 4th Division Union Patriotic emblem and Magee imprint, with prisoner's routing "Care of Col. H. T. Oulde, Commissioner of Exchange", 3c Rose (65) tied by cork cancel and "Old Point Comfort Va. Aug. 25" (1864) double-circle datestamp, receipt docketing, with original letter datelined "In Prison, Columbia S.C. August 12th 1864" from Lt. William H. Mix to his mother

EXTREMELY FINE. A MAGNIFICENT PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER. REGARDED TO BE THE FINEST OF THE FEW KNOWN UNION PATRIOTIC ENVELOPES USED FROM A CONFEDERATE PRISON.

Illustrated in Antrim (p. 132). Accompanied by article from July 1960 Confederate Philatelist, reporting this cover and the Mix-Knapp correspondence (Image)

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E. $ 4,000-5,000

SOLD for $4,750.00
Will close during Public Auction
583 c ImageRichland Jail, Columbia S.C. Manuscript officer's endorsement "From Col. M. Corcoran prisoner of War Columbia S.C." on mixed-franking U.S. 3c Pink on White (U34) entire addressed to New York, 5c Green, Stone 1-2 (1) tied by faint strike of blue circular datestamp which also cancels the indicia, faults including soiling, small tear at top right, slightly reduced at top, 5c stamp light crease, Fine appearance and of great historical interest, Col. (later General) Corcoran was a celebrated Irish American Union officer and confidant of President Lincoln who was captured at 1st Bull Run, he was one of the Union prisoners selected for execution in the "Enchantress Affair" before he was eventually exchanged, he died in 1863 when his horse fell on him, his name figured prominently in many Irish Union ballads, accompanied by two illustrated unused Union Patriotic covers depicting Corcoran, one as part of the "Sons of Erin" with Cols. Mulligan and Meacher (Image)

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E. $ 1,000-1,500

SOLD for $1,700.00
Will close during Public Auction
584 c ImageRoper Hospital, Charleston S.C. 3c Rose (65) tied by target cancel, matching "Port Royal S.C. Sep. 17 '64" double-circle datestamp on prisoner-of-war cover to West Killingly Conn., endorsed "Prisoners Letter Lt. George Kies, Charleston S.C.", pencil "Examined" and Federal agent of exchange endorsement by Lt. Col. Stewart L. Woodford, some edge toning, otherwise Very Fine and scarce flag-of-truce cover exchanged via C.S.A.-controlled Pocotaligo and U.S.-controlled Port Royal, much rarer than mail exchanged in Virginia, George Kies served in Company K of the the 18th Connecticut Infantry, he was captured on June 15, 1863 at Winchester Va. and was also held at Libby Prison in Richmond (Image)

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E. $ 750-1,000

SOLD for $600.00
Will close during Public Auction
585   Camp Sorghum, Columbia S.C. Prisoner-of-war letter from Jno. C. Roney to his aunt, datelined Nov. 5th 1864, no cover, Very Fine, Roney was captured at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he was sent to Libby Prison and later to Roper Hospital in Charleston, he became one of the "Union 600" who were used as human shields (see lot 591 for Roney cover from Libby)

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E. $ 200-300

SOLD for $120.00
Will close during Public Auction
586 c ImageHouston Tex. Inner prisoner-of-war buff cover to West Portland Maine, original enclosure from Charles Moseley to his brother and sister, datelined "Houston February 13th, 1863", including "I write you these few lines to let you know that I have had another brush and have been taken prisoner...I am tired of living on corn dodgers.", censored with "Examined W. Hyllested, Maj. & P M Genl", sent via Galveston and exchanged by flag-of-truce with U.S. West Gulf Blockading Squadron, entered Federal mails with "New Portland Me. Apr. 7" circular datestamp and "U.S. Ship 3cts" due handstamp, backflap tears extend just to top edge on front

VERY FINE AND EXTREMELY RARE COVER FROM A PRISONER CONFINED AT THE C.S.A. HOUSTON PRISON. SENT VIA FLAG-OF-TRUCE THROUGH GALVESTON AND THE U.S. NAVAL BLOCKADING SQUADRON IN THE GULF OF MEXICO.

Federal defeats in Texas in 1863 left a large number of Union prisoners in the Houston area. The only Union forces near the Confederate prisons in this area were the naval ships blockading Galveston harbor. To facilitate the exchange of released prisoners and mail, a flag-of-truce route developed between Confederate controlled Galveston and offshore U.S. naval ships of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron (Special Routes p. 82).

Surviving prisoner-of-war covers from the Houston prison are extremely rare. The Harrison book records only three and outside of that group there are probably no more than a handful others. (Image)

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E. $ 3,000-4,000

SOLD for $7,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
587 c ImageCamp Ford, Tyler Tex. Buff cover endorsed "E. T. Robinson Prisoner of War at Tyler", from Elisha T. Robinson to his wife in Lewiston Me., original letter datelined "Tyler Texas, May 7, 1864", discusses his capture at the Battle of Pleasant Hill, censored on back "Examined & forwarded Ig. Szymanski Adjutant & Agent of Exchange" by Major Ignatius Szymanski, Agent of Exchange for prisoners in the Trans-Mississippi Dept., entered U.S. mails with "New Orleans La. May 23 '64" double-circle datestamp and "Due 6" in circle, slightly reduced at left and light folds

A FINE AND RARE COVER FROM A UNION PRISONER HELD IN A CONFEDERATE PRISON CAMP IN TEXAS, CARRIED BY THE SHREVEPORT-NEW ORLEANS FLAG-OF-TRUCE ROUTE. FEWER THAN TEN COVERS FROM CAMP FORD ARE KNOWN.

