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The Manwood Collection of Express Company Labels continued...

Eastern Expresses - Longley & Co. to Pomeroy & Co. continued...
LotNo. Symbol CatNo. Lot Description
1181       imagePenobscot River Express, Boston. Black on green express label, used partially over 3¢ rose (65) on yellow cover to Rockland Me., pencil "Collect 10cts" express rating; opened roughly at right and repaired, rare and Fine appearance.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)

Est. $300-400
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
1182       imagePomeroy & Co.'s Express. Black on vermilion Pomeroy label with train vignette, used on folded cover to Hon. A.C. Flagg, Comptroller, Albany N.Y., blue ms. "Paid" and pencil "Express Paid", endorsed "By Pomeroy & Co's Express" at bottom left, Very Fine.
Estimate; $300 - 400.

Listed in Mosher, who says of the company "Regional private mail and parcel express company that operated in New York state and into Canada. Founded in Spring, 1841 by George E. Pomeroy. Succeeded by the Livingston, Wells & Pomeroy Express." Mosher label number POMX-L10.
(Image1)

Est. $300-400
SOLD for $625.00
Will close during Public Auction
Eastern Expresses - Pullen & Co. to Tuck & Co.
LotNo. Symbol CatNo. Lot Description
1183       imagePullen & Co's Express. Black on dull blue express label with steamboat vignette and offices listed, used on 1847 gray folded letter datelined "Troy Jul 30/47" sent by steamboat down the Hudson River to New York City, manuscript "2/-" rating for 25¢ express fee, ms. "with Sample Corn" notation, consignee's letter about com shipment arriving by canal-boat; file folds, Very Fine.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

Copp retired in late 1844 and his name was dropped on the new Pullen & Co. labels, which now illustrated a more modern steamboat. Pullen & Co. operated by steamboat up the Hudson River from New York City-there is no evidence this express operated into Canada, but the concurrent partnership of Pullen, Virgil & Co. extended their express lines across the border.
(Image1)

Est. $200-300
SOLD for $190.00
Will close during Public Auction
1184       imagePullen & Co's Express. Two different black on green express labels with steamboat vignette and offices listed, first on gray folded letter datelined "Troy May 13. 1845" by steamboat to New York City street address, second on gray folded letter datelined "Troy Dec 23d 1848" by steamboat to New York City, Very Fine and choice pair.
Estimate; $400 - 600. (Image1) (Image2)

image

Est. $400-600
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
1185       imagePullen & Co's Express, New York N.Y. Group of three different labels used on covers, comprising black on green label with train vignette on on folded letter to New York City, black on dull purple label with train vignette used on cover front to New York City, and large black on violet label on large cover to Hillsdale N.Y., F.-V.F. trio.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)

Get Market Data for [United States Collection] Visual Pricing Guide

Est. $300-400
SOLD for $240.00
Will close during Public Auction
1186       imageForwarded By Pullen, Virgil & Co's Express. Two different black on orange labels, first used on legal-size buff cover endorsed "From Thoms Wallace, Rouses Point" to New York City street address, manuscript "Paid 2/-" rating for 25¢ express rating, "$78.00" money letter endorsement; second stained "Forwarded by Pullen, Virgil & Co's New York, Montreal & Quebec Express" label used on blue legal-size cover with original "Montreal December 6th 1852" datelined letter to New York City street address, manuscript "Paid 1.00" express rating and "Money $589" money letter endorsement, ex-Hahn, F.-V.F. pair.
Estimate; $300 - 400.

In 1854 Pullen, Virgil & Co. merged with Johnson & Co. to form National Express.
(Image1)

Est. $300-400
SOLD for $260.00
Will close during Public Auction
1187       imageForwarded By Pullen, Virgil & Co's Express. Black on vermilion label, tied by light file fold crease on gray folded letter datelined "Montreal August 6th 1845" letter with illustrated beehive letterhead to New York City street address, endorsed "With a Box of Glass, care of Virgil & Co's Express", red "City Despatch Post, P.O., Aug 12" cds and additional "New-York '2 cts' Aug 12" integral-rate due carrier cds, Very Fine and choice, ex-Caspary, Robertson.
Estimate; $1,000 - 1,500.

A REMARKABLE CROSS-BORDER USE BY PULLEN, VIRGIN & CO'S EXPRESS IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE NEW YORK CITY DESPATCH POST CARRIER FOR FINAL DELIVERY.

