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The Brandon Collection of Confederate States, Part 2 continued...

Flag-of-Truce Mail: Civilians and Confederate Prisons
Lot Sym. Lot Description  
571 c Image5c Green, Stone 1-2. Horizontal pair, tied by faint strike of circular datestamp on buff civilian flag-of-truce cover from New Orleans to New York, via Norfolk and Old Point Comfort Va., transcript of original contents datelined Jan. 23, 1862 (letter no longer present), discusses the ability to send letters north via flag-of-truce if they "contain no reference to political or military matters", endorsed "Via Norfolk & Flag of Truce", entered U.S. mails with 3c Rose (65), bottom selvage, affixed over C.S.A. stamps and tied by "Old Point Comfort Va. Feb. 18" double-circle datestamp

VERY FINE. A FRESH AND EXCEEDINGLY RARE MIXED-FRANKING NORTHBOUND CIVILIAN FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVER FROM NEW ORLEANS, SENT VIA NORFOLK AND OLD POINT COMFORT. THE FEW MIXED-FRANKING COVERS KNOWN FROM THIS PERIOD REPRESENT THE EARLIEST POSSIBLE EXAMPLES OF MIXED UNITED STATES AND CONFEDERATE STATES POSTAGE, WHICH WERE ONLY POSSIBLE FOR A BRIEF PERIOD.

Mixed-franking U.S.-Confederate States covers are rare and highly sought after by collectors. As a mixed franking on a civilian flag-of-truce cover, during the short window that some were allowed to use the Norfolk-Old Point Comfort route, this is an extremely important artifact of postal history. Shortly after this cover was mailed, civilian flag-of-truce mail sent North was diverted to the U.S. Dead Letter Office, per U.S. General Order No. 7. This order followed an announcement in the January 1862 U.S. Mail & Post Office Assistant that stated, "The facilities afforded by sending letters to the rebel states under a flag-of-truce are not intended, and cannot be permitted, to cover general correspondence."

Ex Knapp (Image)

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E. $ 4,000-5,000

SOLD for $5,250.00
Will close during Public Auction
572 c ImageWashington D.C. to Salem N.C. via Fortress Monroe and Norfolk Va. Folded letter datelined "Washington D.C. Dec'r 12, 1861" from E. S. Zevely (brother of the Third Assistant Postmaster General) to his sister, Sophia J. Butner, in Salem N.C., 3c Rose (65), s.e. at left and small piece of corner replaced at upper right, tied by blue "Norfolk Va. Dec. 7, 1861" Confederate circular datestamp, matching partly clear strike of "Paid 5c" in circle C.S.A. rate handstamp, large remnant of buff paper used to hold two United States Half-Dime coins (represented by replacement coins) with sender's notation "10 cts" (overpaid 5c), small manuscript "Exd" censor mark at upper left, letter states "I send this via Fortress Monroe, hoping it will be allowed to pass, with others..." and a postscript "Attaching 3cts to pay Federal postage", waterstain around address

A FINE AND SPECTACULAR FLAG-OF-TRUCE LETTER THROUGH FORTRESS MONROE AND NORFOLK, VIRGINIA, WITH CONFEDERATE AND UNITED STATES POSTAGE PREPAID AT THE POINT OF MAILING BY COINS AND A 3-CENT 1861 STAMP.

This southbound flag-of-truce letter was exchanged on the C.S.A. side at Norfolk, before U.S. forces captured the city in May 1862. Flag-of-truce covers via Norfolk are very scarce, and only a few have evidence of Confederate postage paid by coins. Based on the letter writer's statement and the appearance of the cover, this was apparently part of a group sent from Washington D.C. inside another envelope, and the U.S. 3c 1861 stamp escaped cancellation in the U.S. postal system. When the letter reached Norfolk, the datestamp was applied over the U.S. stamp.