The Federal occupation of Baton Rouge on May 12, 1862, left the U.S. in control of southeastern Louisiana. The close proximity of U.S. and C.S.A. forces in Louisiana led to flag-of-truce prisoner and P.O.W. mail exchanges in 1863 to 1865. The principal exchange point was along the Mississippi River between U.S.-controlled Red River Landing and C.S.A.-controlled Simmesport. Most of the northbound mail has manuscript examined markings by Major Hyllested, Provost Marshal General of Texas at Houston, or, in the case of this cover, by Major Szymanski, Assistant Agent of Exchange for the Trans-Mississippi Department at Shreveport, Louisiana. The few surviving northbound covers are inner envelopes from C.S.A. prisons which were routed via Shreveport, Simmesport and Red River Landing to enter the U.S. mails at New Orleans. Camp Ford in Tyler was close to Shreveport, just over the Texas line. (Image)

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E. $ 2,000-3,000

SOLD for $3,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
588   New Orleans, Oct. 26, 1864 (Camp Ford). Dateline on 2-page letter from a Union soldier to his wife, no cover, address or name, fascinating content related to his six months imprisonment at Camp Ford, Tyler Texas, including "I was never treated so rough...I was put in the guardhouse and had irons on my feet and hands and ball and chain. I was confined that way for six weeks and four days, the ball and chain made sores on my ankles until the maggots got into it...I was court-martialed twice. The first time they issued an order to shoot me, the next time to hang me by the thumbs...There are about 27 hundred prisoners at Tyler Texas now, I pity the poor fellows...", a lurid account of the appalling conditions and prisoner treatment at Camp Ford after the influx of prisoners in April 1864, the overcrowding was alleviated by exchanges of prisoners in July and October, which is likely how this soldier ended up in New Orleans

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E. $ 500-750

SOLD for $300.00
Will close during Public Auction
589   ImageState of Maine, Head Quarters, Adjutant General's Office (Camp Ford). Letterhead with the Great Seal of Maine, dated Augusta, Sep. 30th, 1864, addressed to a Mrs. Robinson in response to her inquiry about Union prisoners at Camp Ford, Tyler Texas, states "I can give you no information concerning the prisoners that were taken in Texas...as they have not exchanged yet it will be impossible to tell who have died or who have not," signed by John L. Hodson Adjt. General, Very Fine (Image)

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E. $ 200-300

SOLD for $100.00
Will close during Public Auction
590 c ImageDanville Prison, Danville Va. Inner prisoner-of-war blue cover to Pike N.Y., pencil manuscript censor marking "Examined", soldier's endorsement "Watson W. Bush 1st Lt., 2nd N.Y. Mounted Rifles, Prisoner War" and "Via Flag of Truce", entered U.S. mails with "Old Point Comfort Va. Feb. 18" double-circle datestamp and "Due 6" in circle, original enclosure includes instructions on sending letters, Very Fine, Harrison states only 35 covers from Danville Prison are known (Image)

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E. $ 750-1,000

SOLD for $800.00
Will close during Public Auction
591 c ImageLibby Prison, Richmond Va. U.S. 3c Pink on Buff entire (U34) inner prisoner-of-war cover to Newark O., endorsed "From Lieut. Jno. C. Roney, Prisoner of War, Richmond Va. Jany. 4th 64," at top, entered U.S. mails with "Old Point Comfort Va. Jan. 25" double-circle datestamp, original contents discuss prospects for exchange and state he has been a prisoner eight months, cover with light folds, Very Fine and unusual use on an entire, Roney was captured at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he was later sent to Camp Sorghum in Columbia S.C. and Roper Hospital in Charleston and became one of the "Union 600" who were used as human shields (see lot 585 for Roney letter from Camp Sorghum) (Image)

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E. $ 400-500

SOLD for $550.00
Will close during Public Auction
592 c ImageLigon's Tobacco Warehouse, Richmond Va. Inner green cover from Lt. Barnard B. Vassal, prisoner-of-war, to North Oxford Mass. (enclosure with his name no longer accompanies), prisoner's endorsement as well as "Sold. letter Mg. Herrman U.S.A." (Gen. Wool's staff) applied at Fortress Monroe despite Vassal's rank as an officer, "Due 3" handstamp for unpaid soldier's letter, no Old Point Comfort datestamp, fresh and Very Fine, Lt. Vassal was a nephew of American Red Cross founder Clara Barton and was captured at Ball's Bluff (Leesburg) on October 21, 1861, ex Birkinbine and Walske (Image)

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E. $ 500-750

SOLD for $850.00
Will close during Public Auction

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