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Records 1 to 50 of 563

Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries, Inc. Sale: 1211

United States
1847 Issue— 10¢ Bisected Usage

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 39
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2a

image An outstanding 10¢ 1847 bisect cancelled in grayish blue, paying the 5¢ under-300 miles rate from Mineral Point, Wisconsin, to the postmaster of Hampton, Illinois

10¢ Black, Diagonal Half Used as 5¢ (2a), upper right diagonal half, large margins at top and right, tied across the cut by bold dark grayish blue grid cancel with matching double-struck "Mineral Point W.T. 27 May" (1851) circular datestamp and "PAID" straightline handstamp on folded letter to the postmaster of Hampton, Rock Island County, Illinois, the letter asks the postmaster to forward any letters he may be holding for Isaac Smith (himself) and two other names, the Mineral Point datestamp still has the "W.T." territorial initials, but Wisconsin became a state three years earlier on May 29, 1848

Extremely Fine--an unusually choice 10¢ 1847 bisect on cover from Wisconsin.

The USPCS census records three bisects used from Mineral Point, Wisconsin, which did receive 5¢ stamps, but apparently ran short during a brief period. This cover is easily the finest of the three--one of the others is a cover front only.

This cover was sold in a Hugh C. Barr sale on 12/19-20/1941 and then in an Irwin Heiman sale 11/21-22/1975, where acquired by Haas. Ex Marc Haas, Duane B. Garrett and John R. Boker, Jr. With 1986 P.F. certificate. (Image)

E. $ 7,500-10,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 7,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 11:32:56 EST
Sold For 7000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 40
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2a

image One of six recorded matching pairs of covers with 10¢ 1847 bisects from the same stamp, five of which are in private hands--these covers from the Gardiner, Maine, find are the only matching pair of diagonal bisects cancelled in red

DESCRIPTION

10¢ Black, Diagonal Half Used as 5¢ (2a), matching upper right and lower left halves of the same stamp on separate envelopes, addressed to Mrs. George Evans at Mrs. Hollister's in Brattleboro, Vermont, bisects have ample to large margins except lower left is just in at bottom, well-tied across the cuts by orange-red grid cancels (struck four times on lower left bisect), upper right with matching "Gardiner Me. Apr. 28" (1851) circular datestamp, and lower left with "Gardiner Me. May 2" (1851) circular datestamp, letter from Senator George Evans accompanies May 2 cover

PROVENANCE

William L. Moody III, H. R. Harmer sale, 10/23-25/1950, both covers together as lot 135A, to "ETW"

J. David Baker, Siegel Auction Galleries, 4/4/1978, Sale 526, lots 63-64

Siegel Auction Galleries, 1996 Rarities of the World, 5/21/1996, Sale 777, lot 37, to William H. Gross

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

USPCS census nos. 1984 and 1985 https://www.uspcs.org/resource-center/censuses/1847-cover-census/

Hugh J. and J. David Baker, Bakers' U.S. Classics, p. 174

J. David Baker, "Additional 1847 Bisects," Chronicle 87, p. 8, with an account of original find by Ezra D. Cole

Susan M. McDonald, "The Gardiner, Maine, Bisect Puzzle," Chronicle 64, pp. 134-140

-- "Gardiner, Maine, Revisited," Chronicle 87, pp. 144-145

-- "Gardiner, Maine, Addenda," Chronicle 121, pp. 32-33

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (1978)

CONDITION NOTES

Very Fine covers; upper right bisect used April 28 has trivial small sealed tear at top; May 2 envelope with erased pencil docketing

HISTORY AND COMMENTARY

The Gardiner, Maine, 1847 Bisects

In April and May 1851, a former U.S. senator from Maine, George Evans, wrote a series of letters to his wife in Brattleboro, Vermont. The 54-year-old distinguished politician, whom John Quincy Adams described as "one of the ablest men and most eloquent orators in Congress," paid the 5¢ postage with diagonal halves of the 10¢ stamps on hand from the issue of 1847. Perhaps his knowledge of current legislative acts made him aware that the recently passed Act of March 3, 1851, would reduce postage rates, and his 10¢ stamps would not fit the new 3¢ domestic rate, starting July 1. The post office in Gardiner, Maine, did not object to the senator's thrifty half-stamps, and each letter traveled 225 miles to Brattleboro, where the postmaster was equally accommodating.

About 80 years later, the Evans 1847 bisect covers were bought by a stamp dealer, H. A. Robinette. Details of his fortuitous purchase were provided by Ezra D. Cole in a Chronicle article published by J. David Baker in 1968:

In the 1930s [Ezra Cole] rented a farm in West Brattleboro, Vermont... While there Ezra visited his friend Dana Stafford [who] invited him to attend several meetings of the Brattleboro Stamp Club. At one of them, who should appear but H. A. Robinette, the well-known Washington, D.C., dealer... Before [Robinette] left Vermont, he visited Ezra at his farm and showed him a package of covers, a package of twenty-eight 10¢ 1847 bisects postmarked Gardiner, Maine, addressed to Mrs. George Evans. As Ezra recalls, six or seven were damaged, torn or had parts of the bisected stamp missing, and he believes they were destroyed as they talked about destroying them. Ezra bought three matching pairs, six bisected covers for $600 a pair, and two other bisected covers for $250 each...

Working with the USPCS 1847 census, we have verified 12 Gardiner, Maine, 10¢ bisect covers. Four have bisects that cannot be matched. Eight covers have bisects from four stamps. The dates and census numbers are:

1) 4/28 and 5/2 (#1984/1986), red grids, lot 40

2) 5/12 and 5/14 (#989/1990), blue grids

3) 5/19 and 5/20 (#1991/1992), blue grids

4) 5/23 and 5/26 (#1993/1994), blue grids, Hirzel

Since one set of pairs is in the Hirzel collection at the Museum of Communications in Switzerland, only three are available to collectors. In addition to these, there is a pair of matching diagonal bisects on covers from the Stilphin correspondence, and a pair of vertical bisects sold in the Gross U.S. Treasures sale. (Image)

E. $ 30,000-40,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 27,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 11:33:55 EST
Sold For 27000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 41
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2b

image A choice vertical bisect of the 10¢ 1847 Issue paying the 5¢ under-300 miles rate

10¢ Black, Vertical Half Used As 5¢ (2b), right half, huge margins all around, well tied by red square grid cancel with matching "New-York Mar. 4" (1851) circular datestamp on blue folded letter to Albany, New York, stamp with very faint diagonal crease which is all but undetectable (but mentioned in our 1989 Rarities sale), fresh and Very Fine, note on back by John A. Klemann stating that this was an original find "by Mr. Wyer," ex W. S. White and Boker (Image)

E. $ 5,000-7,500

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 6,500.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 11:34:55 EST
Sold For 6500

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 42
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2b

image 10¢ 1847 vertical bisect used from Philadelphia for the 5¢ under 300-miles rate

10¢ Black, Vertical Half Used As 5¢ (2b), left vertical half, large margins to just clear at bottom, tied by blue "Philada Pa. 5 Mar. 23" (1849) integral-rate circular datestamp on bluish folded letter to New Hope, Pennsylvania, some minor cover staining far from stamp, Very Fine, for some reason there are far fewer left half vertical bisects than right half bisects listed in the USPCS census--there is no "Paid" marking on this cover, and it is unclear if the integral-rate datestamp was intended as a postage due marking or just a cancel--ex West and Boker, illustrated in Ashbrook Bound Book (no. 11, cover 279, USPCS website), with 1988 P.F. certificate (Image)

E. $ 5,000-7,500

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 7,500.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 11:36:00 EST
Sold For 7500


1847 Issue and Carrier Stamp Combinations

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 95
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1

image The only recorded 1847 10¢ rate cover with the Boston Carrier Department issues

5¢ Red Brown (1), two, each has large margins to just touched at one point, rich colors, used with Boston, Massachusetts, 1¢ Blue on Pelure (3LB1), margins mostly clear all around, tied by multiple strikes of red grid cancels, matching "Boston 10 cts 2 May" (1849) integral-rate circular datestamp on envelope to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, negligible wrinkles around edges, carrier stamp and one 5¢ slightly overlapping edge, causing tiny corner creases, Very Fine and beautiful--the only recorded 10¢ rate 1847 cover with the Boston Carrier issue, the USPCS census records 28 covers with this combination of stamps, all are 5¢ rates except the cover offered here, ex Meyersburg, "Sevenoaks" and Hackmey, illustrated in Chronicle 151 (p. 161) (Image)

