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Postal History continued...

The Gould Correspondence
LotNo. Symbol Lot Description
1181 cover image1883-1900, selection of three envelopes and a 2s postal stationery card to Portland, Maine, with 1883 2s postal card from Yokohama, canceled by small rosette, two envelopes sent during the disruption and closure of the Japanese P.O. in Shanghai due to the Sino-Japanese War comprising 1894 (Sept. 24) cover from Paotingfu and 1895 (June 21) cover from Tungchow each bearing Koban 5s, canceled by "Nagasaki/Japan" c.d.s., both with original enclosures, and 1900 envelope bearing Koban 10s (small tear), boldly canceled by "Kioto/Japan" c.d.s. in violet, overall Very Fine. (Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4) (Image5) (Image6) (Image7) (Image8) (Image9) (Image10) (Image11) (Image12) (Image13)

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Est. HK$4,000-5,000
Selling for...HK$2,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
1182 cover image1893 (Sept. 23-25) envelope from Deer Island and Fusan to Portland, Maine, via Kobe (Oct. 1), Yokohama, and San Francisco (Nov. 1) bearing Koban 5s, canceled by "I.J.P.O. Ninsen/Meiji 26" c.d.s. (Sept. 25), transit and arrival c.d.s. (Nov. 11) on front or back, with original enclosures and drawing of "a bit of Fusan scenery, insignificant cover faults, Very Fine and rare. (Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4) (Image5) (Image6) (Image7) (Image8) (Image9) (Image10)

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Est. HK$4,000-5,000
Selling for...HK$2,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
1183 cover image1893 (Oct. 1)-96 (Nov. 10), selection of four 2s postal stationery cards from Paotingfu (3) and Tientsin to Portland, Maine, each showing "Shanghai/ Local Post" transit c.d.s. in blue (3) or red, then passed to the Japanese P.O. in Shanghai, where the indicia canceled for transmission overseas, various transit c.d.s. including Yokohama, Kobe, Vancouver, and Boston, Fine to Very Fine. (Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4) (Image5) (Image6) (Image7)

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Est. HK$1,800-2,200
Selling for...HK$900.00
Will close during Public Auction
1184 cover image1893 (Oct. 25)-99, selection of eight envelopes from Paotingfu or Peking to Portland, Maine, bearing two 5s single frankings and 1s + 4s (vertical split), canceled by "I.J.P.O./Shanghai/Meiji…" "26" or "27" c.d.s. or "Shanghai/I.J.P.O." c.d.s., and 5s single franking, three 10s single frankings and 10s double franking (small defects), canceled by "I.J.P.O./Tientsin/Meiji 27" c.d.s. or "Tientsin/I.J.P.O." c.d.s. in violet (3) or black, most with original enclosures, excellent strikes of the cancellations, mostly Fine to Very Fine. (Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4) (Image5) (Image6) (Image7) (Image8) (Image9) (Image10) (Image11) (Image12) (Image13) (Image14) (Image15) (Image16) (Image17) (Image18) (Image19) (Image20) (Image21) (Image22) (Image23) (Image24) (Image25) (Image26) (Image27) (Image28) (Image29) (Image30) (Image31) (Image32) (Image33) (Image34) (Image35) (Image36) (Image37) (Image38) (Image39) (Image40) (Image41)

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Est. HK$8,000-10,000
Selling for...HK$4,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
1185 cover image1894-1906, two envelopes from Paotingfu and Peitaiho to Portland, Maine, comprising 1894 (Oct. 9) cover from Paotingfu bearing 5c, canceled by "U.S. Postal Agency/Shanghai/1" duplex, sent during the Sino-Japanese War when the Japanese Post Office in Shanghai was closed, and 1906 (July 28) cover from Peitaiho bearing 2c, canceled by "Shanghai, China/U.S. Postal Sta./1" duplex, with original enclosures, Fine to Very Fine. (Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4) (Image5) (Image6) (Image7) (Image8) (Image9) (Image10) (Image11) (Image12) (Image13) (Image14) (Image15) (Image16) (Image17)

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Get Market Data for [China 1894-1906.]

