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United States Postal History continued...

Foreign Mails - 1853 to 1858 continued...
LotNo. Symbol CatNo. Lot Description
981       image(French Retaliatory Rates) 1853 (Feb. 8) Philadelphia, Pa. to Cognac, France. Folded letter with blue "Philadelphia Pa. Feb 8" cds and red "Paid" handstamp with red manuscript "21" prepaid rating for British open mail rate by British packet, red "New-York Br. Pkt. Feb 9" exchange cds, carried by Cunard Line Africa from New York Feb. 9th to Liverpool arriving Feb. 23rd, Calais (2.24) entry cds with "13" décimes due handstamp for 7½ to 15 grams; small edge flaws, F.-V.F., a scarce second retaliatory rate period usage (January 24 to February 10, 1853), ex-Winter.
Estimate; $500 - 750.

THE ONLY RECORDED COVER FROM PHILADELPHIA DURING THIS RETALIATORY PERIOD.

The Retaliatory Rate Period of 24 January to 10 February, 1853

Due to miscommunication, U.S. Postmaster General Hubbard thought that double sea postage was being charged on letters to France carried via American packets in the British open mail. This had been the case, but Hubbard was unaware that the French had already corrected the inequity by lowering their rate to the U.S. from 15 decimes to 13 decimes. Hubbard's new rate was 21 cents regardless of whether a letter was carried by British or American packet. Hubbard's misapprehension was corrected, and the retaliation was suspended after only 17 days.
(Image1)
Est. $500-750
SOLD for $500.00
Will close during Public Auction
982       image1853 (Mar. 11) Dresden, Germany to Philadelphia Pa. Datelined folded letter with "Dresden" origin cds and various ms. and crayon ratings, Leipzig (3.13) and Berlin (3.16) transit backstamps, red "Aachen" transit with "Paid 25cts." rectangular and "Brit: Packet" half-moon handstamps, carried by Cunard Line Niagara from Liverpool Mar. 19th to Boston arriving Apr. 1st, red "Boston, Br. Pkt. '30 Paid' Apr 1" exchange cds; edge wear, otherwise Very Fine and colorful use.
Estimate; $150 - 200. (Image1)
Est. $150-200
SOLD for $100.00
Will close during Public Auction
983       image1853 (Jul. 28) Benares, India to Troy, N.Y. Datelined gray folded letter with reddish "Benares, Jul 28, 1853" framed backstamp along with red "Calcutta G.P.O., 1 AG 1, 1853" framed backstamp and matching "INDIA" framed handstamp, red London (9.19) transit backstamp and manuscript "44" debit rating, sharp "New.York, Am. Packet, Oct 3" exchange cds and "65" due handstamp, Very Fine.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $250.00
Will close during Public Auction
984       image1854 (Apr. 20) Cleveland, Oh. to Baureuth, Bavaria. Buff cover bearing 5¢ red brown (12), full to large margins, tied by "Washington, Iowa May 14" cds, black "New York, Br. Pkt. '23' May 19" debit exchange datestamp, red Aachen (6.2) transit backstamp and blue ms. "45" kreuzer due marking, Baureuth (6.4) arrival backstamp; some overall wear, expertly repaired along edges incl. top flap reattached, still Very Fine and scarce use, ex-Rohloff, Mayer.
Estimate; $750 - 1,000.

THE ONLY RECORDED USAGE OF THE OF THE 5¢ 1856 ISSUE TO BAVARIA, AND ONE OF ONLY SEVEN RECORDED SINGLE FRANKINGS TO GERMANY. (Image1)
Est. $750-1,000
SOLD for $500.00
Will close during Public Auction
985       image1854 (c., Jun. 23) New York N.Y. to Reichenberg, Bohemia. Cover showing "Saint Louis Mo. Jun 23" cds with matching "Paid" and "Paid." handstamps, red "20" rating handstamp, red "New-York, Jul 1" exchange backstamp and black "Paid Part" straightline, carried by Harve Line Union from New York Jul. 1st to Southampton arriving Jul. 15th, then by ship to Bremerhaven, red "America/über Bremen" two-line handstamp, reverse with Magdeburg-Leipzig, Minden (7.19) and Bodenbach (7.21) backstamps, red crayon "29", black crayon and blue ms. "9" kr. due ratings for GAPU fee; some wear and light soiling, F.-V.F.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