Letter was sent by Pullen, Virgil & Co's Express from their Montreal office via steamboat down the Hudson River to New York City where it was given to the City Despatch Post for delivery to a New York City street address.
(Image1)

Est. $1,000-1,500
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
1188       imageRice & Peck's Express., N.Y. & E. R.R. Co. Black on vermilion express label, lightly oxidized, used on blue folded letter datelined "Oswego Dec. 31st 1847" to New York City street address, manuscript "Chgs 6/-" rating for 75¢ express rate, "Rice & Pecks Express, Sent Cash $479.47" money letter endorsement, Very Fine, the only recorded example of a Rice & Peck's Express label.
Estimate; $300 - 400.

It is believed Matthews and Rice & Peck were forerunners of Fiske & Rice's Express.
(Image1)

Est. $300-400
SOLD for $250.00
Will close during Public Auction
1189       imageForwarded By Ritcherdson's Express, From Parkville. Black on yellow label tied by wax seals on reverse of legal-size cover bearing 3¢ dull red (11) horizontal pair, small tear at left and small scissor cut between, tied by "Saint Louis Mo., Jun 1, 1857" cds to Hon. James W. Denver, Commission of Indian Affairs, Washington D.C.; reduced slightly at left, small corner flaw and edge wear, F.-V.F.
Estimate; $1,000 - 1,500.

A RARE EXAMPLE OF RITCHERDSON'S EXPRESS, WHICH SERVED THE KANSAS AND MISSOURI REGION.

Joseph Ritcherdson started this express in Missouri and the Kansas Territory in March 1853, carrying parcels and letters by steamboat and train. He operated until mid-1857 but surprisingly is not listed in either the Nathan or Thomas books. See "Ritcherdson's Missouri Express" by C. Corwith Wagner, Western Express, Feb-Apr 1954.
(Image1) (Image2)

image

Est. $1,000-1,500
SOLD for $1,700.00
Will close during Public Auction
1190       imageForwarded By Ross's Express. Two different large red on white labels with cannon shooting messenger, first "By Ross's Xpress, Over the elegant Providence & Worcester Railroad" with addresses updated in manuscript, used on reverse of buff cover with John H. Eddy & Co., Providence R.I. corner card handstamp to Troy N.H., manuscript "25¢" express rating, "Forty two 50/100" money letter endorsement; reduced at left, wear, small label scuff; second "Ross's Express from Providence" used on reverse of March 20, 1846 order for screws, F.-V.F. pair.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)

Est. $300-400
SOLD for $300.00
Will close during Public Auction
1191       imageSaunders' Salem & Lawrence Express., Three Times Daily. Black on yellow express label, used on orange cover with "Salem, May 25, 1863" letter to Lawrence, Mass., endorsed "pr Express paid" at lower left; ink stain spot, otherwise Very Fine and scarce Salem Mass. express.
Estimate; $300 - 400.

This express operated briefly in the early 1860's between Salem and Lawrence, Mass. as well as into New Hampshire.
(Image1)

Est. $300-400
SOLD for $230.00
Will close during Public Auction
1192       imageSavory & Co's Salem & Boston Express. Black on vermilion express label, used on orange cover to Boston Mass. street address, endorsed "Savory & Co. Express and "$337" money letter endorsement; reduced at top and edge tear, otherwise Very Fine.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)

Est. $200-300
SOLD for $170.00
Will close during Public Auction
1193       imageSavory & Co. Salem & Boston Express. Gold on navy blue express label, corner crease, used on blue May 7th 1848 folded letter from Salem, Mass. to Boston, endorsed "Express"; light stain, Very Fine and rare Salem express.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)

Est. $300-400
SOLD for $300.00
Will close during Public Auction
1194       imageSouthern Express Co., Athens, Ga. Black on white label (Mosher SOX-L205 var.) affixed on reverse of Cobb correspondence cover to Americus, Ga.; open on three sides for display, label neatly torn upon opening, F.-V.F.
Estimate; $150 - 200. (Image1)

Est. $150-200
SOLD for $210.00
Will close during Public Auction
1195       imageSouthern Express Company, Memphis "Unclaimed". Two different large black on orange labels, each used on reverse of 3¢ pink (U58, U59) entires addressed to Chattanooga Tenn. and Memphis Tenn. respectively; small flaws, F.-V.F. and scarce pair.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