Est. HK$1,500-2,000
Selling for...HK$1,300.00
Will close during Public Auction
1186 cover image1894 (Apr. 1-13) envelope containing letters written at beginning of a trip between Paotingfu and Tungchow to Portland, Maine, showing on reverse "I.J.P.O. Ninsen/Meiji 27" c.d.s. (Apr. 22), and bearing on front Koban 5s, canceled by "I.J.P.O. Chefoo/Meiji 27" c.d.s., with "Kobe Japan/Meiji 27" c.d.s. (Apr. 30) and "Paquebot" framed handstamp adjacent, with Yokohama (May 18) and San Francisco transit c.d.s. as well as Porland arrival c.d.s. (May 27) on reverse, with original enclosures; stamp has small fault at right and the cover roughly opened at left, Fine to Very Fine and an exceptional routing from North China through the Japanese Post Office in Korea (Ninsen) to its Post Office in Chefoo for the United States by the Pacific route. (Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4) (Image5) (Image6) (Image7) (Image8) (Image9)

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Get Market Data for [China 1894.04.01]

Est. HK$3,000-4,000
Selling for...HK$1,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
1187 cover image1894 (Apr. 4) envelope from Paotingfu to Portland, Maine (May 26), via Imperial Post Office in Tientsin (Apr. 13 dollar dater in blue) and Shanghai (Apr. 19), and Yokohama (Apr. 27), showing "Post Office/Paoting" tombstone handstamp, in combination with Koban 10s with framed "I.P.O." tie-print and "Shanghai/I.J.P.O." c.d.s. (Apr. 20), with original enclosure, the Koban has two vertical splits/creases, Fine to Very Fine appearance. (Image1)

Est. HK$2,500-3,000
Selling for...HK$1,300.00
Will close during Public Auction
1188 cover image1894 (Aug. 13) envelope from Tientsin to Portland, Maine (Sept. 14), via Yokohama (Aug. 25), showing "Shanghai/Local Post" c.d.s. (Aug. 20) in blue on reverse and bearing on front two Koban 5s, canceled by "Kobe/Japan" c.d.s. (Aug. 24), overall Very Fine and an exceptional postal history usage, an important cover sent from North China at the beginning of the Sino-Japanese War, with a highly unusual routing, since the Japanese Post Office in Shanghai was closed due to the hostilities.,

The First Sino-Japanese War broke out on July 25, 1894, following the Battle of Asan, due to Japanese efforts to expel Chinese troops from Korea and claim Japanese suzerainty. War between China and Japan was officially declared on August 1, 1894, and the conflict lasted until April 17, 1895. The result was Japanese victory, and China lost its influence and control over Korea, as well as ceding several territories to Japan, including Taiwan and the Laidong Peninsula. During the War, the Japanese Post Office in Shanghai was closed. It was primarily the French Post Office in Shanghai which took control over the mail originally handled by the Japanese Post Office in Shanghai. This included the mails to the United States.

The above letter explains the unusual handling of this cover by the Japanese, who, on a few rare occasions, had the mail normally carried by the Japan Steamship Company instead contracted to English steamers.

The contents of Annie Gould's letter contained within this cover offer a fascinating contemporary eyewitness account of the above phenomeon. Somewhat ironically, she also refers to her own mortality during this conflict. Written from Tientsin on August 13, 1894, she begins:

"You will have the war news before this time. Japan and China are at war, cause?- Japan was quarreling at home, also said China had done nothing for Corea in all the years they held possession, so Japan picked a quarrel with China. Well, China has sent out proclamations to say that the war is only with Japan and everything will be done to protect other foreigners. The only thing we have to fear is from deserting or disorderly Chinese soldiers. At Paotingfu I think there will be little or no danger. In some other provinces it would be more dangerous….
Don't any of you worry till you hear I am dead or have been generally mauled and abused.
The mails come and go as before. The Japan Mail Co. has hired English steamers to do the mail carrying."
. (Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4)

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Get Market Data for [China 1894.08.13]

Est. HK$8,000-10,000
Selling for...HK$4,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
1189 cover image1894 (Nov. 3)-95 (Feb. 4), selection of six envelopes from Paotingfu to Portland, Maine, two covers show "Customs/Tientsin" and "Customs/Shanghai" double-ring datestamps on reverse and two others have "Shanghai/Local Post" c.d.s. in blue on reverse, all sent during the Sino-Japanese War when the Japanese Post Office in Shanghai was closed; four covers with original enclosures, stamps have some faults or ageing, generally Fine to Very Fine appearance. (Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4) (Image5) (Image6) (Image7) (Image8) (Image9) (Image10) (Image11) (Image12) (Image13) (Image14)