E. $ 4,000-5,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 7,500.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 13:40:28 EST
Sold For 7500

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 96
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1

image 5¢ 1847 on cover with the Boston Carrier Department stamp tied by datestamp

5¢ Red Brown (1), large margins to ample at left, tied by red grid cancels, used with Boston, Massachusetts, 1¢ Blue on Pelure (3LB1), full to large margins, cancelled by black handstamp and tied by red "Boston 5 cts 21 Aug." (1850) integral-rate circular datestamp on blue folded letter to Windsor, Connecticut, carrier stamp with characteristic faint gum toning, Very Fine, a lovely 1847 Issue and Boston Carrier combination, ex Wenk (1985 Rarities of the World sale), Garrett and Boker (Image)

E. $ 1,000-1,500

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 7,500.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 13:42:27 EST
Sold For 7500

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 97
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1

image One of four recorded covers with the 1847 Issue and second Boston Carrier stamp

5¢ Red Brown (1), late impression, three large margins to in at top, black grid cancel (not tied), used with Boston, Massachusetts, 1¢ Blue (3LB2), large margins all around, tied by red crayon stroke, red "Boston 5 cts 18 Jun." (1851) integral-rate circular datestamp overstruck by matching "PAID" straightline handstamp on buff cover to Hallowell, Maine, sender's endorsement "Paid"

Very Fine--an exceedingly rare combination of the 1847 Issue and the second Boston "Penny Post Paid" carrier stamp.

According to notes by Elliott Perry, the second Boston Carrier Department stamp, Scott 3LB2, is known used as early as April 30, 1851. The 1847 Issue was demonetized after June 30, 1851. Therefore, the Boston 3LB2 stamp could be used with the 1847 Issue only for a very brief period of two months, possibly three. The USPCS census reflects this, with only four 1847 covers listed bearing 3LB2.

Ex Henry E. Abt, David Golden, Guido Craveri and Joseph Hackmey. With 2000 P.F. certificate calling the stamp Brown Orange, Scott No. 1b--it is now listed as Scott 1d, but in any case we do not think this is the true Brown Orange shade, even though it is used in the right time period. (Image)

E. $ 5,000-7,500

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 8,500.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 13:43:33 EST
Sold For 8500

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 98
Symbol: C
Cat No: 4LB1

image One of two recorded 1847 Issue covers with the Honour's City Express oval carrier issue and the only one with the Honour's stamp on Rose paper

10¢ Black (2), with short transfer at top plate variety, two large margins, clear to ample at top and bottom, tied by red grid cancel, used with Honour's City Express, Charleston, South Carolina, 2¢ Black on Brown Rose (4LB1), distinctive bright pink shade of paper, cut to shape slightly impinging on oval frame, slight surface scrapes, tied by red crayon cross strokes, red "Charleston S.C. Jul. 14/10" 10¢ integral-rate circular datestamp on bluish gray folded cover to New York City, 1849 docketing on back

Fine; Honour's stamp has tiny scrapes, addressee's name crossed out, small tear at top of one file fold.

This is one of only two recorded covers with a combination of the 1847 Issue and Honour's oval carrier stamp, the other with 4LB2. A highly important rarity for both 1847 Issue and Carriers and Locals specialists alike.

Only five examples of Scott 4LB1 are recorded in any format, as follows:

1 Cut rectangular, in at top, used on 8/16/1849 cover, ex Hind, Golden, "D.K." collection

2 Cut to shape (brighter pink paper), used with 10¢ 1847 on 7/14/1849 cover, ex Ferrary, Waterhouse, Hessel, Golden and Boker, the cover offered in this sale

3 Cut rectangular, in at top, on piece dated 8/19/1849, ex Worthington, Caspary, Boker, Golden and Kuphal

4 Cut to shape, cancelled by red Charleston circular datestamp (June date, no year), ex Middendorf

5 Cut to shape, sealed tear, added to 1851 cover with January 24 datestamp, Siegel Sale 164 and ex Hall

The other Honour's 1849 oval stamp, printed on Yellow paper (Scott 4LB2), is just as rare with five recorded, including one used with the 10¢ 1847 Issue (ex Caspary and Middendorf).

As a side note, the paper of this stamp is decidedly brighter and more pink than the paper of the four other 4LB1 examples. Given the great rarity of the Honour's oval stamp and the basic differentiation between Brown Rose and Yellow papers, it is only an academic point to separate this Pink shade from the others. However, among other more abundant Carrier Department issues, the paper color would certainly be grounds for a separate catalogue listing.

Ex Philipp von Ferrary (small trefoil handstamp at lower right), Sir Nicholas Waterhouse, Sydney A. Hessel, David Golden and John R. Boker, Jr. Illustrated in Chronicle 151 (p. 162). With 1975 and 1999 P.F. certificates. (Image)

E. $ 20,000-30,000

Openings not Provided


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 13:44:16 EST
Sold For 0

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 99
Symbol: C
Cat No: Collection

image 5¢ 1847 Issue and New York Carrier Department 1¢ on Rose, conjunctive use--the only recorded cover with a New York carrier stamp used from another post office

5¢ Brown (1), large margins to just in at two places along frameline, tied by lightly inked red "Schenectady N.Y. Aug. 13" circular datestamp, two additional strikes of datestamp, one at lower left and another at upper left tying U.S. Mail, New York, N.Y., 1¢ Black on Rose (6LB9), large margins to just touching at bottom, on folded cover addressed to Rev. John F. Schermerhorn at Day Street address in New York City, receipt docketing "Rev. J. A. Yates DD, Aug 13th 1849"

Very Fine; a few pinholes at top of lettersheet not affecting stamps, carrier stamp with surface scrape at top and small crease.

This is the only recorded cover showing use of the New York Carrier Department stamp from a post office outside of New York City. An extraordinary use in combination with the 5¢ 1847 Issue.

This cover was included in the "Cleveland Album," a collection of United States covers formed during the 1890s, and it had not been previously recorded by students of carrier mails before it was sold in a 1994 Siegel sale. Reverend Schermerhorn was an active correspondent in New York City during the 1849 period, and, based on other known covers, he used local posts to carry his letters to the post office. In this instance, it is a reasonable hypothesis that the sender (a Reverend Yates, as docketed) used the carrier stamp, intending to prepay the fee for delivery from the New York post office to the Day Street address. Whether Reverend Yates removed the stamp from a cover sent to him, or Reverend Schermerhorn sent the stamp with instructions, cannot be determined.

Ex "Cleveland Album" (a cover collection formed in the 1890s, which was offered for the first time in Sale 764; this was lot 1698), Guido Craveri and Joseph Hackmey. (Image)

E. $ 5,000-7,500

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 4,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 13:44:49 EST
Sold For 4000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 100
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1

image 5¢ 1847 Issue and New York Carrier Department 1¢ on Rose tied together on cover

5¢ Red Brown (1), ample to large margins, used with U.S. Mail, New York, N.Y., 1¢ Black on Rose (6LB9), tied together and to cover by red square grid cancels, carrier stamp additionally cancelled by pen and tied by part of blue manuscript "Due 5", blurry strike of red New York circular datestamp on mostly complete blue folded cover to Farmington, Maine, missing one flap at bottom, Very Fine, a choice combination with the stamps tied together, ex Wenk (1985 Rarities of the World sale) and Boker, with 1983 and 1997 P.F. certificates (Image)

E. $ 500-750

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 750.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 13:45:41 EST
Sold For 750

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 101
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1

image An exceptionally beautiful 5¢ 1847 and New York Carrier combination on mourning envelope

5¢ Red Brown (1), large margins to full at right, rich color and clear impression, used with U.S. Mail, New York, N.Y., 1¢ Black on Yellow Glazed (6LB10), large margins to touched at bottom, tied together and to cover by red circular grid cancels, carrier additionally cancelled by manuscript, red "New-York Oct. 20" circular datestamp on small black-bordered mourning envelope neatly addressed to Middletown, Connecticut, fresh and Extremely Fine, wonderful quality, there are approximately 16 recorded 1847 and 6LB10 combination covers in the USPCS census--this is arguably the finest, ex Dick and Boker (Image)

E. $ 1,000-1,500

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 2,700.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 13:46:20 EST
Sold For 2700

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 102
Symbol: C
Cat No: 7LB3

image One of three recorded combinations of the 5¢ 1847 Issue and the Philadelphia 1¢ on Rose "H" Carrier Department Issue, and the only cover on which the carrier stamp is tied by the Philadelphia circular datestamp

5¢ Red Brown (1), huge margins to clear with portion of adjoining stamp at bottom, deep rich color and detailed impression, used with U.S.P.O., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1¢ Black on Rose, "H" (7LB3), large margins to just into framelines, both stamps tied by blue "Philada. Pa. 5 Aug. 10" (1849) integral-rate circular datestamp on small envelope to Lake George, New York, the datestamp tying the carrier stamp is particularly well-struck

Extremely Fine--a choice and extremely rare combination. Only three covers with the Philadelphia 7LB3 carrier stamp and the 5¢ 1847 Issue are recorded. This is the only one of the three which is clearly tied by the Philadelphia circular datestamp.