New York marked PAID PART as only the postage to Bremen was prepaid.
(Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $425.00
Will close during Public Auction
986       image1855 (Jun. 12) Bordeaux, France to New Orleans, La. Folded letter with orange Bordeaux (6.13) origin cds and matching "P.P." framed handstamp, carried by Cunard Line America from Liverpool Jun. 23 to Boston arriving Jul. 6, black ""Boston Br. Pkt. '5' Jul 6"" debit exchange cds, black "N.O.U.S. City Post, Jul 13" for carrier service, Very Fine and scarce New Orleans City Post use, ex-Winter.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)
Est. $300-400
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
987       image1855 (Jan. 29) Richmond Va. to London, England, forwarded to Frankfurt, Germany. Cover with blue "Richmond Va., Jan 29" cds and matching "Paid" and "5" rating handstamps, red "New-York, Br. Pkt., Feb 13" exchange cds, carried by Cunard Line sent to London in British Open Mail, forwarded to Frankfurt via France with red Paris (3.1) transit with "12" decimes due handstamp, returned to London and resent via Aachen with London (3.2) Maltese cross, partial red Aachen transit backstamp and blue ms. "23" sgr. due rating, "3½ Groschen" debit handstamp; Frankfurt (3.5) arrival backstamp; no flap, edge faults and wear, Fine and unusual forwarded use.
Estimate; $150 - 200. (Image1)
Est. $150-200
SOLD for $100.00
Will close during Public Auction
988       image1855 (Apr. 4) Fort Ridgely, Minnesota Territory to Altingen, Wurttemberg. Manuscript "Ft Ridgley, Apr 4" postmark and "Paid 19" rating on 3¢ red (U10) buff entire, red "N.York, U.S. Pkt. '8 Paid' May 19" credit exchange cds, carried by Ocean Line Hermann from New York May 19th to Bremerhaven arriving Jun. 6th, blue "America/über Bremen/Franco" three-line exchange, Frankfurt (6.8) transit backstamp; edge wear, Fine.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $140.00
Will close during Public Auction
989       image1855 (Jun. 3) New Orleans La. to Gènes (Genoa), Sardinia, Italy. Blue printed circular with blue "Printed Circular / Per Steamer" two-line company handstamp and bearing 1¢ blue (9) vertical pair, large to huge margins except in at left, tied by partial "New Orleans La., Jun 3" cds, red "Arrivo, Genova" (6.29.55) arrival backstamp and manuscript "17½" centesimi due rating, Very Fine.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)
Est. $300-400
SOLD for $450.00
Will close during Public Auction
990       image1855 (Jun. 17) New Orleans La. to Vienna, Austria. Gray folded cover bearing 1¢ blue (9) horizontal pair, pos. 53-54R1L tied by "New Orleans, La. Jun 17" cds, "Printed Circular" top left handstamp, red Calais (7.9.55) transit cds, red Vienna (7.14) arrival backstamp and blue ms. "3" due rating; top edge staining, horizontal fold, F.-V.F. and scarce printed matter use.
Estimate; $150 - 200. (Image1)
Est. $150-200
SOLD for $850.00
Will close during Public Auction
991       image1855 (Jul. 24) Pierpont Place, Texas to Berlin, Prussia. Manuscript postmark and "Paid 63" rating on manuscript canceled 3¢ red (U9) Nesbitt entire addressed to the Royal Highness Prince Frederic of Prussia, endorsed "via Prussian Closed Mail", red "N.York 'Paid 14' Am. Pkt. Aug 8" cds, Aug. 22nd arrival backstamp; edge wear and flaws, Very Fine.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $210.00
Will close during Public Auction
992       image1856 (Aug. 4) Reading Pa. to Sachsenhausen, Coeln, Prussia. Orange cover bearing two 12¢ gray black (17) singles, margins clear to barely in, and two 3¢ dull red (11A) singles, stamps artfully placed at all four corners of the cover, tied by either grids or "Reading Pa. Aug. 4" cds, red "N. York, Br. Pkt. 'Paid 7' Aug 6" credit exchange cds, carried by Cunard Line Persia from New York Aug. 6th to Liverpool arriving Aug. 15th, red "Aachen, Franco 17/8" framed handstamp, Coeln (8.17) receiving backstamp; trivial cover stain at top, Very Fine and colorful attractively franked cover at the 30¢ Prussian Closed Mail rate, ex-J & J, Corey Long.
Estimate; $750 - 1,000. (Image1)
Est. $750-1,000
SOLD for $625.00
Will close during Public Auction
993       image1857 (Jan. 20) Philadelphia Pa. to Paris, France forwarded to Rome. Light buff cover with red "Philadelphia Pa., Paid, Jan 20" origin exchange cds and matching "Paid 21" cent prepaid rating for 5¢ inland plus 16¢ American packet, carried by Ocean Line Constitution from New York Jan. 24th to Southampton arriving Feb. 7th, red London (2.10) transit backstamp and "GB/40c" accounting handstamp, Calais (2.10) entry cds and matching "5" décimes due handstamp, blue "Greene & Ca." forwarding oval to Rome, dropped into post box with red "Trouvé á bôite" framed handstamp struck, Paris (2.11) cds and manuscript "20" décimes due rating, red "VIA DI MARE" straightline for "By Sea" Marseilles to Civitavecchia, red Rome (2.14) arrival backstamp; partial flap; folds.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

