Login to Use StampAuctionNetwork. New Member? Click "Register".
StampAuctionNetwork Extended Features
Visit the following Auction Calendars:
More Useful Information:
For Auction Firms:
AN IMPORTANT ACROSS-THE-LINES EXPRESS USE, SHOWING THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE HARNDEN'S LABEL FROM ITS OFFICE AT AMERICUS, GEORGIA.
The cover has been torn in half down the center and
through the 3c pair. In addition, much of the bottom stamp of the 3c pair was torn off, apparently to reveal the "10" rate handstamp. For the purpose of improving its appearance, document repair tape has been used to seal the tear, and the back of
the cover bearing the Harndens label has been folded up for display. Considering that this extraordinary express cover is the only recorded example of its kind, collectors are advised to overlook the condition factors.
Adams Express Company
retained the Harnden name at certain offices in Georgia, because of the Harnden firm's reputation there. The Harnden oval handstamps used at Macon and Savannah are very rare. This cover was evidently sent by Adams (Harnden) messenger from Americus,
Georgia, to the office at Louisville. As required by regulations, Confederate postage was prepaid. The Adams office at Louisville correctly applied new stamps -- it is not clear why the letter was re-rated 6c rather than 3c -- and they put it into
the regular Federal mails for New York City.
Special Routes Census No. N-AD-38. Ex Nunnelley and Walske (Image)
Search for comparables at SiegelAuctions.com
EXTREMELY FINE. THE FINEST OF ONLY SEVEN RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE ADAMS BALTIMORE OFFICE DATESTAMP, OF WHICH THREE WERE
DATESTAMPED AT THE ADAMS OFFICE IN AUGUSTA. A WONDERFUL COMBINATION OF MARKINGS.
Adams made extensive use of its own distribution network and relied less on the postal systems for delivery. Initially, Adams' southbound mails were collected at
New York, Baltimore or Boston and bagged for delivery to the major distributing offices in the C.S.A. at Augusta, Memphis or Knoxville. Northbound mails were apparently handled similarly in the reverse direction. These bags were not opened in transit
through Louisville or Nashville, so surviving letters carry no express markings from either city unless they originate from them. On July 4, 1861, the C.S.A. seized all of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad rolling stock in Tennessee, so the trains
no longer crossed the lines. From this point forward, couriers carried the mail across the lines on horseback. This also entailed a change in how Adams handled its express mail, as Louisville increasingly became the major distributing office for both
northbound and southbound mail. Accordingly, Adams' Louisville express markings begin to appear on all southbound mail starting around July 17 and on all northbound mail starting around July 4. Further, Nashville became the principal distributing
office in the C.S.A. for southbound mail starting around August 1. The cover offered here is an early and rare example of routing through Augusta with the Augusta office's oval datestamp used in conjunction with the Baltimore origin marking. Only
three such covers are recorded in the Special Routes book (Census Nos. S-AD-13, 16 and 20). Notations on Adams covers from Baltimore, such as the "Signatures enclosed" on this cover, are believed to indicate a form of censorship on mail
from this city where there was strong pro-secession sentiment.
Special Routes Census No. S-AD-16. Ex Emerson and Hall . (Image)
FINE. ONE OF FOUR ACROSS-THE-LINES EXPRESS
COVERS WITH THE ADAMS BOSTON OFFICE DATESTAMP.
The Special Routes census lists three across-the-lines covers from Boston (Nos. S-AD-18, 54 and 66). This fourth cover from the Antrim collection was apparently acquired by Dr. Brandon
through private treaty and was not recorded in the Special Routes census. It is unusual in that there are no markings applied at Louisville or Nashville. An earlier Adams Boston office cover, dated July 6 and addressed to Greenwood Tenn.,
entered the C.S.A. mails at Memphis. Later covers (August 2 and 9) entered the mails at Nashville. This cover, dated July 11, was apparently carried by Adams to Richmond and never entered the C.S.A. mails, which explains the absence of C.S.A.
postage. The Adams ads in northern newspapers stated that letters had to be enclosed in 3c stamped envelopes, and the rate was 35c, which included Confederate postage.
Ex Antrim (according to Ashbrook notation on back). (Image)
comparables at SiegelAuctions.com
VERY FINE. ONE OF THE FINEST OF THE SEVEN RECORDED COVERS WITH THE ADAMS EXPRESS COMPANY'S PHILADELPHIA OFFICE MARKING.
Special Routes Census No. S-AD-70 (Image)
VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE COMBINATION OF ADAMS EXPRESS NEW YORK AND AUGUSTA OFFICE MARKINGS FOR
ACROSS-THE-LINES EXPRESS SERVICE TO NORTH CAROLINA.
Only a few covers are recorded with this combination of Adams office markings. This cover was sent during the early period when Adams southbound mail was not postmarked at Louisville or
Nashville. In this case, it was carried in the Adams network to Augusta and entered the C.S.A. mails there.
The Adams New York oval handstamp is extremely rare, and collectors should be aware that a number of clever fakes were handled by John A.
Fox, which have only recently been properly identified. Genuine strikes are much rarer than the auction record would indicate.
Special Routes Census No. S-AD-19
EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF TWO RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE AMERICAN LETTER EXPRESS POSTAGE DUE LABEL. THIS IS THE ONLY ONE USED WITH A STAMP.
The American Letter Express Company advertised its across-the-lines mail service
with a basic rate of 15c. Their instructions stated: "Enclosing 15 cents in money. This prepays all expenses to its destination. The rates here given are for letters not exceeding half ounce in weight... Do not use U.S. stamps or stamped envelopes,
they are valueless when coming from the Confederate States."
Evidently some letters were received without the requisite prepayment, and these were delivered to the recipient postage due. Only two examples of the postage due label prepared by
American Letter Express are recorded in the Special Routes book -- this cover and one addressed to France. They were both postmarked at Louisville on August 15 (the book mis-dates this cover as August 16). It is possible that the label was
only used on one batch of mail forwarded from Nashville and was thereafter discontinued as impractical.
Special Routes Census No. N-AX-9. Ex Needham, Antrim and Weatherly (Image)
VERY FINE. A REMARKABLE ADAMS EXPRESS COMPANY ILLUSTRATED ADVERTISING COVER USED
ON THE FIRST DAY OF THE CONFEDERATE POSTAL SYSTEM WITH THE UNITED STATES STAMP NOT RECOGNIZED AS POSTAGE AND THE "PAID 5" APPLIED TO INDICATE PAYMENT OF THE NEW CONFEDERATE RATE.
Bonsacks, located in Roanoke County, Virginia, was one of the
stops on the Virginia Central Railroad. Presumably there was an Adams Express office in the town. (Image)