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The Brandon Collection of Confederate States, Part 2 continued...

Private Express Mail
Lot Sym. Lot Description  
519 c ImageForwarded by the Adams Express Co. from Warrenton. Black on orange label with "Warrenton" and "2/-" Paid in manuscript affixed with mucilage to cover addressed to C.S.A. Vice President Alexander H. Stephens in Richmond, "Warrenton Geo. Jul. 20" (1861) circular datestamp boldly struck with "Paid" straightline handstamp and manuscript "20" rate (possibly "25" over "20" or vice versa), red wax seal, unlike most Stephens covers this has the top flap intact, receipt docketing "M. H. Wellborn, Warrenton Ga. July 20th, Sends two additional lists of subscribers to Cotton Loan & desires to know whether [two names] sent lists direct to you", minor edgewear, small tear at top and stain specks, still Very Fine, the only recorded use of an Adams Express label from Warrenton, the distance to Richmond is about 500 miles, so this was probably prepaid at double 10c over-500 miles rate, the reference to the Cotton Loan confrims 1861 use, ex Freeland and Ballard (Image)

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E. $ 1,000-1,500

SOLD for $1,600.00
Will close during Public Auction
520 c Image5c Bright Green, Stone 1 (1). Ample margins to just touched at left, tied by clear strike of blue "Southern Express Co. Augusta Ga." double-circle handstamp without date on lady's small cover to Mrs. M. A. Haynesworth in Petersburg Va., sender's directive "Care Southern Express", backflap slightly trimmed, Very Fine, a choice and rare Southern Express Co. cover with the General Issue paying 5c rate prior to July 1, 1862, the express companies were effectively banned from carrying mail by the Act of April 1862, effective June 1, which required letters to be enclosed in stamped envelopes (not adhesive, but actual printed envelopes), but of course the government never supplied envelopes, ex Dr. Green (Image)

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E. $ 1,500-2,000

SOLD for $2,600.00
Will close during Public Auction
521 c Image10c Rose (5). Huge margins to clear at top, tied by blue "Southern Express Co. Augusta Ga. Jul. 1" (1862) double-circle datestamp struck three times on front and two more times on back of brown homemade cover to Atlanta Ga., manuscript "Papers Valuable" and "Paid 2/-" express charge (two bits, or 25c)

EXTREMELY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED USE OF THE 10-CENT ROSE ON A SOUTHERN EXPRESS COMPANY COVER. THIS REMARKABLE FRANKING WAS REQUIRED FOR THE NEW 10-CENT RATE, AND THIS COVER IS POSTMARKED ON JULY 1, 1862, THE FIRST DAY OF THE RATE.

The absence of a mail-registration system in the Confederacy made it necessary to use express companies to transmit valuable letters. Postage was required on all express letters, but the Act of April 1862 changed the law from allowing adhesive stamps to requiring stamped envelopes, which of course the government did not provide. The calculated effect of this regulation was a ban on private express mail, but surviving covers show that the companies continued to carry letters.

This cover is remarkable because the scarce 10c Rose Lithograph is used, and it is datestamped on July 1, 1862, the first day of the new 10c rate, which the stamp prepays. This cover was carried on the Georgia Railroad between Augusta and Atlanta, entirely outside of the Confederate postal system.

Illustrated in Special Routes (page 196). Ex Richey, Antrim, Simon and Walske (Image)

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E. $ 7,500-10,000

SOLD for $29,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
522 c Image5c Olive Green, Stone A-B (1c). Horizontal pair, large margins to just barely in at bottom, cancelled by smudged manuscript marks (iron gall ink ties thru to envelope, which is visible on the inside), paying required C.S.A. postage on cover to Col. Lomax, 3rd Regt. Ala. Volunteers, Norfolk Va., blue "Southern Express Co. Montgomery Ala. Dec. 12" (1861) double-circle datestamp and bold matching "Montgomery Alabama Southern Express" in circle, faint toning

VERY FINE. ONE OF FIVE RECORDED COVERS FROM THE SOUTHERN EXPRESS COMPANY IN MONTGOMERY, ALABAMA, OF WHICH FOUR BEAR THE UNUSUAL "MONTGOMERY ALABAMA SOUTHERN EXPRESS" HANDSTAMP.

This cover was carried by the Southern Express Company to Colonel Lomax's regiment in proximity to Norfolk, Virginia. We record five Southern Express Company covers from Montgomery -- all from the Lomax correspondence -- including four with the distinctive "Montgomery Alabama Southern Express" circle, which is unlike any other marking used by express companies throughout the Confederacy. Two have 10c Hoyer & Ludwig stamps (Dec. 18 and 22 express datestamps), one has the Montgomery postmaster's handstamped provisional (Oct. 25), and the other two have 5c Green Lithograph stamps (Nov. 29 without the smaller circle and Dec. 12 -- the cover offered here). The presence of post office markings on these covers, including datestamps dated the day before the Southern Express datestamp, indicates that the Southern Express agent (D. H. Brooks) made arrangements with the post office to carry mail after it had been properly prepaid and postmarked.

