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2011 Rarities of the World continued...

Hawaii, including Missionaries
Lot Sym. Lot Description  
185° c ImageHarnden & Co. Clear strike of circle handstamp in black, "Harnden & Co./of Liverpool/Have Paid Postage/TO LIVERPOOL/TRANS-ATLANTIC/TO BE COLLECTED/by HARNDEN & Co. of U.S." with manuscript charges, on folded letter datelined "Honolulu July 24, 1848," sender's route directive inside and at lower left "via China", from S.H. Williams who writes "The recent discovery of a Gold Mine in California, which promises extraordinary results, has induced a brisk demand for iron, clothing, shoes and we think provisions of all kinds will soon follow from the immense concentration of population in consequence of the discovery, and the neglect of crops... We think the Island will derive much advantage from this mania for Gold Digging, by taking from us a certain kind of population of no very reputable character as well as creating a demand for our surplus stock of mdze. The whaling fleet will congregate here from fear of desertion of their crews on the coast, and the impossibility of recruiting there while the excitement lasts." etc., sent via China, this letter was charged 2 shillings for the Hawaii to Liverpool postage, and 2 shillings for the transatlantic transit, with 4 shillings collected in Boston, docketing on back indicates received on Dec. 15, 1848

VERY FINE. A RARE USE FROM HAWAII TO BOSTON, SENT VIA CHINA AND ENGLAND RATHER THAN VIA SAN FRANCISCO OR MEXICO. ESPECIALLY DESIRABLE WITH A CONTEMPORARY REFERENCE TO THE DISCOVERY OF GOLD IN CALIFORNIA.

According to Fred Gregory's unpublished manuscript, letters from Hawaii were sometimes sent to the United States on ships traveling to Asia, and from there to England and across the Atlantic to the East Coast. This route via China and England was a shorter distance than the sailing route around Cape Horn. The British P & O Line started running service to China in September 1845, further decreasing transit times. The letter offered here was likely carried to China on the American schooner Indiana, which cleared Honolulu on July 25, 1848.

News of the gold discovered at John Sutter's sawmill on February 24, 1848, spread slowly. It was Mormon Elder Sam Brannan, a shrewd San Francisco businessman, who set off the rush for gold on May 12, 1848, when he was heard shouting in public, "Gold! Gold! Gold from the American River!", after having spent weeks quietly buying up large quantities of any merchandise miners would need.

Ex Ishikawa and Honolulu Advertiser. With 1996 P.F. certificate. (Image)

Search for comparables at SiegelAuctions.com

E. 15,000-20,000

SOLD for $15,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
186°   Image1851, 2c Blue (1). Crocker Type II, deep shade, large margins to just touched, bold strike of large grid of squares cancel, expertly repaired at top left adding only a small portion of the design, small tear at right

A VERY FINE APPEARING EXAMPLE OF THE LEGENDARY HAWAIIAN 1851 2-CENT MISSIONARY, ONE OF PHILATELY'S RAREST STAMPS. ONLY FIFTEEN EXAMPLES OF THIS WORLD-RENOWNED RARITY ARE RECORDED, OF WHICH TEN ARE AVAILABLE OUTSIDE MUSEUMS.

The first postage stamps of the Hawaiian Islands are known to collectors as the "Missionaries" because of their use on mail sent by early missionary settlers on the islands in the 19th century. The Missionaries were authorized by the Honolulu postmaster, Henry M. Whitney, a prominent merchant and printer. They were printed in 1851 at the offices of Honolulu's newspaper, The Polynesian, using printer's type currently on hand.

Stamps were printed from a "plate" consisting of two subjects. The left stamp was Type I and the right stamp was Type II. The two types can be distinguished by the position of the letters in the top label: in Type I the letter "P" of "Postage" is slightly indented, in Type II it is directly beneath the letter "H" of "Hawaiian".

The Missionaries consist of three denominations: 2c, 5c and two styles of 13c. The 2c is the rarest. It was used primarily on newspapers and other printed matter which was often destroyed. Its other function was to prepay the 2c ship fee on mail to the United States -- the only recorded 2c cover demonstrates this ship fee usage.

Fifteen 2c Missionary stamps are recorded, including the unique unused stamp and the unique cover. They can be seen at http://www.siegelauctions.com/dynamic/census/HI1/HI1.pdf. Of the thirteen used copies, five are in museums, leaving eight used off-cover stamps available to collectors (including one on piece). None of the eight available used copies is entirely sound.

Census No. 1-II-CAN-10. Ex N. C. Nash, New England Stamp Co. (1896), C. H. Colket, J. M. Paul (1910), P. Parrish, D. L. Pickman (1913), Warren H. Colson, Admiral Harris and Isleham. Illustrated in the Meyer-Harris book on p. 96. With 1995 P.F. certificate. (Image)

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250,000.00

SOLD for $170,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
187° ng Image1851, 5c Blue (2). Crocker Type I, unused (no gum), rich color, repaired with margin and frameline added at top, closed tear across most of ornaments above numeral "5"

FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF TWELVE RECORDED UNUSED EXAMPLES OF THE HAWAIIAN 1851 5-CENT MISSIONARY, OF WHICH ONLY TEN ARE AVAILABLE TO COLLECTORS

#Our census of Hawaii No. 2, published in Part 1 of the Honolulu Advertiser catalogue, is available at our website at http://www.siegelauctions.com/dynamic/census/HI2/HI2.pdf . We record twelve unused copies, two of which are in the Tapling Collection at the British Library. Of the twelve copies, only one is completely sound.