According to the census information reported by Larry Lyons in The Penny Post (July 2006) and the USPCS census, there are only three combinations of the 1847 Issue and this Philadelphia Carrier Department issue. The second was offered in our sale of the Harvey Mirsky collection (and is ex Kuphal), but the carrier stamp is not tied. The third listed in the USPCS census has no description or image so its configuration is unknown.

Ex Sir Nicholas Waterhouse, Marc Haas, Duane B. Garrett and John R. Boker, Jr. Illustrated in Bakers' U.S. Classics (p. 124). (Image)

E. $ 4,000-5,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 14,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 13:47:25 EST
Sold For 14000


1847 Issue to and from British North America

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 123
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image The earliest reported use of the 1847 Issue to or from Canada--July 17, 1847

10¢ Black (2), large margins all around, beautiful deep shade and proof-like early impression, tied by bold strike of red square grid cancel, matching "New-York 10cts. 17 Jul." (1847) integral-rate circular datestamp on bluish folded cover to Agent of Bank of Montreal at Belleville, Canada West, red "Montreal L.C. JY 20 1847" circular datestamp, manuscript "1/5-1/2" Canadian rate, backstamped Kingston and Belleville (both July 21), vertical file fold well away from stamp

Extremely Fine. This July 17, 1847, cover is the earliest recorded use of the United States first general issue to or from Canada.

The earliest recorded use of the 1847 Issue is the 10¢ cover from New York City to Indianapolis, postmarked July 2, 1847. The earliest use of the 1847 Issue to a foreign destination is the 10¢ cover from Philadelphia to London, postmarked July 14, 1847 (offered as lot 148). Next in line is this July 17 cover to Canada, which is the earliest use of the 1847 Issue on a cover to any location in British North America.

The 10¢ 1847 stamp paid the single-rate postage to the U.S.-Canada border. From there to Belleville, the rate was calculated at 1 shilling 5-1/2 pence, approximately 18 pence, which corresponds to the 9p rate for distance (about 250 miles), doubled for weight over a half ounce.

Ex Jonathan W. Rose and Joseph Hackmey. (Image)

E. $ 7,500-10,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 5,750.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:16:20 EST
Sold For 5750

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 124
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1

image A very attractive 1847 cover to Canada rated 5¢ for distance to border under 300 miles

5¢ Red Brown (1), large margins to full, dark shade, tied by blue grid cancel, matching "Buffalo N.Y. 5 Dec. 6" (1849) 5¢ integral-rate circular datestamp on folded cover to St. Catharines, Canada West, neat "4-1/2" pence due marking, bold "Queenston U.C. Dec. 6, 1849" circular datestamp, faint receiving backstamp, Very Fine and attractive use to Canada, St. Catharines is approximately 40 miles from Buffalo, ex Boker (Image)

E. $ 300-400

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 650.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:17:25 EST
Sold For 650

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 125
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image A beautiful cover from Philadelphia to Toronto, Canada, with 10¢ 1847 for over-300 miles rate

10¢ Black (2), Position 67L, large margins to full, intense shade, tied by two strikes of blue "Philada. Pa. 10cts Apr. 4" (1848) integral-rate circular datestamp, third clear strike on light gray folded cover to an insane asylum in Toronto, Canada, red "Queenston U.C. Apr. 8, 1848" circular datestamp, manuscript "4-1/2" pence due marking just ties stamp at upper right, faint receiving backstamp, Very Fine and attractive use to Canada, ex Boker (Image)

E. $ 750-1,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 1,200.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:18:09 EST
Sold For 1200

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 126
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1b

image Superb pair of the 5¢ Orange Brown on a double-rate cover from Cleveland to Canada

5¢ Orange Brown (1b), horizontal pair, radiant color, large and even margins, tied by five strikes of red grid cancel, matching "Cleveland O. Dec. 5" (1850) circular datestamp on light gray folded cover to St. Catharines, Canada West, sender's routing instruction "via Lewiston" at lower left, light strike of "Queenston U.C. Dec. ?, 1850" circular datestamp, manuscript "9" pence due, Extremely Fine, a beautiful cover to Canada with a choice pair of the Orange Brown shade, Cleveland was less than 300 miles from the exchange point so this was charged 10¢ postage for weight and not distance, ex Hart, Dr. Robertson and Hackmey, signed Ashbrook and with his note on back (Image)

E. $ 1,500-2,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 4,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:19:12 EST
Sold For 4000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 127
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image A fantastic large-margined 10¢ 1847 on an attractive cover to Canada

10¢ Black (2), large margins all around showing trace of frameline of adjacent stamp at bottom, sharp proof-like impression, tied by red square grid cancel, matching "New-York Dec. 22" (1849) circular datestamp on bluish folded letter to London, Canada, manuscript "9" pence due, "Queenston U.C. Dec. 25, 1849" circular datestamp, red London receiving backstamp (December 27), Extremely Fine Gem stamp and cover, ex Hackmey, with 1999 P.F. certificate (Image)

E. $ 1,000-1,500

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 1,500.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:19:55 EST
Sold For 1500

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 128
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image The only recorded double rate among the four recorded examples of the "TROY & NEW YORK/STEAM BOAT" marking on 1847 Issue covers to Canada

10¢ Black (2), Positions 86/96L, vertical pair, huge margins to just touched at top right of bottom stamp, including wide bottom sheet margin, vertical file fold affects stamps, tied by perfect strike of blue "Troy N.Y. Sep. 2" (1850) circular datestamp on blue folded letter datelined "New York 30 Augt. 1850" to Montreal, Canada, matching clear strike of "TROY & NEW YORK/STEAM BOAT" framed handstamp, manuscript "9" pence due marking

Very Fine despite the file fold through the pair.

This is one of four recorded 1847 Issue covers to Canada with the "TROY & NEW YORK/STEAM BOAT" framed handstamp--adding to its rarity and appeal is the fantastic 10¢ sheet-margin vertical pair used to pay the double over-300 miles rate (the others all bear one 10¢ stamp).

The "Troy & New York Steamboat" marking was used on letters carried by non-contract steamboats on the Hudson River between New York City and Troy. The mail entered the U.S. postal system at the receiving office, and the town datestamp indicates where the letter was received. The Troy receiving datestamp was used to cancel the stamps on three of the four recorded "Troy & New York Steam Boat" covers to Canada, which are all addressed to David Torrance in Montreal. Torrance was a member of a prominent family of importers, shippers and steamboat owners. A fourth cover is addressed to Quebec, and the stamp is tied by the blue grid cancel. The distance from Troy to the border was under 300 miles, and so would have only required a 5¢ stamp. However, this cover originated in New York City and was over the half-ounce limit, so two 10¢ stamps were affixed to pay the over-300 miles double rate.