Under the 1856 Anglo-French treaty, effective 1 January 1857 the fee charged to France by Great Britain for unpaid letters transiting the U.K. was reduced from 40 décimes to only 40 centimes per ounce. Senders in America paid the same amount, but recipients in France saw a steep reduction in postage due. Because the U.S-French treaty was not effective until April 1, the first quarter of 1857 is often called the Three Month Period by collectors. Few covers are known from Philadelphia.
(Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $290.00
Will close during Public Auction
994       image(Mistaken 24¢ Rate) 1857 (Mar. 12) Brownstown, Mich. to Haiger, Nassau, Germany. Buff cover with "Brownstown, Mich. Mar 12" cds and manuscript "Paid 24cts" rating, red "N.York 'Paid 8' U.S. Pkt. Mar 21" credit exchange cds, carried by Ocean Line Hermann from New York Mar. 21st to Bremerhaven arriving Apr. 6th, blue "America/über Bremen/Franco" three-line exchange, red crayon "1" marking, reverse with Frankfurt (4.8) and Haiger (4.9.57) two-line arrival; small edge tear, F.-V.F.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

There was a widespread misapprehension in the latter half of the 1850's that a 24¢ rate to Germany existed. This misunderstanding appears to have been due to misinformation in a letter-writing guide sold to German immigrants.
(Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $100.00
Will close during Public Auction
995       image1857 (Sep. 2) Albany, N.Y. to Gotha, Saxony, Germany. Light buff cover with unusual printed "To be forwarded by the first Prussian Closed Mail via Liverpool. Paid for all the way through." endorsement at top, bearing 10¢ green (33) strip of three, s.e. at left, tied by two strikes of "Albany N.Y., Sep 2" cds and matching "Paid" h.s. at left, red "N.York, Am. Pkt. '7' Sep 5" credit exchange cds, carried by Vanderbilt Line North Star from New York Sep. 5th to Southampton arriving Sep. 17th, red "Aachen, Franco 19/9" framed transit, Gotha (9.21) arrival backstamp; reduced at left and corner clipped, no flap, Fine.
Estimate; $150 - 200. (Image1)
Est. $150-200
SOLD for $170.00
Will close during Public Auction
996       image1858 (Jun. 1) New York to Lorch, Württemberg. Cover with "N. York Hamb. Pkt. '10' Jun 1" exchange debit cds, carried by Hapag Line Austria from New York Jun. 1st to Hamburg arriving Jun. 16th, Lorch (6.18) arrival backstamp with red crayon "57" kr. due rating, Very Fine, Very Fine, Covers showing double rating in the U.S. and single rating in Germany are uncommon, as are covers by Hamburg mail at the 22¢ equivalent rate., ex-Winter.
Estimate; $150 - 200.