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Est. HK$4,000-5,000
Selling for...HK$2,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
1190 cover image1895 (Oct. 15)-98 (Apr. 25), extraordinary pair of 1c postal stationery cards from Paotingfu to Portland, Maine, via San Francisco, the first shows faint illegible strike of "Shanghai/Local Post" c.d.s. in blue and has indicia canceled by "U.S. Postal Agency/Shanghai" duplex (Nov. 2) and on reverse "U.S. Postal Agency, Shanghai/Rec'd" c.d.s. (Oct. 5), and the second with blue "Tientsin" (Apr. 3) and black "Shanghai" (May 5, intercalary month) dollar daters, with the indicia canceled by "U.S. Postal Agency/Shanghai" duplex (May 14) and on reverse San Francisco c.d.s. (Feb. 20), "U.S. Postal Agency, Shanghai/Rec'd" c.d.s. (Mar. 23) and "Tientsin" double-ring datestamp (Mar. 29) with "Customs" removed, endorsed in red ink "mailed Portland Feby 15 1898 3PM to see if 2¢ additional was required as it was on Japan-China cards. also to see how long time &c Re'd back Portland June 1898", some slight ageing or creasing, generally Fine to Very Fine and interesting origins as both cards were apparently sent from the U.S. to China for usage back to the United States. (Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4)

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Get Market Data for [China 1895.10.15]

Est. HK$3,000-4,000
Selling for...HK$1,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
1191 cover image1896 (Jan. 1)-1898 (Mar. 28), selection of six 2s postal stationery cards from Shanghai and Tientsin to Portland, Maine, canceled by "Shanghai/I.J.P.O." or "Tientsin/I.J.P.O." c.d.s., one of the latter uprated with Koban 2s (small defect) which is canceled in violet, Fine to Very Fine. (Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4) (Image5) (Image6) (Image7) (Image8) (Image9) (Image10)

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Est. HK$1,000-1,200
Selling for...HK$500.00
Will close during Public Auction
1192 cover image1896 (July 28) 2s postal stationery card from Paotingfu to Portland, Maine, via Kobe (Aug. 16), Yokohama (Aug. 20) and Vancouver (Sept. 2), canceled by "Tientsin/I.J.P.O." c.d.s. (Aug. 8) and showing superb strike of the rare "Ninsen/I.J.P.O." c.d.s. (Aug. 10) in brown, as well as other transit c.d.s., adjacent; remarkable and unusual routing of mail from North China to the United States through the Japanese Post Office in Korea; minor corner creasing at top right, Fine to Very Fine. (Image1) (Image2)

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Get Market Data for [China 1896.07.28]

Est. HK$4,000-5,000
Selling for...HK$2,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
1193 cover image1897 (Jan. 10-16) envelope from Paotingfu to Portland, Maine, via Yokohama (Feb. 18) and San Francisco (Mar. 8), showing "Postage Paid" straight-line handstamp in blue, matching "Customs/Tientsin" double-ring datestamp, over which Japan Koban 5s has been applied and cancelled by smudged c.d.s. of its Post Office in Shanghai, with "Customs/Shanghai" double-ring datestamp (Feb. 9) in brown, as well as transit and arrival (Mar. 23) c.d.s., on reverse, with original enclosures, Fine and scarce usage of this provisional Postage Paid handstamp during the transitional period between the Customs and Imperial Post. (Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4) (Image5) (Image6)

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Est. HK$8,000-10,000
Selling for...HK$4,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
1194 cover image1897 (Apr. 27)-98 (Aug. 28) 2s (2) and 4s postal stationery cards from Paotingfu, Tientsin, and Peitaiho to Portland, Maine, showing "Customs/Tientsin" double-ring datestamp in blue, "Tientsin" dollar dater, and "Tientsin" double-ring datestamp with "Customs" removed in blue respectively, accompanied by corresponding "Customs/Shanghai" double-ring datestamp in brown or "Shanghai" dollar dater in blue or black, a few small faults, generally Fine to Very Fine. (Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4) (Image5) (Image6)

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Est. HK$3,000-4,000
Selling for...HK$1,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
1195 cover image1897 (June 18) envelope from Paotingfu to Portland, Maine (July 26), via Yokohama (July 8) and Vancouver (July 20), showing "Customs/Tientsin" double-ring datestamp (June 28) in blue and bearing Japan Koban 5s blue, canceled by "Shanghai/I.J.P.O." c.d.s. (July 8), with "Shanghai" dollar dater (July 2) in brown and other transit c.d.s. on reverse, with original enclosure, Very Fine and late usage of the Customs c.d.s. for Tientsin, which was replaced by the dollar dater on or around July 4, 1897,

The Tientsin Customs c.d.s. indicates prepayment in cash, subscriber's mail, or acceptance of foreign postage applied by the sender ("Postal Note, No. 14" of April 3, 1897).
(Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4) (Image5) (Image6)