Ex J. Waldo Sampson, Charles F. Meroni, Fisher E. Simmons, Jr., Dr. Leonard Kapiloff and John R. Boker, Jr. (Image)

E. $ 10,000-15,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 18,500.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:20:58 EST
Sold For 18500

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 129
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1

image Colorful and rare 5¢ 1847 cover to Kingston, Canada, with "3" pence ferriage fee

5¢ Red Brown (1), horizontal pair, three large margins, clear to just in at left, minor wrinkling, brilliant color, tied by red circular grid cancels, matching "New-York Jan. 20" (1850) circular datestamp on blue folded cover to Kingston, Canada West, manuscript "3" pence due for ferriage rate applied in Canada (Cape Vincent, N.Y., to Kingston), red Kingston backstamp (January 23), lightly toned horizontal file fold, few age spots barely affect right stamp, Very Fine, the 3p ferriage rate applied to mail crossing between Cape Vincent and Kingston, which required two ferries and a land crossing--the ferriage rate applied until the new U.S.-Canadian postal treaty took effect on April 6, 1851--very few are known with the 1847 Issue, ex Boker (Image)

E. $ 1,500-2,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 2,000.00


Closed..Nov-01-2019, 11:06:47 EST
Sold For 2000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 130
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image Superb 10¢ 1847 on rare 3-pence ferriage rate cover to Kingston, Canada

10¢ Black (2), huge margins including part of adjoining stamp at bottom, detailed impression, tied by red circular grid cancel, matching "New-York Jan. 11" (1850) circular datestamp with day inverted on blue folded cover to Kingston, Canada, manuscript "3" pence due for ferriage rate applied in Canada (Cape Vincent, N.Y., to Kingston), red Kingston circular datestamp on back (January 15), an Extremely Fine Gem stamp and pristine cover, rare use of the 10¢ 1847 on a cover to Canada with the ferriage rate, this rate applied to mail crossing between Cape Vincent and Kingston, which required two ferries and a land crossing--the ferriage rate applied until the new U.S.-Canadian postal treaty took effect on April 6, 1851--pencil note on back by William O. Bilden, ex Boker (Image)

E. $ 2,000-3,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 2,900.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:23:11 EST
Sold For 2900

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 131
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1

image A superb and rare vertical strip of three of the 5¢ 1847 Issue used from Montreal, Canada, to the United States, paying the triple 5¢ under-300 miles rate from the border

5¢ Red Brown (1), vertical strip of three, large to huge margins all around with part of adjoining stamp at upper right, brilliant color and sharp First Printing impression, top pair uncancelled, tied by red "Montreal, Canada Paid AU 7, 1848" tombstone-style datestamp with matching "PAID" handstamp on blue folded letter to Burlington, Vermont, sender's endorsement "Money" with contents datelined at Montreal the same day and reading in part "I enclose $500 in your own money with the exception of $1.00. I should have waited and sent it by Express but thought that in all probability you might want to use it immediately, & the express does not go till Friday", manuscript "1/6" just below stamps and larger red manuscript "1/6" rate at right

Extremely Fine strip and a beautiful cover--a remarkable use of the 1847 Issue from Canada, with a rare vertical strip of three paying the triple 5¢ rate for distances under 300 miles and weight between 1 and 1.5 ounces. This famous cover is one of the most spectacular examples of the 1847 Issue used from Canada.

The distance from the border exchange office to Burlington was under 300 miles, so this was charged three times the normal rate due to weight. The Canadian postage was 1 shilling 6 pence, or 18 pence, which is four times the 4-1/2 pence rate for distances under 60 miles. Prior to March 15, 1849, United States rates progressed in half-ounce increments, while Canada's rates, following the British system, increased in full one-ounce increments after the first ounce.

Ex Frank R. Sweet (exhibited at The Collectors Club of New York 1940 Centenary exhibition), Philip G. Rust, Dr. Leonard Kapiloff, Guido Craveri, Dr. John L. Robertson and Joseph Hackmey. Signed by Stanley B. Ashbrook. With 1992 P.F. certificate. (Image)

E. $ 30,000-40,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 32,500.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:24:15 EST
Sold For 32500

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 132
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1

image The only recorded 1847 cover from Bytown, Canada, which changed its name to Ottawa in 1855

5¢ Red Brown (1), two singles originally forming a horizontal pair, large even margins, left stamp light creases, tied by red "10" in circle handstamps, third strike at right on small folded letter from Bytown, Canada, to New York City, well-struck "Bytown U.C. Mar. 2, 1849" circular datestamp, manuscript "9" pence and red "PAID" handstamp indicates Canadian postage was paid in cash, red "Montreal L.C. MR 4, 1849" backstamp, Very Fine, a very unusual use from Canada to the United States, Bytown is between 100-200 miles from the border, so 9 pence was charged for the Canadian portion of the postage, ex Rust and Boker, illustrated in Boggs, The Postage Stamps and Postal History of Canada (p. 71) (Image)

E. $ 2,000-3,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 2,500.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:25:21 EST
Sold For 2500

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 133
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image Choice four-margin 10¢ 1847 stamp used on cover from Canada to New York City

10¢ Black (2), large margins to full, detailed impression, tied by pen strokes on blue folded letter from St. Catharines, Canada, to New York City, from the Kennedy correspondence, reddish brown "St. Catherines U.C. Dec. 7, 1849" circular datestamp with matching "PAID" handstamp, latter deleted in pen, red manuscript "4-1/2" pence due marking also ties stamp, sender also added a "paid 40" charge box number in corner, Queenston backstamp (December 8), file folds not affecting stamp or markings, Very Fine, a rare and desirable use of the 1847 Issue from Canada, ex Rust and Stollnitz (Image)

E. $ 2,000-3,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 1,200.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:26:00 EST
Sold For 1200

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 134
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image 10¢ 1847 cover from Canada to United States with 3-pence Canadian ferriage rate paid in cash

10¢ Black (2), three large margins, clear to just touched at bottom, plate scratches in right margin, tied by manuscript on folded letter from Kingston, Canada, to New York City, red "Kingston U.C. JA 23, 1850" circular datestamp, red "Cape Vincent N.Y. Jan. 30" circular datestamp, interesting contents asks for information on transportation to California, Very Fine and extremely rare use, the 3p ferriage rate applied to mail crossing between Cape Vincent and Kingston, which required two ferries and a land crossing--the ferriage rate applied until the new U.S.-Canadian postal treaty took effect on April 6, 1851--lots 129 and 130 in this sale show examples of the rate from the U.S. to Canada, this example from Canada is extremely rare, one 5¢ cover and two 10¢ covers are verified examples of this rate in USPCS census, ex Makepeace, Hart and Hackmey (Image)

E. $ 2,000-3,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 1,500.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:26:42 EST
Sold For 1500

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 135
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image The only 10¢ 1847 cover from Canada with Whitehall, New York, "STEAM•BOAT" straightline

10¢ Black (2), large margins all around, tiny negligible tear at bottom left, used on folded letter from Montreal, Canada, to New York City, letter datelined "Montreal 5th July 1848," carried by Lake Champlain Transportation Co. steamboat to post office at Whitehall, New York, where stamp was cancelled by bold "5" rate handstamp and tied by two strikes of "STEAM•BOAT" straightline handstamp, third full strike at left, letter concerns shipping salt from Turks Island and loading vessels with lumber for return, Very Fine, a remarkable cover carried by steamboat from Montreal to Whitehall on Lake Champlain--covers to Canada with "Steamboat" markings are very rare, but this is the only recorded cover from Canada, the Whitehall "STEAM• BOAT" used with the "5" rate handstamp is recorded on two other intra-U.S. 1848 stampless covers (PhilaMercury nos. 1584 and 27044), ex Wolcott, Sweet, Haas and Boker (Image)

E. $ 3,000-4,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 6,250.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:27:37 EST
Sold For 6250

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 136
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1

image U.S. Express Mail route agent's datestamp on 5¢ 1847 cover to New Brunswick

5¢ Red Brown (1), horizontal pair, large margins to barely in at right, tied by red grid cancels, matching "U.S. Express Mail N. York N.Y. May 11" (1850) circular datestamp on blue folded letter to St. John, New Brunswick, sender's route directive "pr Favors Express" crossed out and "pr Mail" and "paid" written at top left, manuscript "7" pence due marking, blue St. Andrews (May 16) and black St. John (May 17) backstamps, Very Fine, a rare use to New Brunswick, the USPCS census lists only five confirmed covers to New Brunswick with two 5¢ 1847 Issue stamps, and only 15 covers total (though two may not exist, which would lower the count to 13, and several are fronts only), ex Krug and Boker (Image)

E. $ 1,000-1,500

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 800.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:28:12 EST
Sold For 800

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 137
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image A beautiful and very rare cover to New Brunswick with the 10¢ 1847 Issue

