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United States Postal History continued...

Foreign Mails - 1859 to 1867 continued...
LotNo. Symbol CatNo. Lot Description
1021       image1862 (Mar. 29) New York, N.Y. to Bremen. Buff cover bearing 10¢ green (68) tied by red NYFM grid and matching "N. York Brem. Pkt. 'Paid 7' Mar 29" credit exchange cds, carried as endorsed by NGL Line Hansa from New York Mar. 29th to Bremen arriving Apr. 14th; cover tear on back, slightly reduced at left, Very Fine.
Estimate; $150 - 200. (Image1)
Est. $150-200
SOLD for $350.00
Will close during Public Auction
1022       image1863 (Oct 17) New York, N.Y. to Heidelburg, Germany. Civil War Eagle and Shield Patriotic envelope with "N.York, Hamb. Pkt. '3' Oct 17" debit exchange cds, carried by HAPAG Saxonia from New York Oct. 17th to Hamburg arriving Oct. 31st, Hamburg (10.31) arrival backstamp with blue ms. "22" and blue "4½ Sgr. / 6 Xr." due handstamps, black "22" handstamp, reverse with Frankfurt (11.2) and Heidelburg (11.2) arrival backstamp; cover wear and tear at left, Fine and scarce Civil War patriotic transatlantic use.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

Hamburg Thurn & Taxis post office marked 22 kreuzer due in Württemberg, and a two part handstamp in blue which showed 4½ silbergroschen (16 kreuzer) due for the international fee plus 6 kreuzer transit fee to Württemberg. Brackenheim added 2 kreuzer local fee for a total postage due of 24 kreuzer.
(Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $280.00
Will close during Public Auction
1023       image1863 (Oct. 17) New York, N.Y. to Berlin, Prussia. Cover with black "N. York Hamb. Pkt. '3' Oct 17" debit exchange cds, carried by Hapag Line Saxonia from New York Oct. 17th to Hamburg arriving Oct. 31st, Hamburg (10.31) backstamp and blue "6½" debit handstamp, Berlin (11.1) arrival backstamp and blue crayon "6½" due restated, ex-Winter.
Estimate; $150 - 200.

In late September 1863, the U.S. reduced its share of the international rate from 5¢ to 3¢ thus allowing Hamburg to renew its contract with the steamship line at a more favorable arrangement. The Prussian post office in Hamburg marked the blue "6½" handstamp to show the total postage due in Prussian currency. Later, a blue manuscript marking of the same value was marked for the postage due, probably at Berlin.
(Image1)
Est. $150-200
SOLD for $100.00
Will close during Public Auction
1024       image1863 (Dec. 8) Minnesota to France. Indistinct cds and matching four-ring target cancel tie 30¢ orange (71), rich shade, on cover to France, mistaken for Germany and sent in Prussian Closed Mail with bold red "Boston. Am. Pkt. '7 Paid' Dec 12" credit exchange cds, carried by Inman Line City of New York from New York Dec. 12th to Queenstown arriving Dec. 21st, red "Aachen, Franco 21/12" framed exchange, error discovered and sent back on Cunard Line Africa from Liverpool Dec. 26th to Boston Jan. 9th, red "Boston 'Paid 24' Jan 11" credit exchange cds, carried on Cunard Line Persia from New York Jan. 13th to Queenstown arriving Jan. 23rd, red Calais (1.23) entry cds and small "PD" framed handstamp, arrival backstamps; reduced slightly at right, otherwise Very Fine.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $230.00
Will close during Public Auction
1025       image1864 (Aug. 4) Halifax, Nova Scotia to Portland, Me. via Boston. Red "Halifax, Nova Scotia, Paid, Aug 4, 1864" tombstone postmark and matching "CTS/10" credit handstamp on Nova Scotia Railway corner card cover signed by "S. Flemin", carried by Cunard Line to Boston, bold red "Boston. Br. Pkt. '48 Paid' Aug 6" credit exchange cds, remailed back to Boston with "Portland Me., Aug 15, 1864" cds and matching circular grid cancels on 2¢ black (73) horizontal pair with left guilde-line s.e.; top edge flaws, F.-V.F. and unusual use.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