New York weighed letter at greater than ½ oz. (14.25 grams) and debited Hamburg 2x5¢=10¢. The Hamburg Thurn & Taxis post office marked letter for 2x6¾=13½ silbergroschen (2x15¢ equivalent) international rate plus 9 kreuzer for transit fee to Württemberg, the fee for a single weight letter of 1 loth (16 2/3 grams). Since 13½ sgr. was equal to 48 kreuzer, the total postage due was 57 kreuzer.
(Image1)
Est. $150-200
SOLD for $260.00
Will close during Public Auction
997       image1858 (Jun. 19) New Orleans La. to Vienna, Austria. Blue folded printed circular with blue company "Printed Circular" framed handstamp at top right and bearing 1¢ blue, type Va (24 var.) pos. 63-64R5 pair, scissor trimmed, tied by partial New Orleans cds, endorsed "via Ostende", carried by Cunard Line Europa from Boston Jun. 30th to Liverpool arriving Jul. 10th, red Aachen "Seebrief per England and Aachen" (7.13) transit backstamp, Prussian manuscript "2" kr debit, Austria blue ms. "7" krCM and circled red crayon "7" final due ratings, red Vienna (7.15) arrival backstamp, Very Fine and scarce 1¢ type Va plate 5 franking.
Estimate; $500 - 750. (Image1)
Est. $500-750
SOLD for $1,050.00
Will close during Public Auction
998       image1858 (Jun. 23) San Diego Cal. to Midi-Pyrénées, France via Panama & New York. Orange buff cover with "San Diego Cal. Jun 23" cds initially rated with manuscript "Paid 16 cts" in box notation, crossed out and "Paid 26" circular rating handstamp struck, neither of these rates was in accordance with current 15¢ up to ¾ ounce rate, black "New York Jul 24" cds and matching "Short Paid" framed handstamp struck as letter apparently over ¾ ounces, black "30" circular debit rating struck, carried by Cunard Line Canada from Boston July 28th to Liverpool arriving Aug. 7th, Calais (10.10.1858) entry cds with matching "16" décimes due rating handstamp; minor edgewear, Very Fine and interesting error rate cover.
Estimate; $300 - 400.

Although the early sailings by the Pacific Mail Steam Ship Company under their contract for the San Francisco to Panama route made landings at San Diego, these were dropped in the interest of speed in early 1851. It was not until October 1858 that a San Francisco to San Diego coastal route was contracted. It is probable that mails to and from San Diego were entrusted to coastal ships Masters who were known to be calling at San Francisco, Acapulco or Panama. They were either paid at the 2¢ ship letter rate, or a local contract for the trip negotiated.
(Image1)
Est. $300-400
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
999       image1858 (Jun. 28) Wheeling, Virginia to Hirrlingen, Württemberg. Cover with "Wheeling Va. Jun 28" cds with large circled "30" unpaid handstamp, "N. York Hamb. Pkt. '5' Jul 1" exchange debit cds, carried by Hapag Line Saxonia from New York Jul. 1st to Hamburg arriving Jul. 15th, Hamburg (7.16) backstamp with blue "6¾ Sgr - 9 Xr" due handstamp, Rottenburg (7.19) backstamp with red crayon "35" kr. due rating, F.-V.F., very few examples of the 6¾ Sgr-9Xr handstamp have been recorded, ex-Winter.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

Since letter routing instructions said "per Hamburg/Steamer" New York sent letter by Hamburg steamer and debited Hamburg 5¢ for a single rate letter. The Hamburg Thurn & Taxis post office marked letter with blue handstamp for 6¾ silbergroschen (15¢ equivalent) international rate plus 9 kreuzer for transit fee to Württemberg, the fee for a single weight letter. This was equivalent to 33 kreuzer (22¢). Württemberg added 2 kreuzer local fee for a total postage due of 35 kreuzer.
(Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $290.00
Will close during Public Auction
1000       image1858 (Jul.) New Orleans La. to Dessau, Anhalt-Dessau. Light buff cover bearing 1¢ blue (24) horizontal pair, scissor trimmed, tied by partial New Orleans La. cds, carried by Cunard Line Africa from New York Jul. 21st to Liverpool arriving Liverpool Aug. 2nd, red French (8.2.58) transit cds, partial red Aachen transit backstamp and blue ms. "2½" sgr due rating, Aug. 5th arrival backstamp, a Very Fine printed matter use.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $450.00
Will close during Public Auction

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