10¢ Black (2), Position 14R, large even margins, tied by red grid cancel, matching light strike of "New-York Jan. 31" (1850) circular datestamp on blue folded letter to Sackville, New Brunswick, sender's notation "paid to the lines", neat manuscript "9" pence due marking, St. John (February 5) and Sackville (February 7) backstamps, lightly cleaned, Extremely Fine, a gorgeous 10¢ 1847 on a cover to New Brunswick, the USPCS census records only 15 covers to New Brunswick (two may not exist, which would lower the count to 13), only five have the 10¢ stamp, ex Grunin, Garrett and Boker, Ward backstamp (Image)

E. $ 1,500-2,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 2,200.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:29:32 EST
Sold For 2200

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 138
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image One of two recorded (and verified) covers with the 1847 Issue used from any of the British Maritime Provinces--an outstanding postal history artifact

10¢ Black (2), large margins all around, tied by red "Robbinston Me. Apr. 10" (1851) circular datestamp on folded letter from St. John, New Brunswick, to New York City, letter from Wiggins & Son to D. S. Kennedy datelined "St. John NB 8 Apl 1851", red "St. John N.B. Paid AP 8, 1851" origination datestamp, second clearer strike of Robbinston circular datestamp at left, manuscript "7" pence marking for Canadian postage was paid in cash as confirmed by manuscript "Pd SW&Son" notation next to the marking, blue St. Andrews circular datestamp on back (April 9), crossed border by land route between St. Andrews and Robbinston

Very Fine cover; stamp has vertical crease and small tear caused by file fold, but this is immaterial considering the great rarity of this cover--this is one of two verifiable 1847 covers originating in New Brunswick (or any of the Maritime Provinces), and only this cover has New Brunswick postmarks.

In an article by David D'Alessandris ("1847 Covers to the Maritime Provinces: An Update," Chronicle 238), this cover is pictured and described, with the following comment: "Notably, this cover was mailed just after the effective date for the U.S. postal treaty with Canada [April 6, 1851]. Had the cover originated in Canada, rather than New Brunswick, the 10¢ stamp would have paid the cover to destination, rather than only paying the United States portion of the postage."

An appendix to the D'Alessandris article lists four 1847 covers originating in the Maritime Provinces, but only two can be verified with photographs, both originating from New Brunswick: the cover offered here (USPCS census nos. 36) and a cover with Eastport, Maine, "SHIP" and "2" handstamps, but no New Brunswick markings (census no. 1956, ex Mirsky, Sale 1023, lot 2478).

The other two covers listed by D'Alessandris are USPCS census nos. 305, dated 8/17/1847, with a 10¢ from St. John N.B., Kennedy correspondence; and no. 230, dated 6/28/1851, with a 10¢ bisect from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Kennedy correspondence. Neither of these two has been photographed or verified with corroborating records, and we believe they have either been discredited as fakes or misentered in the census data. The bisect cover might be one certified as a fake (P.F. nos. 197546/272314), which has a Hartford June 28 datestamp and is addressed to D. S. Kennedy (this date and addressee match USPCS census no. 230).

Ex Dr. John L. Robertson and Joseph Hackmey. (Image)

E. $ 7,500-10,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 8,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:30:33 EST
Sold For 8000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 139
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1, 2

image A spectacular 5¢ and 10¢ 1847 combination cover to Nova Scotia by Cunard packet

5¢ Brown, 10¢ Black (1, 2), 5¢ large margins to clear, two 10¢ (Positions 53R and 52R) with large margins to just in, slightly overlapping, manuscript m-shaped cancels, blue "Baltimore Md. May 28" (1849) circular datestamp on blue folded cover from Thomas R. Matthews to Robert Noble in Halifax, Nova Scotia, 5¢ tied by scarce "s/d 1/ 1-1/2 Cy" in circle due handstamp (1sh sterling=1sh1-1/2d currency), sender's directive "pr. Steamer Canada via N. York", "UD. STATES/HALIFAX/JU 2 1849" Halifax receiving backstamp

Very Fine; slight toning along vertical file fold away from stamps. This is a rare and spectacular combination 5¢ and 10¢ 1847 Issue franking, used on a cover to Nova Scotia and intended (in error) to pay the 24¢ treaty rate applicable to letters carried from the United States to Great Britain via Halifax, Nova Scotia. To correct the USPCS 1847 census, there are only two covers with 5¢ and 10¢ 1847 combinations addressed to Robert Noble. The listing for a third cover with a 5/24/1849 date (no. 2787) is unverified and probably duplicates the entry for this cover (no. 2788).

The Noble 1847 combination covers, mailed after the Retaliatory Rate period, reflect confusion over how the new 24¢ U.S.-British treaty rate was to be applied to letters to the Maritime Provinces. This situation is explained by David D'Alessandris ("1847 Covers to the Maritime Provinces: An Update," Chronicle 238):

In January 1848, the Cunard Line began operating a second transatlantic route between Liverpool and New York. Like the Liverpool to Boston route, the Liverpool to New York steamers stopped en route in both directions in Halifax. However, by September 1850, Cunard stopped calling at Halifax on the Liverpool to New York route, probably to increase the speed of the crossing to better compete with United States steamship lines.

As noted earlier, the Cunard Line rates to Halifax were not widely known, were not listed in the United States Mail and Post Office Assistant until 1863, and were not listed in the Postal Laws and Regulations until the 1866 edition. Moreover, the Cunard packet rates to Halifax, after the implementation of the U.S.-U.K. postal treaty, were illogical. Letters destined for the same Cunard steamer paid different postage based upon the destination. A letter to England could be paid 24¢ to destination, but a letter to be carried on the same Cunard steamer to Halifax, in a British Province, could only be paid to the port. Moreover, letters carried pursuant to the British open mail provisions of the United Kingdom treaty were charged a uniform 5¢ inland postage regardless of the distance to the port of debarkation, while letters to Halifax, not covered by the British open mail provisions, were still liable to charges of 5¢ or 10¢ depending upon the distance to the port. Letters from Halifax were also subject to confusion. At the start of the treaty period, letters arriving at Boston or New York from the United Kingdom were rated 1 shilling (24¢) to destination. However, letters arriving from Halifax, which were carried on the same ship (but a much shorter distance) were prepaid the same 1 shilling packet postage, but were charged ordinary inland postage of 5¢ or 10¢ to destination. Given these illogical rates, it is no surprise that there was confusion.

Ex Rep. Ernest R. Ackerman, Henry C. Gibson, Sr., Capt. Edward R. Wood, Jr., Philip H. Ward, Jr., John D. Pope III and Henry Stollnitz. Illustrated in Brookman, The 19th Century Postage Stamps of the United States (Vol. 1, p. 33). With 1985 P.F. certificate. (Image)

E. $ 15,000-20,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 27,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:32:00 EST
Sold For 27000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 140
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1, 2

image One of ten recorded 1847 Issue Retaliatory Rate uses--only three have the 5¢ and 10¢ stamps combined, and only two are addressed to the Maritime Provinces

DESCRIPTION

5¢ Red Brown (1), horizontal strip of three, and two 10¢ Black (2) singles arranged as a pair, 5¢ strip has full margins to clear on three sides, full to just in at right, left 10¢ has large margins to clear, right 10¢ large margins to just in at bottom, latter shows slip of the engraver's tool in frameline at lower left, one 5¢ and both 10¢ have pinpoints in neat rows from the use of affixing wafers, tied by red square grid cancels, matching "New-York Aug. 22" (1848) circular datestamp, red "BALTIMORE R.R." straightline handstamp clearly struck on blue part-printed notice (a front panel with one original flap) to Halifax, Nova Scotia, addressed to John Esson & Co., sender's directive "pr Cunard steamer from Boston of 23 August" at lower left, as well as "paid by stamps" which is mostly covered by the 5¢ strip--carried on the Cunarder Acadia, departing Boston on August 23, 1848, and arriving at Halifax August 25 before continuing its transatlantic voyage to Liverpool, where it arrived September 4--the Halifax office first backstamped the cover with "SHIP-LETTER/HALIFAX N.S./25AU1848" framed datestamp, but this was crossed out in manuscript and the same clerk rated the cover "1/-" one-shilling due for British packet postage, disregarding the prepayment, backstamped with the appropriate packet receiving datestamp "UD. STATES/HALIFAX/AU 25 1848"