Sir Sanford Fleming was a pioneer Canadian Railway engineer, who also designed the first Canadian stamp, the 3d beaver of 1851.
(Image1)
Est. $200-300
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
1026       image1864 (Oct. 3) Strawberry Valley, Cal. to Wurttemberg, Germany via HAPAG Interrupted Voyage. Orange cover bearing 3¢ rose (65) and 12¢ black (69), cancelled by targets, matching partial "Strawberry Valley, Cak. Oct 3" cds, red "New York 'Paid 12' Oct 15" credit exchange cds, carried by HAPAG Line Saxonia from New York Oct. 15th to Southampton arriving Nov. 10th (two weeks late badly damaged by a gale), mails transferred to Bavaria sailing for Hamburg Nov. 10th with Saxonia's mail and passengers, reverse transits include Hamburg (11.12), Stuttgart (11.13) and Spaichingen (11.16) arrival cds, Very Fine and scarce interrupted HAPAG voyage.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)
Est. $300-400
SOLD for $250.00
Will close during Public Auction
1027       image1865 (c., Dec. 16) New York N.Y. to Vienna, Austria. Orange buff newspaper wrapper endorsed "Germany via Bremen", bearing 3¢ rose (65) tied by cross-roads cancel and New York large "Paid All" straightline applied, carried by NGL Line Bremen from New York Dec. 16th to Bremerhaven arriving Dec. 29th, partial blue "Bremen Franco" transit also ties 3¢ red crayon "2" kreuzer due, Vienna (1.2) arrival backstamps; cover tears and creases, Fine and scarce 3¢ printed matter use.
Estimate; $300 - 400.

Newspapers sent by either the Bremen or Hamburg Lines required 3¢ prepayment, which was to fully pay the newspaper to another part of the German-Austrian Postal Union. Apparently, the Austrians collected an additional 2 kreuzer local charge. Large 43x9 mm. PAID ALL applied at New York.
(Image1)
Est. $300-400
SOLD for $525.00
Will close during Public Auction
1028       image1866 (Mar. 2) Prairie du Chien, Wisc. to St. Affrique, France via Chicago. Mourning cover bearing 3¢ rose (65) and 12¢ black (69), tied by matching four-ring targets duplexed with "Prarie du Chien, Wis., 2 Mar '66" double-circle datestamp, blue "Chicago, Ill. '6' " debit exchange cds and matching "Insufficiently Prepaid" arched handstamp; carried by Allan Line North American from Portland Me. Mar. 11th to Londonderry arriving Mar. 25th, red Calais (3.26.66) entry cds and "16" decimes due handstamp, reverse with Paris (3.26) transit and St. Affrique (3.28) arrival cds; small edge flaws and wear, F.-V.F. and scarce Chicago "Insufficiently Prepaid" use.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $230.00
Will close during Public Auction
1029       image1867 (Jun. 22) New York, N.Y. to Braunschweig (Brunswick), Germany. Yellow cover with "N.York Hamb Pkt '3' Jun 22" exchange debit cds, carried by Hapag Line Cimbria from New York Jun. 22nd to Hamburg arriving July 4th, Hamburg (7.4) cds with large "" sbr. due handstamp; flap tear, Very Fine and choice, ex-Winter.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