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Est. HK$1,800-2,200
Selling for...HK$900.00
Will close during Public Auction
1196 cover image1897 (Oct. 4) envelope from Paotingfu to Portland, Maine (Nov. 11), via San Francisco (Nov. 6) bearing New Currency small figures surcharge on Dowager first printing 5c on 5ca, canceled by pakua in brown, matching "Tientsin" dollar dater, "Shanghai" dollar dater (Oct. 8) in blue (on reverse), in combination with Japan Koban 5s, canceled by "Shanghai/I.J.P.O." c.d.s. (Oct. 12), showing "Ctms/T" handstamp in violet with "12½" in blue crayon and "U.S. Charge/to Collect/5 cents" unframed handstamp, with on reverse U.S Postage Dues 1c and 2c pair applied on arrival, the surcharged 5c on 5ca has small fault at top and minor gum staining around perfs., Fine to Very Fine and highly unusual.,

The cover is pinned to an official correspondence between John M. Gould (Nov. 12, 1897) and the "Post Office Department, Office of Foreign Mails, Washington, D.C. November 16, 1897", concerning the additional postage due upon the envelope's arrival in the United States. The Superintendent of Mails referred Mr. Gould to the U.S. Ofiicial Postal Guide for January 1897 for an explanation of the rates and information about fully prepaid letters, which were accpted by the U.S. without additional charge.

However, the specific rate explanation offered by the Postal Department was outdated and, therefore, inaccurate. In actual fact, the 5 cents preferential rate to the United States through the Japanese Post Office had been eliminated on October1, 1897, and the rate was raised to 10 cents to conform to the U.P.U. rate, so the 5 cents underpayment was taxed.
(Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4)

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Est. HK$15,000-20,000
Selling for...HK$7,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
1197 cover image1897 (Nov. 23)-98 (May 24), pair of 2s postal stationery cards from Paotingfu to Portland, Maine, the first canceled by "Shanghai/I.J.P.O." c.d.s., showing handstruck "T" of the Chinese Imperial Post in red, "Ctms/T" and "U.S. Charge/to Collect/2 cents" handstamps in violet, with U.S. Postage Due 1c overlapping singles approriately applied, and the second uprated with Koban 2s, canceled by "Shanghai/I.J.P.O." c.d.s. (May 31), both with "Tientsin" and "Shanghai" dollar daters in brown, blue or black, and transit c.d.s. of Yokohama, and Tacoma or Boston, the first card has corner crease at lower left and a couple of light age spots, Fine to Very Fine and attractive. (Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4)

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Est. HK$4,000-5,000
Selling for...HK$2,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
1198 cover image1897 (Dec. 21-31), pair of 2s postal stationery cards from Tientsin or Paotingfu to Portland, Maine, the first canceled by "Tientsin/I.J.P.O." c.d.s. (Dec. 30) in violet, showing "Ctms/T" handstamp in violet and "U.S. Charge/to Collect/2 cents" handstamp, with U.S. Postage Due 1c pair approriately applied, and the second uprated with Koban 2s, canceled by "Tientsin/I.J.P.O." c.d.s. (Jan. 3) in violet, both with transit c.d.s. of "Shanghai/I.J.P.O.", Yokohama, and San Francisco or Boston, Very Fine and appealing pair of postal cards showing fully prepaid and underpaid usages. (Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4)

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Est. HK$4,000-5,000
Selling for...HK$2,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
1199 cover image1898 (Feb. 15) 2s postal stationery card from Paotingfu to Portland, Maine, canceled by "Shanghai/I.J.P.O." c.d.s. (Mar. 7), showing handstruck "T" of the Chinese Imperial Post in red, "Ctms/T" handstamp in violet, "SH/10" in circle and "Due 2 cents" handstamp in black, with U.S. Postage Due 2c approriately applied, with "Tientsin" dollar daters of "24 Feb 98" and "2 Mar 98" repesenting a slight delay in sending the card in the southbound mail, "Shanghai" dollar dater, and transit c.d.s. of Yokohama (Mar. 12) and Boston (Apr. 3), Very Fine and scarce. (Image1) (Image2)

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Est. HK$3,500-4,000
Selling for...HK$1,800.00
Will close during Public Auction
1200 cover image1898 (May 10) envelope from Paotingfu to Portland, Maine (June 13), via Yokohama (May 26) bearing I.C.P. 10c, canceled by pakua in blue, matching "Tientsin" double-ring datestamp (May 14) with "Customs" removed, in combination with Koban 5s vetical pair, canceled by "Shanghai/I.J.P.O." c.d.s. (May 19), with original enclosure, Fine to Very Fine and attractive. (Image1) (Image2) (Image3) (Image4)

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Est. HK$2,000-2,500
Selling for...HK$1,000.00
Will close during Public Auction

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