Census No. 2-I-UNC-20. With 2011 P.F. certificate. (Image)

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55,000.00

SOLD for $22,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
188°   Image1851, 5c Blue (2). Crocker Type I, bright color, part of grid cancel at left and with bold red Honolulu circular datestamps, tear and rebacked adding margins and portions of framelines on three sides

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. AN ATTRACTIVE USED EXAMPLE OF THE 5-CENT HAWAIIAN MISSIONARY. ESPECIALLY DESIRABLE WITH SUCH A BRIGHT RED CANCELLATION.

Our census of Hawaii No. 2, published in Part 1 of the Honolulu Advertiser catalogue, is available at our website at http://www.siegelauctions.com/dynamic/census/HI2/HI2.pdf . The example offered here, with the red Honolulu circular datestamp, is desirable since the entire design is clearly visible.

Census No. 2-I-CAN-38. Ex Clapp, Wilson, Harris and Collector C. With 1994 P.F. certificate. (Image)

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32,500.00

SOLD for $42,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
189°   Image1851, 13c Blue (3). Crocker Type I, rich color nicely complemented by red sugar cane cancel, repaired with portions of framelines drawn in and sealed tear

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. AN ATTRACTIVE USED EXAMPLE OF THE 1851 13-CENT "HAWAIIAN POSTAGE" MISSIONARY STAMP. DESIRABLE WITH THE RED SUGAR CANE CANCEL, WHICH ALLOWS THE ENTIRE DESIGN TO BE CLEARLY SEEN.

Our census of Hawaii No. 3, published in Part 1 of the Honolulu Advertiser catalogue, is available at our website at http://www.siegelauctions.com/dynamic/census/HI3/HI3.pdf .Census No. 3-I-CAN-102. Ex Crocker and Ishikawa. (Image)

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28,000.00

SOLD for $85,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
190   Image1852, 13c Blue, "H.I. & U.S. Postage" (4). Crocker Type II, margins to in, intense shade, neat strike of 7-bar grid cancel, natural break in the paper at lower left caused by the printing process but otherwise sound

FINE. ONE OF ONLY TWO RECORDED SOUND EXAMPLES OF THE 1852 13-CENT "H.I. & U.S. POSTAGE" MISSIONARY.

There are 52 examples of the 13c "H.I. & U.S. Postage" Missionary in our updated census (see Honolulu Advertiser catalogue, Siegel Sale 769, Appendix I or http://www.siegelauctions.com/dynamic/census/HI4/HI4.pdf ). Only 35 used stamps are recorded off cover or on piece, and about two-thirds of these are repaired or in museum collections. Of those unrepaired copies that remain in private hands, only two sound examples are recorded: the stamp offered here and the example offered in our sale of the Twigg-Smith collection (Siegel Sale 931, lot 4007).

Census No. 4-II-CAN-176. Ex Potts, Moody, Krug and Collector C. With 1994 P.F. certificate (Image)

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35,000.00

SOLD for $110,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
191° c Image1857, 5c on 13c Dark Red (7). Type I manuscript "5" applied by post office clerk Alvah Clark, huge margins to in, uncancelled, used with U.S. 12c Black (17), large to huge margins incl. sheet margin at bottom, tied by "San Francisco Cal. Jul. 20, 1857" circular datestamp on folded letter to Mrs. Otis Simmons in Little Compton R.I., red "Honolulu * U.S. Postage Paid * June 27" circular datestamp, manuscript "12" at top right, 12c some faint toning not mentioned on accompanying certificate, the provisional with tiny pinhole at top right

A VERY FINE COVER WITH THE HAWAIIAN 1857 "5" ON 13-CENT KAMEHAMEHA III PROVISIONAL STAMP USED IN COMBINATION WITH THE UNITED STATES 12-CENT 1851 ISSUE. ONE OF ELEVEN SUCH COMBINATIONS RECORDED BY GREGORY.

Five of the nineteen 5c provisional covers recorded by Gregory were carried on this trip of the Vaquero, which stopped at Honolulu on its way from Australia and carried two bags of mail when it cleared Honolulu on June 27, 1857. She returned to safe harbor with a broken mast and left again on June 29 with additional mail, arriving in San Francisco on July 16 (Gregory).

No. 8 in the Gregory census. Ex Rohloff and Kramer (where erroneously described as carried on the Fanny Major). With 2003 P.F. certificate (Image)

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40,000.00

SOLD for $14,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
192° og Image1859, 1c Light Blue, Bluish White (12). Plate 2-A, Type I (Westerberg Position 3), part original gum, large margins to full, bright color, small corner margin crease at top right, tiny margin tear at bottom left

EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE UNUSED EXAMPLE OF THE 1859 ONE-CENT BLUE HAWAIIAN NUMERAL ISSUE. ESPECIALLY DESIRABLE WITH PART ORIGINAL GUM.

Very few unused examples of this issue have any trace of gum. With 1974 Friedl certificate. With 1974 and 2008 P.F. certificates. (Image)

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17,500.00

SOLD for $7,000.00
Will close during Public Auction

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