PROVENANCE

John F. Seybold, J. C. Morgenthau, Sale 29, 3/15-16/1910, lot 37

Creighton C. Hart, Robert G. Kaufmann sale, 4/30/1990, lot 248

John R. Boker, Jr. (collection sold privately to William H. Gross, 1994)

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

USPCS census no. 8887 https://www.uspcs.org/resource-center/censuses/1847-cover-census/

Creighton C. Hart, "1847 Covers to the Maritime Provinces," Chronicle 78, p. 80

David D'Alessandris, "1847 Covers to the Maritime Provinces: An Update," Chronicle 238, fig. 11

CONDITION NOTES

Very Fine appearance; a front with one original flap (with backstamps) and other flaps added, silked inside, one 5¢ creased from file fold

HISTORY AND COMMENTARY

The British and American Postal War

The so-called Retaliatory Period resulted from Great Britain's effort to maintain its monopoly on transatlantic mail carriage through the subsidized Cunard steamship line, which operated without competition from 1840 through 1846. In response to the emergence of subsidized American packets in 1847 (the Ocean Line), the British issued an order (effective June 9, 1847) authorizing its receiving offices to collect the usual British packet postage on letters carried to England by American subsidized steamers. This effectively allowed England to collect 24¢ packet charges for every inbound letter, whether or not any service had been performed.

The United States vehemently protested the British order through diplomatic channels, but efforts to persuade the government to rescind the anti-American postal tariff were unsuccessful. In December 1847, U.S. Postmaster General Cave Johnson petitioned Congress for power to levy like charges on mail carried by British steamers to or from the U.S., but he was not authorized to do so until June 1848. On all inbound and outbound Cunard sailings from June 24, 1848, through December 31, 1848, American packet postage was required, whether or not an American vessel was used, creating the so-called Retaliatory Rate. Beginning with the departure of the Europa on January 10, 1849, earlier rates were restored.

The first mail affected by the U.S. Retaliatory Rate was outbound mail carried on the Cunard Line's Britannia, which left New York on July 5, 1848, and arrived in Liverpool on July 19. Days later, on July 8, the Cunarder Caledonia arrived in New York with its mail. Every letter on these ships and all subsequent packets during the Retaliatory Period were charged both British and U.S. packet postage, including packet letters to Nova Scotia.

On December 15, 1848, a postal treaty between the two nations was signed. It was ratified in January and the treaty terms commenced on February 15, 1849.

This cover to Nova Scotia reflects the dispute between the U.S. and Great Britain. The sender paid 10¢ for U.S. postage from Baltimore to Boston and the 24¢ sea postage (1¢ overpayment). The letter was carried on the Cunarder Acadia from Boston, which stopped at Halifax on August 25, 1848. At the Halifax office, the 24¢ prepayment was ignored and the "1/-" shilling due marking indicated the amount owed for sea postage.

Only ten 1847 Issue uses are known with Retaliatory Rate charges. Of the ten, only two are addressed to the Maritime Provinces (both to Nova Scotia) and three have a combination of the two 1847 denominations. (Image)

E. $ 20,000-30,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 28,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:34:01 EST
Sold For 28000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 141
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image 1847 cover from Brazil to Nova Scotia via New York City, where it entered the mail as a ship letter

10¢ Black (2), two singles, Positions 97R and 100R, left stamp ample margins to just in at right, right stamp large margins except tiny v-shaped nick at top, tied by red square grid cancels, matching "New-York Feb. 29" (1848) leap year datestamp on folded cover from Pernambuco, Brazil, to New York City, where received as a ship letter and forwarded to Halifax, Nova Scotia, stamps affixed over manuscript ship-name directive "Pr Sooloo" which sailed from Pernambuco on January 22, 1848, and arrived at New York on February 28, blue manuscript "6" ship-letter rate, red wax seal "McE Co., Pernambuco" (McEvers & Co.), addressed to J. & M. Tobin in Halifax, care of Bache McEvers in New York, after this arrived in New York the "care of" portion of address and ship directive were crossed out and the two stamps were affixed before remailing (double rate to Nova Scotia), clear "FORWARDED BY/BACHE McEVERS/NEW-YORK" backstamp, blue St. Andrew (March 4), St. John (March 6) and oval Halifax (March 11) backstamps, manuscript "2/3" rate for 2 shillings 3 pence due, receipt docketing "Capt. R. Thomas, January 22, 1848", slight wear along file fold, cover stains and mended tears, otherwise Fine, a very unusual and probably unique ship letter from Brazil to New York and on to Nova Scotia, ex Hart and Boker (Image)

E. $ 2,000-3,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 2,300.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:35:05 EST
Sold For 2300

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 142
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1

image Cover originating in Halifax, Nova Scotia, and sent to Canada through the United States

5¢ Red Brown (1), two singles, bright color, large margins to barely in on one, slightly overlapping, tied by black grid cancels, and red "Boston 10cts 5 Oct." (1850) integral-rate circular datestamp on gray folded cover originating in Halifax, Nova Scotia, and sent to St. Catharines, Canada West, origin confirmed by clear "Wm Pryor & Sons, Halifax, Octr. 2, 1850, state of market" docketing on top flap and sender's routing instructions "via Boston" at lower left, "Queenston U.C. Oct. 9, 1850" circular datestamp, manuscript "4-1/2" pence due marking also ties one stamp, Very Fine and unusual use, carried by a passenger on the Cunarder Cambria from Halifax to Boston (departing October 3, arriving October 5), where the two 5¢ stamps were applied, then put into the mails--the overland rate entirely within Canada and provinces would have been 2 shilling 7-1/2 pence (more than U.S. 50¢), so a significant savings in both time and money was gained by sending this to Boston and using the U.S. mail to Canada, ex Hart and Boker, illustrated in an article by Susan M. McDonald titled "Remember that Time is Money: Two Unusual Covers with U.S. 1847 Stamps" (1973 Congress Book) (Image)

E. $ 2,000-3,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 1,600.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:35:51 EST
Sold For 1600

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 143
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image The earliest of the three recorded 1847 Issue covers to Prince Edward Island and the only cover to that destination sent by steamer

10¢ Black (2), large margins to clear, tied by two or three strikes of red grid cancel, matching "STEAM•BOAT" straightline and "X" Roman numeral 10¢ rate handstamp (rate crossed out) applied at Eastport, Maine, where it entered the post office, on grayish blue folded letter datelined "Boston, U. States, Thursday, 10th May, 1849" to Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, sender's routing instructions "Via New Brunswick" at lower left, clear strike of "ST. JOHN•N•B/SHIP LETTER" two-line handstamp, backstamped St. John (May 12), Pictou (May 14) and Prince Edward Island (May 17), manuscript "1/4" 1sh4p (currency) ship-letter rate due marking applied at St. John, New Brunswick

Very Fine; stamp slightly toned, a few bleached spots in cover--inconsequential flaws, considering this is one of only three 1847 covers to Prince Edward Island, the earliest of the three, and the only one that was carried by steamer route rather than by land. Only one other 1847 cover has this combination of markings (it is addressed to Pictou, Nova Scotia).

The letter writer describes his journey, noting that he arrived in Portland by steamer the day before and then traveled by railroad to Boston. He anticipates going to New York City--"I have some idea if I can get ready in time to go to New York & there take the steamer for Halifax."--which explains the presence of the U.S. "STEAM•BOAT" handstamp. Rather than put the letter into the Boston post office, the writer entrusted it to the captain of a steam vessel--probably Hiram Favor, captain of the Admiral--who carried it to Eastport, Maine. The 10¢ rate handstamp was crossed out and the 10¢ stamp was cancelled. It left Eastport, Maine, on the steamer Maid of Erin on its regularly scheduled trip to St. John, New Brunswick, arriving on Saturday, May 12. At St. John the cover entered the British mail system as a ship letter, receiving the "ST. JOHN•N•B/SHIP LETTER" handstamp. From St. John it was conveyed to Pictou, Nova Scotia, and on to Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island.

Other than the destination, this cover is very similar to the 5¢ 1847 cover to Pictou, Nova Scotia, with the same "STEAM•BOAT" and "ST. JOHN•N•B/SHIP LETTER" handstamps, illustrated in an article by David D'Alessandris ("1847 Covers to the Maritime Provinces: An Update," Chronicle 238, fig. 2, USPCS census no. 4404). Both covers were received at Eastport as steamboat letters and at St. John as ship letters.