With MacBride note on back. (Image)

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E. $ 2,000-3,000

SOLD for $2,300.00
Will close during Public Auction
573 c ImageCastle Morgan, Cahaba Ala. Inner prisoner-of-war cover to New Corwin O., with original letter datelined "Cahaba Alibama (sic) February 11th 65", endorsed "Prisoners Letter", censored on back by Cahaba Commander Capt. Howard Andrew Millett Henderson "Exd. H.A.M. Henderson Capt. & Asst Agh of Exchange, C.S.A.", "Vicksburg Miss. Mar. 9, 186(5)" double-circle datestamp and "Due 6" handstamp for U.S. unpaid rate, contemporary ink staining on both sides, Fine and rare, the U.S. capture of Vicksburg in July 1863 placed U.S. and C.S.A. forces in close proximity, Vicksburg was designated by the U.S. as a principal exchange point in the West, but flag-of-truce mail through that point is surprisingly rare, approximately 10 covers are known from Castle Morgan, ex Walske, illustrated in Special Routes (p.78) (Image)

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E. $ 750-1,000

SOLD for $600.00
Will close during Public Auction
574 c ImageSelma Prison, Selma Ala. Soldier endorsement "From Captain W.W. Warmer, Prisoner of War, Selma Alabama," with manuscript "Examined JMTT?" censor mark on buff cover to Clermont Iowa, 3c Rose (65) tied by target and "New-York 26 Jul. 1862" double-circle datestamp, slightly reduced at left, staining at bottom, otherwise Fine, an extremely rare prisoner cover from Selma Ala., possibly the only example known (none are recorded in Harrison), this was probably carried by an exchanged prisoner who mailed it in New York, Warner was held at three different Confederate prisons in 1862, including Madison and Atlanta Ga. (Image)

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E. $ 500-750

SOLD for $750.00
Will close during Public Auction
575 c ImageAndersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter). Small embossed ladies cover addressed to Mr. W. H. Singleton at Andersonville Prison in Sumter Ga., "Hawkinsville Ga. Jul. 2, 1863" circular datestamp with arced "Paid 10" handstamp, soiling and missing one flap, one corner repaired, Fine appearing and scarce incoming cover to a guard at Andersonville Prison, ex Kohn, accompanied by a brief biography of the recipient (Image)

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E. $ 400-500

SOLD for $325.00
Will close during Public Auction
576 c ImageAndersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter). Legal size brown cover addressed to Capt. Pope in Macon Ga., endorsed "O.B." with "Andersonville Ga." double-circle handstamp, "Paid" straightline and "10", manuscript "chg. L.L.V.?" at top, enclosure a map of Andersonville Prison, showing the old stockade, new stockade, gates, earthworks, sheds and stream, titled at bottom "Plan of Prison Grounds Andersonville, Measured by Dr. Hambin," cover backflap and map with tears, the latter repaired with some non-archival tape which has caused some slight staining, still Fine and desirable collateral item from the South's most notorious Civil War prison (Image)

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E. $ 500-750

SOLD for $1,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
577   ImageAndersonville Ga. (Camp Sumter). Folded prisoner-of-war letter from Herbert O. Smith to his father (Westborough Mass.), datelined July 18, 1864 from Andersonville Prison Camp Ga., contents relate to his weak condition, his possession of only a single shirt and his wonder that the "federals do not get their men away from here", Very Fine, accompanied by biographical information, Herbert would die at Andersonville one month after writing this letter -- allegedly at the hands of the notorious Union "Raiders", which were a group of soldiers who preyed on their fellow prisoners, stealing from, beating and sometimes killing them, however the "Raiders" were broken up and their leaders hanged on July 10th, one week prior to this letter (Image)

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E. $ 300-400

SOLD for $900.00
Will close during Public Auction
578 c ImageCamp Oglethorpe for Officers, Macon Ga. Small folded letter from prisoner datelined "Prisoners Camp, Macon Ga. June 6 1864", prisoner's endorsement on front, censored "Ex WS" (W.S. Scott, 1st Sgt. 5th Ga. Infantry), "Old Point Comfort Va. Jul. 18" double-circle datestamp and "Due 6" handstamp, contents including "I wrote from Richmond. Left Libby 6 days ago", water staining and reinforced splits throughout, Fine appearance, ex Walske (Image)