The large blue "6½" handstamp was applied at the Prussian post office in Hamburg. This marking appeared in early 1866 as a replacement for the smaller version used in the early 1860s. Letter also marked for 6½ silbergroschen postage due in blue pencil at Braunschweig.
(Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $130.00
Will close during Public Auction
1030       image1867 (Sep. 8) Belleville, Ill. to Berlin, Prussia. Cork cancel duplexed with "Belleville, Ill. Sep. 8" cds on 3¢ pink (U59) entire, black "New York, Br. Transit, Sep 10" exchange backstamp and "Insufficiently Paid" straightline, carried by Cunard Cuba from Boston Sep. 11th to Queenstown arriving Sep. 20th, blue "Verviers, 26/9 III, Coeln" three-line backstamp and matching "unzureichend / frankiert" (Insufficiently Franked) two-line script handstamp, black "4 4/5" due rating crossed out in blue crayon and updated to "7", Very Fine.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $475.00
Will close during Public Auction
Foreign Mails - 1868 to 1875 and Balances
LotNo. Symbol CatNo. Lot Description
1031     89 image1868 (May 12) New York N.Y. to Berlin, Germany. Orange cover bearing 10¢ green, E grill (89) tied by NYFM circle of Vs fancy cancel, red "New York, Paid All, Direct, May 12" exchange cds, carried as endorsed by HAPAG Line Allemannia from New York May 12th to Hamburg arriving May 25th, red "Hamburg, Franco, 25/5 68" framed exchange, Berlin (5.26) arrival backstamp, Very Fine.
Scott No. 89; $425; Estimate $150 - 200. (Image1)
Scott $425
Est. $150-200

SOLD for $140.00
Will close during Public Auction
1032       image1868 (Nov. 24) Cincinnati, Ohio to Kusel, Bavaria. Orange cover bearing 15¢ black (77), well centered, tied by blue four-rings cancel duplexed with "Cincinnati O. Nov 24" cds, red "New York, Br. Transit, Nov 26" exchange cds, red "Verviers-Coeln Franco, 8/12" four-line exchange, Kusel (12.9) arrival backstamp; reduced slightly at right, otherwise Very Fine and attractive.
Estimate; $150 - 200. (Image1)
Est. $150-200
SOLD for $280.00
Will close during Public Auction
1033       image1869 (May 24) Lima, Peru to Downieville, Cal. Cover with "Legation of the United States of America, Lima, Perú" corner card and manuscript "Alvin P. Hovey, U.S. Minister" endorsement, entered mails with "San Francisco, Cal. Jun 12" cds with "Steam Panama" oval and bold "10" cent steamship due handstamp, with original matching May 24th 1869 "Legation U.S.A. Lima, Perú" letterhead enclosure signed by Hovey; cover faults and separations reinforced, F.-V.F. and scarce legation use.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)
Est. $300-400
SOLD for $550.00
Will close during Public Auction
1034       image1869 (Nov. 23) Vardal, Norway to Croper, Wisc. via Chicago. Light pink envelope with sharp "Vardal, 23/11, 1869" cds and large "3" due handstamp, endorsed "Via Bremen", Christiana (11.26) transit, Hamburg (11.27) backstamp; carried by HAPAG Line Cimbria from Hamburg Dec. 1st to New York arriving Dec. 15th closed bag to Chicago, "Chicago, Direct, Dec 17" exchange cds and matching bold "26/U.S. Notes" two-line depreciated currency handstamp, original letter accompanies; opened on three sides for display, some edge wear, Very Fine and scarce Chicago depreciated currency use.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)
Est. $300-400
SOLD for $250.00
Will close during Public Auction
1035       image1870 (Apr. 10) San Francisco, Cal. to Altona, Germany. Folded letter bearing 10¢ yellow (116, small corner creases), large margins and bright color, tied by circular cork cancel, matching "San Francisco, Cal. Apr 10" cds, red "Chicago, Paid All, Direct, Apr 17" exchange backstamp, carried by Hapag Holsatia from New York Apr. 19th to Hamburg arriving Apr. 29th, red "Hamburg, Franco, 1/5 70" framed transit, German (5.1) arrival backstamp and forwarded to Berlin with May 2nd arrival backstamp, F.-V.F., with 2021 P.F. certificate.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $130.00
Will close during Public Auction
1036       image1870 (Jun. 18) Montevideo, Uruguay to Boston, Mass. via London. Salmon envelope with "Correo, Montevideo, 18 Jun 70" origin cds, carried by Steamship "City of Limerick" from Montevideo Jun. 18th to Falmouth arriving Jul. 16th, red London (7.18) transit backstamp, then by Inman Line City of London from Liverpool Jul. 21st to New York arriving Aug. 2nd, closed bag to Boston, Boston (8.3) backstamp and matching "In U.S. Notes" straightline with blue crayon "32" cents due, pencil "32 cents paid" at top right, docketing at left, Very Fine and scarce Boston depreciated currency use from Uruguay.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $350.00
Will close during Public Auction
1037       image1870 (Oct. 15) New York N.Y. to Reichenberg, Austria. Folded cover endorsed "Circular" bearing 2¢ red brown (146) pair tied by NYFM circle of wedges (TR-W6) overpaying the 3¢ NGU direct circular rate, red "Paid All" straightline handstamp, carried as endorsed by Guion Line Wisconsin from New York Oct. 19th to Queenstown arriving Oct. 29th, Austria (11.1) arrival backstamp; 1870 docketing across face, minor bottom edge toning, Fine and scarce use.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