Ex Frank J. Engel (realized $3,000 in 1976 sale). With 1973 P.F. certificate (Image)

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E. $ 3,000-4,000

SOLD for $4,250.00
Will close during Public Auction
523   ImageSouthern Express Company Datestamps on General Issues. Three stamps, Nos. 1, 2 (H&L) and 4, each cancelled by Southern Express Co. double-circle datestamp, 10c with red Vicksburg Miss. office datestamp (Mar. 12), both 5c stamps thinned, 10c small tear, Fine-Very Fine appearance, the Vicksburg marking is extremely rare (this is the only reported example of the double-circle) (Image)

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E. $ 500-750

SOLD for $550.00
Will close during Public Auction
524 c ImageSouthern Express Co. Richmond, Va. May 21. Partly readable strike of double-circle datestamp on cover to Milledgeville Ga., sender's endorsement "Per Southern Express Company } Valuable $140.00", pencil "Ex $1.25 paid by G&C", backflap cut away but wax seal remains with "PUBLIC SEAL, RICHMOND, CONTENTS UNKNOWN" imprint, small tear at bottom, Fine, scarce example of valuable mail carried by express (Image)

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E. $ 400-500

SOLD for $325.00
Will close during Public Auction
525 c ImageHarnden's Express. Imprint on buff cover addressed to C.S.A. Vice President Alexander H. Stephens in Richmond Va., "Fort Gaines Ga. Jun. 13" (1862) circular datestamp and "Paid" straightline, manuscript "Chg Box 83", top flap removed as usual for this correspondence, receipt docketing "Capt F. T. Cullens, Fort Gaines Ga. June 12th, 1862, Wants some position in the Army 'not below his old rank'", slightly reduced at top and small nicks, otherwise Very Fine, ex Ballard (Image)

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E. $ 500-750

SOLD for $650.00
Will close during Public Auction
526 c Image5c Blue, Stone 2 (4). Clear to ample margins, bright shade, tiny corner crease, tied by "Charleston S.C. Apr. 19, 1862" double-circle datestamp on buff cover to Winnsboro S.C. with "Adams Southern Express" imprint, Extremely Fine, a very scarce imprint cover with the 5c Blue Lithograph, this was not sent by express, the Adams agent in Charleston in 1860 was W. Woodward (Image)

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E. $ 500-750

SOLD for $800.00
Will close during Public Auction
527 c Image10c Blue, Die A (11). Large to huge margins, spectacular bright color and proof-like impression, tied by circle of 16 wedges fancy cancel, "Harrisonburg Va. Dec. 9" (ca. 1863) circular datestamp on buff cover to Staunton Va. with "The Adams Express Company, Winchester, Va." imprint" neatly crossed out in pen before mailing, tiny piece of backflap missing, Extremely Fine and pristine, a "trifecta" -- beautiful stamp, scarce cancel and unusual use -- ex Antrim (Image)

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E. $ 500-750

SOLD for $3,250.00
Will close during Public Auction
528 c ImageForwarded by the Pioneer Express Co. from Mobile, Ala. Black on yellow label affixed to back of cover with Wm. T. Marshall Grocer blue cameo corner card, Eaves imprint, addressed to Mrs. J. J. S. Smith in care of Jno. C. Boyle, Macon Miss., manuscript "$78 20/100" content notation and "Collect 50c" express charge, 5c Green, Stone 2 (1) very defective and cancelled by crossed pen lines, remnants of red wax seal on back, cover opened on three sides, tears (one thru corner of label), this is the only recorded example of this Pioneer Express label, assuming the untied 5c stamp originated on this cover, then it is a Confederate-period use; however, there are no other corroborating markings, so it must be offered on its own merits and its 1973 P.F. certificate which states "genuine with stamp and Pioneer Express label defective" (Image)

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E. $ 1,000-1,500

SOLD for $550.00
Will close during Public Auction
529   ImagePioneer Express Company, Mobile, Ala. 1862, 21 Jul. Clear strike of greenish blue circular datestamp on piece of a front only (printed insurance form on back), addressed to Macon Miss. with "($50) dollars enclosed" money package endorsement across top, manuscript "(Pai)d 2/-" express charge (two bits, or 25c), 10c Rose (5) affixed at lower left and cancelled by two pen strokes, the bottom right torn and repaired, vertical folds in piece, extremely choice strike of this rare express company marking, of which two are reported, as for the presence of the 10c Rose, the rate is correctly paid and the stamp would be expected to have a pen cancel; however, at the very least it has been moved from its original position on this reduced piece, and there is simply no means to establish that it definitely originated -- a remarkable and well-known item offered on its own merits -- illustrated in Special Routes (page 204), accompanied by a letter and article by Antrim about this cover and the Pioneer Express Company, he gives the provenance as ex Knapp, Richey, Antrim, Frazier and Baker (Image)

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E. $ 1,000-1,500

SOLD for $1,100.00
Will close during Public Auction

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