Southern Express used large vermilion labels on unclaimed letters and parcels collected at Memphis. Southern Express was absorbed into American Railway Express in July 1918.
(Image1) (Image2)

image

Est. $200-300
SOLD for $325.00
Will close during Public Auction
1196       imageSouthern Express Company, Sparta Ga., Macon & Augusta Railroad. Black on vermilion express label, used on 3¢ green entire to Hon. A.H. Stephens, Crawfordsville, Ga., manuscript "pd /2-" two-bit (25¢) prepaid express rating; top edge tear and bit of flap missing, Very Fine.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)

Est. $200-300
SOLD for $180.00
Will close during Public Auction
1197       imageSouthern Express Company, From Whitesburg, Tenn. Black on pink express label, used on buff cover to Atlanta, Georgia, ms. "$250.00, From T/F/ Wood, Whitesburg Tenn." money letter endorsement, Nov. 24th docketing; partial flap, F.-V.F. and scarce Tennessee express label use.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)

Est. $200-300
SOLD for $180.00
Will close during Public Auction
1198       imageThompson & Co's Express. Black on pink label with train vignette, used on cover addressed to Alvin Adams, Adams & Co. Express, 84 Washington St, Boston; light vertical fold clear of label, Very Fine, ex-Foote.
Estimate; $400 - 600.

Hahn dated this circa 1851 according to the Adams Express address.
(Image1)

Est. $400-600
SOLD for $350.00
Will close during Public Auction
1199       imageThompson & Co's American Express, Albany. Black on blue express label, used on April 12, 1854 folded bill from Albany N.Y. to Middletown Conn., endorsed "Thompson" at top right; vertical file fold, F.-V.F.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)

Est. $200-300
SOLD for $280.00
Will close during Public Auction
1200       imageThompson & Co's Express. Black on pink label, used in conjunction with "Wells & Co. Express" green on black label, on April 2, 1845 folded cover to Detroit, Michigan, endorsed "Paid to Albany, CS" and ms. "Collect 4/- from Alby to Det" express ratings; Wells label creased, edge tears and wear, F.-V.F. and scarce conjunctive express label use.
Estimate; $400 - 600.

In 1836, Wells became a freight agent on the Erie Canal and soon started his own business. Later he worked for Harnden's Express in Albany. When Wells suggested that service could be expanded west of Buffalo, New York, William F. Harnden urged Wells to go into business on his own account. In 1841, the firm of Pomeroy & Company was formed by George E. Pomeroy, Henry Wells and Crawford Livingston. In the express business they competed with the United States Post Office by carrying mail at less than the government rate. Popular support, roused by the example of the penny post in England, was on the side of the expressmen, and the government was compelled to reduce its rates in 1845 and again in 1851.

Pomeroy & Company was succeeded in 1844 by Livingston, Wells & Company, composed of Crawford Livingston, Henry Wells, William Fargo and Thaddeus Pomeroy. On April 1, 1845, Wells & Company's Western Express – generally known simply as Western Express because it was the first such company west of Buffalo – was established by Wells, Fargo and Daniel Dunning. Service was offered at first as far as Detroit, rapidly expanding to Chicago, St. Louis, and Cincinnati.

In 1846, Wells sold his interest in Western Express to William Livingston, whereupon the firm became Livingston, Fargo & Company. Wells then went to New York City to work for Livingston, Wells & Company, concentrating on the promising transatlantic express business. When Crawford Livingston died in 1847, another of his brothers entered the firm, which became Wells & Company. (However, Livingston, Wells & Company continued to operate under that firm name in England, France and Germany.)

Early in 1850, Wells formed Wells, Butterfield & Company with John Butterfield as the successor of Butterfield & Wasson. The same year the American Express Company was formed as a consolidation of Wells & Company; Livingston, Fargo & Company; and Wells, Butterfield & Company. Wells was president of American Express from 1850 to 1868.[4] About the time the company was formed, he relocated in Aurora, New York, which remained his home for the rest of his life.[7] There he built a grand residence, called Glen Park. It was designed by noted architect A.J. Davis, with grounds by Andrew Jackson Downing, another notable architect. The property later became part of Wells College, which Wells founded.[4]

When John Butterfield and other directors of American Express objected to extending the company's service to California, Wells organized Wells, Fargo & Company on March 18, 1852, to undertake the venture. Edwin B. Morgan of Aurora was the company's first president, and Wells, William Fargo, Johnston Livingston and James McKay were on the boards of both Wells Fargo and American Express.
(Image1)

Est. $400-600
SOLD for $625.00
Will close during Public Auction

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