Ex Dale-Lichtenstein and John R. Boker, Jr. (Image)

E. $ 10,000-15,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 17,500.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:37:39 EST
Sold For 17500

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 144
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image Bottom sheet-margin 10¢ 1847 Issue on cover to Canada, postmarked on the first day of the treaty that allowed letters to be fully prepaid--the only recorded April 6, 1851, cover

10¢ Black (2), Position 99R, three large margins including wide bottom sheet margin, clear to in at left, tied by red square grid cancel, matching "New-York Apl. 6" (1851) circular datestamp on blue folded letter to Hamilton, Canada West, manuscript "U.S." in magenta exchange marking also ties stamp, neat "Queenston U.C. Apr. 8, 1851" transit datestamp, red Hamilton receiving backstamp (April 9)

Very Fine--this is the only recorded 1847 Issue cover to Canada postmarked on April 6, 1851, the first day that the U.S.-Canada treaty rate took effect, which allowed for full prepayment of mail between the two countries. It is especially desirable with a manuscript exchange office marking, which is unique, and the clearly struck datestamps.

Prior to April 6, 1851, letters sent to Canada could only be prepaid to the border. Canadian postage, based on weight and distance, was charged to the recipient. Effective April 6, 1851, the postal agreement established a rate of 10¢ per half ounce (6 pence reciprocal rate in Canada), with the exception of some West Coast destinations to which a 15¢ rate applied. Short paid mail would be treated as completely unpaid. Each country retained all postage fees collected.

The agreement required a "U. States" marking to be applied, along with a notation of "Paid" in red ink if prepaid or in black if treated as unpaid. The cover offered here, postmarked on the first day of the new rates, does not bear either of those markings, except for the improvised "U.S." manuscript marking.

The 1847 Issue was demonetized on July 1, 1851, so there was only a brief period (April-June 1851) when covers could be prepaid with the new rate using 1847 stamps. Mail to and from the Maritime Provinces was not subject to a similar agreement until July 6, 1851, after the 1847 Issue was demonetized.

Ex John D. Pope III, Dr. John L. Robertson and Joseph Hackmey. Described in Stanley B. Ashbrook, Special Service, #80, p. 649, photo 318. (Image)

E. $ 15,000-20,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 11,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:38:36 EST
Sold For 11000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 145
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image The earliest post-demonetization use of the 1847 Issue from Canada

10¢ Black (2), three large margins, ample to just in at upper right, crisp impression, small scuff at top left, tied by red "Montreal L.C. JY 28, 1851" circular datestamp on blue folded cover from Montreal, Canada to New York City, from the D. S. Kennedy correspondence, demonetized use accepted as fully paid in Canada and New York, originally treated as unpaid with "6d" in circle handstamp applied in Montreal, this was struck out by a Canadian 7-ring target cancel, red "CANADA" in arc handstamp applied as required by postal agreement, red "PAID" arc handstamp applied in New York indicates this was considered fully prepaid

Very Fine cover; one vertical file fold passes through 10¢ stamp, but is not disfiguring. An extremely rare demonetized use of the 1847 Issue on a cover to New York City, originating in Montreal, Canada, on July 28, 1851. Only six or seven demonetized covers with the 1847 Issue are known from Canada, and of these only four are from Montreal. The USPCS census no. 282 is a cover dated 7/29/1851, but without a photo or corroboration it seems very likely the entry is based on this cover, listed as no. 281.

The 1847 Issue was demonetized on July 1, 1851. Supplies of the 1847 Issue sent to Canada could be redeemed through September 30, 1851; however, not all stamps were redeemed, and some were used after demonetization. Although no longer valid on mail posted within the United States, the stamps on mail from Canada to the U.S. were accepted--the latest use is on April 6, 1853. According to Creighton C. Hart, the demonetization order was "not binding on residents of Canada," which appears to be empirically true (Chronicle 80, where this cover is photographed). The addressee, D. S. Kennedy, was the Canadian government's fiscal agent in the United States, another reason to accept the stamp, even though it would have deprived Canada of revenue since the payment in U.S. stamps meant the U.S. kept all postage.

Ex John D. Pope III, Dr. John L. Robertson and Joseph Hackmey. Described in Stanley B. Ashbrook, Special Service, #68, p. 551, photo 272. Illustrated in Bakers' U.S. Classics (p. 181). (Image)

E. $ 7,500-10,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 8,500.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:40:08 EST
Sold For 8500

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 146
Symbol: C
Cat No: Collection

image The famous Canada and United States First Issues mixed-franking cover with a 1851 3p "Beaver" and single 5¢ 1847 Issue, both cancelled in Montreal, Canada-- one of the most desirable covers in all of classic worldwide philately

DESCRIPTION

5¢ Red Brown (1), three ample margins, clear to just slightly in at left, late impression, used with Canada, 1851, 3p Red on Laid (1), large even margins, bright color, both stamps tied by bold strikes of Canadian 7-ring target cancel, red "Montreal L.C. JU 8, 1851" circular datestamp, red "CANADA" in framed arc cross-border handstamp on blue folded letter from Montreal, Canada, to New York City, from the D. S. Kennedy correspondence, datelined "Montreal, June 7th 1851", sender's notation "p. paid" at top right, red "PAID" arc handstamp applied in New York ties both stamps and confirms that the 5¢ stamp affixed in Canada was accepted as full prepayment

PROVENANCE

Alfred F. Lichtenstein and Louise Boyd Dale, H. R. Harmer, Sale 10, 12/7-8/1970, lot 16, to Hillmer

Duane Hillmer (sold privately to Grunin)

Louis Grunin (sold privately to Garrett)

Duane B. Garrett (collection sold privately to Dr. Kapiloff)

Dr. Leonard Kapiloff, Siegel Auction Galleries, 6/9/1992, Sale 743, lot 121, to Craveri

Guido Craveri, Bennett sale, 3/23/2002, lot 47

Acquired by William H. Gross in a private transaction

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

USPCS census no. 261 https://www.uspcs.org/resource-center/censuses/1847-cover-census/

Winthrop S. Boggs, The Postage Stamps and Postal History of Canada, p. 79, fig. 36

Creighton C. Hart, "1847 Cross-Border Covers," Chronicle 98, p. 96, fig. 3

INTERPHIL 1976 (Hillmer)

Special Exhibition of Greatest Covers from the Collections of Alfred F. Lichtenstein and Louise Boyd Dale, published by The Philatelic Foundation, 1995

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (1992)

CONDITION NOTES

Extremely Fine; faint vertical file fold affects 3p stamp

HISTORY AND COMMENTARY

One Beaver, One Benjamin--Both Cancelled in Canada

The events that created the Beaver cover start on April 6, 1851, when a new postal treaty between Canada and the United States went into effect. For decades there had been no easy way to pay postage on letters between the two adjoining North American nations. Postage on each side was calculated based on distance to the border, and letters would be delivered marked postage due for the receiving country's share. The 1851 postal treaty created a reciprocal postage rate--6 pence in Canada and 10 cents in the U.S.--without any need for cumbersome postage collection. The new agreement went into effect on April 6, 1851.

On April 23, 1851, Canada's first issue of postage stamps became available. The 3-pence stamp was an orange-red, rectangular design depicting a semi-aquatic rodent, whose lustrous fur, when removed and turned into hats, had made it a vital part of Canada's economic history and a symbol of the British North American colony--the beaver. The Beaver stamp paid the 3p domestic rate in Canada.

At the same time in the United States, Congress had established lower postage rates and authorized new stamps to pay them, set for release on July 1, 1851. On that day the old 1847 Issue would no longer be valid for postage, and a three-month redemption period would commence. For years before, the 1847 stamps had been supplied to Canadian post offices and used there to prepay the U.S. postage on letters addressed to the states. After the 1851 U.S.-Canada postal treaty took effect, Canadian postmasters accepted the U.S. stamps in payment of the Canada 6-pence rate (roughly equivalent to 10¢ U.S.), even after the 1847s were demonetized in the their own country of origin.