Weiss recorded only five covers bearing this cancel, this was not one of them. This is the only example not bearing an 1869 issue franking. In 1870, a special "book-packet" up to 1 oz. rate was introduced for circulars and charged 2¢ for direct mail and 3¢ for closed.
(Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $130.00
Will close during Public Auction
1038       image1873 (Dec. 11) Michigan City, Ind. to Hildesheim, Prussia. "Michigan City, Ind. Dec 11" duplex with four-bar grid cancel ties 1¢ blue (145) on 1¢ postal card (UX1), bold red "New York, Dec 13" exchange cds, carried by NGL Line Donau from New York Dec. 13th to Bremerhaven arriving Dec. 25th, 1873, Very Fine and choice, ex-Gundel.
Estimate; $500 - 750.

THE EARLIEST RECORDED USE OF THE 2¢ POSTAL CARD RATE TO GERMANY.

An additional article effective December 1, 1873 provided for a 2¢ rate for postal cards but limited the exchange to direct mail by Bremen or Hamburg.
(Image1)
Est. $500-750
SOLD for $1,100.00
Will close during Public Auction
1039       image1874 (Jun. 4) Harlem, N.Y. to Gifhorn, Hanover. "Harlem, Jan 4th '74" message dateline on 1¢ postal card (UX3) bearing 1¢ blue (156) tied by NYFM circle of open carets fancy cancel, partial red "New York, Jun 6" exchange cds carried by NGL Line Main from New York Jun. 6th to Bremerhaven arriving Jun. 20th, Gifhorn (6.21) framed arrival, Very Fine.
Estimate; $150 - 200. (Image1)
Est. $150-200
SOLD for $110.00
Will close during Public Auction
1040       image1875 (Jun. 19) Havana, Cuba to Schönbach dei Löbau, Saxony. Cover bearing Cuba 50c green pair cancelled by blue "P.C" in circle handstamps, some gum toning, blue merchant "Alvarez Valle y Ca, Habana, Jun 19, 1875" double-oval flap seal, black "New York, Jun 26" exchange cds and matching "UNPAID" framed and "7" cent due handstamps, carried by NGL Line Rhein from New York Jun. 26th to Bremerhaven arriving Jul. 8th, black "Aus Westindien/über Newyork." framed handstamp and updated with blue crayon "80" pfennings due, Schönbach (7.9) arrival backstamp, ex-Kouri, with 1989 P.F. certificate.
Estimate; $1,000 - 1,500.

ONE OF ONLY 7 RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE BREMEN "AUS WESTINDIEN/ÜBER NEWYORK." HANDSTAMP.

Cuba stamps were not recognized since it did not become a member of the U.P.U. until May 1, 1877.

This cover is important because it shows postage due in the 1875 single German currency (1 Mark = 100 pfennings). Since it arrived after the General Postal Union became effective on July 1, 1875, the U.S. transit fee was crossed out. Postage due was 50 pf. Direct Mail rate plus 30 pf US Transit = 80 pfennings (8 sgr in old currency).
(Image1)
Est. $1,000-1,500
SOLD for $900.00
Will close during Public Auction

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