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E. $ 400-500

SOLD for $250.00
Will close during Public Auction
579 c ImageCamp Boggs, Shreveport La. Folded prisoner-of-war letter from Alexander Reid of the 46th Indiana Regt. to Burnsville Ind., letter datelined "At the Stockade near Shreveport, March the 8th, 1865", censor marking "Exd. & Forwarded Lt. Szymanski AAG & Agent of Exchange" by Major Ignatius Szymanski, Agent of Exchange for prisoners in the Trans-Mississippi Dept., entered U.S. mails with U.S. 3c Rose (65) and "New Orleans La. Apr. 13, 1865" circular datestamp with duplex target cancel, file folds and some wear

A FINE AND EXTREMELY RARE COVER FROM A UNION PRISONER HELD AT CAMP BOGGS NEAR SHREVEPORT, LOUISIANA, SENT VIA THE SHREVEPORT-NEW ORLEANS FLAG-OF-TRUCE ROUTE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED COVER FROM CAMP BOGGS.

Alexander (later Reverend) Reed was captured at Sabine Crossroads in 1864 and taken to the prison camp at Tyler Texas. His story contains a riveting series of prison escapes including vaulting over and digging under fences, night travel, recapture and re-confinement -- with stays at Camp Ford, Camp Gross Tex. (escaped), Hempstead Tex. (escaped), Camp Boggs and finally back to Camp Ford. In addition to a rare Shreveport-New Orleans route flag-of-truce cover, this is the only recorded cover from Camp Boggs.

Illustrated in Harrison on p. 36. Accompanied by background information on Reed and his escapes as well as three of his enlistment and discharge documents. (Image)

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E. $ 3,000-4,000

SOLD for $2,200.00
Will close during Public Auction
580 c ImageSalisbury N.C. Small prisoner's cover to Gray Maine, 5c Blue, Stone 2 (4), margins to in, few faults, tied by bold "Salisbury N.C. Jun. 12, 1861 [sic]" circular datestamp used in 1862 but the old year date left in place, pencil "Ex NK" and "Ec." censor marks, U.S. postage paid with 3c Rose (65), s.e. at right, small corner crease and slightly oxidized, tied by "Old Point Comfort Va. Jun. 23" double-circle datestamp

A FINE AND EXTREMELY RARE USE OF THE 5-CENT BLUE LITHOGRAPH ON A PRISONER-OF-WAR COVER FROM SALISBURY, NORTH CAROLINA.

With original letter enclosure from D. M. Dill datelined "Salisbury N.C. June 10, 1862". Dill is is seemingly quite content with life at Salisbury, "as we are having the easiest time since entering the Army." At this point Salisbury held no more than 600 prisoners, who were well fed and housed under satisfactory conditions. Two years later, 10,000 prisoners arrived and turned Salisbury into the "Most lothsome dunguns in Rebeldom".

There are 65 covers from Salisbury recorded in the Harrison book, but very few of these have the 5c Blue Lithograph, and even fewer have a combination franking (Image)

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E. $ 2,000-3,000

SOLD for $3,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
581 c ImageSalisbury N.C. Prisoner's cover to Gray, Maine, endorsed "From a prisoner of war", 10c Rose (5) large margins to in, light gum soak, paying new 10c rate, tied by "Salisbury N.C. Jul. 31, 1861 [sic]" circular datestamp, used in 1862, but the old year date left in place, manuscript "Ex NK" censor mark, "Washington D.C. Aug. 10, 1862" circular datestamp and matching "Due 3" handstamp for unpaid U.S. postage

VERY FINE. ONE OF ONLY THREE RECORDED PRISONER-OF-WAR COVERS WITH THE 10-CENT ROSE LITHOGRAPH.

With the original letter enclosure from D. M. Dill, datelined "Salisbury N.C. July 30, 1862", from a prisoner asking for news regarding his Company, and from the neighborhood. At this point Salisbury held no more than 600 prisoners, who were well fed and housed under satisfactory conditions. Two years later, 10,000 prisoners arrived and turned Salisbury into the "Most lothsome dunguns in Rebeldom". (Image)

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E. $ 5,000-7,500

SOLD for $5,500.00
Will close during Public Auction

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