The time between the release date of Canada's first issue and the last day the 1847 Issue was valid for postage in the U.S. is 69 days. During this brief period, the first issues of both countries, printed by the same firm--Rawdon, Wright, Hatch & Edson--could be used on the same letter, but only under very unusual circumstances, which technically skirted the rules of the new treaty, but were nonetheless practiced and accepted by post offices on both sides.

This cover with a single Canada 3p Beaver and 5¢ 1847 was highlighted in Sale 10 of the Dale-Lichtenstein collection (H. R. Harmer, 12/7-8/1970) and realized $9,000, the second highest price of the auction, exceeded only by the mint corner pair of the Canada 1851 12p Black. It became part of the Duane Hillmer collection of Canada and then passed to Louis Grunin when the Hillmer collection was sold privately. Grunin's 1847s were acquired by Duane Garrett, and then the entire Garrett collection was bought by Dr. Leonard Kapiloff. At the Kapiloff sale in 1992, Guido Craveri bought the Beaver cover, and it was later sold to Mr. Gross. (Image)

E. $ 300,000-400,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 300,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:41:52 EST
Sold For 300000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 147
Symbol: C
Cat No: Collection

image One of the three recorded Canada and United States First Issues mixed-franking covers--this is the only cover sent from the United States to Canada

DESCRIPTION

5¢ Red Brown (1), large margins to clear, bright shade, used with Canada, 1851, 3p Red on Laid (1), large margins to just clear where bottom right corner clipped, used on folded letter from the United States to Canada, datelined "Scottsville May 3 1851" and addressed to Thomas R. Merritt at St. Catharines, red grid cancel struck twice--one tying 5¢ and other cancelling 3p at origin--matching red "Rochester N.Y. May 4" (1851) circular datestamp, red "U. STATES" in arc handstamp (Type A-2, probably applied at Lewiston, New York), black "Queenston U.C. May 6, 1851" circular datestamp also ties 5¢ stamp, no due markings which indicates the 3p Beaver stamp was accepted at the U.S. origin and Canadian receiving post offices, receipt docketing "Scofield & Co., May 3d 1851"

PROVENANCE

Hermann Wollenberger (given to grandson, Robert Friend), Ashbrook index card files

J. M. Bartels "Rarity" sale, 4/27/1940, lot 7

Barrett G. Hindes, H. R. Harmer sale, 1/23/1968, lot 22

Dr. John L. Robertson, Bennett sale, 9/23/2004, lot 138, to Hackmey

Joseph Hackmey (collection sold privately to William H. Gross, 2010)

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

USPCS census no. 9024 https://www.uspcs.org/resource-center/censuses/1847-cover-census/

Winthrop S. Boggs, The Postage Stamps and Postal History of Canada, p. 77, fig. 34

Lester G. Brookman, United States Postage Stamps of the 19th Century, Vol. I, p. 24, fig. 21

Ed Richardson, "Philatelic Byways Thru 19th Century B.N.A. Victorian Canada," The Stamp Specialist, 1944 Maroon Book, p. 78

CERTIFICATION

The Philatelic Foundation (1959 and 2004)

CONDITION NOTES

Very Fine; 3p light soiling and small crease, cover with faint waterstains (the latter not noted on certificate)

Signed by Stanley B. Ashbrook with note "after a very careful examination it is my opinion that this rare cover is absolutely genuine" (September 15, 1944)

HISTORY AND COMMENTARY

The Unique Beaver Cover to Canada

As explained in the History and Commentary section of the previous lot description, the 1851 postal treaty created a reciprocal postage rate--6 pence in Canada and 10 cents in the U.S.--without any need for cumbersome postage collection. The new agreement went into effect on April 6, 1851. On April 23, 1851, Canada's first issue of postage stamps became available. The 3-pence stamp was an orange-red, rectangular design depicting a beaver--it is familiarly known to stamp collectors as the Beaver.

The time between the release date of Canada's first issue and the last day the 1847 Issue was valid for postage in the U.S. is 69 days. During this brief period, the first issues of both countries, printed by the same firm--Rawdon, Wright, Hatch & Edson--could be used on the same letter, but only under very unusual circumstances, which technically skirted the rules of the new treaty, but were nonetheless practiced and accepted by post offices on both sides.

Three covers and two pieces are recorded with mixed frankings of Canada 3p Beaver and 1847 Issue stamps (all 5¢). Two of the covers and both pieces originated in Canada. The Beaver and single 5¢ cover is addressed to New York City (offered in lot 146), and both stamps were cancelled in Canada. The other cover from Canada is addressed to England and has a strip of 5¢ stamps, which was not cancelled until the cover reached New York City. The cover offered here was mailed in the opposite direction, from Scottsville, New York, to Canada. Scottsville is located near Rochester, where it was postmarked. It traveled about 90 miles west to Lewiston, New York, an exchange office for cross-border mail, and was carried another 10 miles to St. Catharines, Canada.

Stanley B. Ashbrook made note of this cover after it first appeared in one of the J. M. Bartels "Rarity" sales, held on April 27, 1940. Ashbrook's index card notes state that the original owner was Hermann Wollenberger, a Chicago resident, who informed Ashbrook on December 12, 1942, that he had given the cover to his grandson, Robert Friend. The cover later appeared in the 1968 Barrett G. Hindes sale held by H. R. Harmer. It may have been acquired in that sale by Dr. John L. Robertson. When the Robertson collection was sold by Bennett in 2004, it was bought by Joseph Hackmey. The entire Hackmey collection was acquired by William H. Gross in 2010. With the acquisition of the Hackmey collection, Mr. Gross became the first collector to own all three 1847/Beaver mixed-franking covers. (Image)

E. $ 75,000-100,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 67,500.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:43:09 EST
Sold For 67500


1847 Issue to Continental Europe

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 155
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1

image 5¢ 1847 on a way-mail letter from New Orleans to France via Mobile, Alabama

5¢ Red Brown (1), large margins to just clear at bottom, deep rich color and detailed impression, tied by blue grid cancel with matching "Mobile Ala. Dec. 2" (1849) circular datestamp on folded letter datelined at New Orleans and addressed to Paris, France, sender's directive "p Steamer from N. York to Lpool"--carried on a Mississippi River steamboat from New Orleans to Mobile, then on the Cunarder Canada, departing New York on December 12, 1849, and arriving at Liverpool December 24--red London transit backstamp (December 25), red "COLONIES/&c ART. 13" Anglo-French accountancy handstamp, red Calais arrival datestamp (December 26), manuscript "30" decimes due, Very Fine, a beautiful 5¢ 1847 cover to France, ex Hubbard and Boker (Image)

E. $ 1,500-2,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 1,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:51:03 EST
Sold For 1000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 156
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1

image A gorgeous 5¢ Deep Red Brown from the First Printing on an October 1847 cover to France

5¢ Deep Red Brown (1), exceptionally rich color and detailed impression from the First Printing--sometimes called the 1847 Orange Brown--large margins to full at top, tied by red square grid cancel on October 30, 1847, docketed folded cover from New York City to Paris, France, sender's ship-name directive "p Cambria via Boston"--carried on that Cunarder from Boston on November 1, 1847, and arriving at Liverpool November 15--red London transit backstamp (November 16), partly clear strike of red "COLONIES/&c ART. 13" Anglo-French accountancy handstamp, red Calais arrival datestamp (November 18) also ties stamp, manuscript "20" decimes due, Extremely Fine, a stunning 5¢ 1847 stamp on a beautiful cover to France, Miro handstamp, ex Boker, with 1985 P.F. certificate (Image)

E. $ 1,500-2,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 2,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:52:06 EST
Sold For 2000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 157
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1

image 5¢ 1847 on a petite cover to Austrian Silesia (today part of the Czech Republic)

5¢ Red Brown (1), mostly large margins to clear at bottom right, tied by three strikes of red "5" numeral handstamp, blue "Baltimore Md. Sep. 23" (1850) circular datestamp on small envelope to Freiwaldau, Silesia, then part of Austria and now part of the Czech Republic, from the Glenn correspondence, sender's directive "per Cunard Steamer"--carried on the Cunarder Asia, departing New York on September 25, 1850, and arriving at Liverpool October 5--also manuscript "via Berlin", red London transit backstamp (October 6), "AMERICAperENGLAND" rectangular framed backstamp applied at Aachen, succession of rate markings including black "1/4" British debit to Prussia, re-rated in Germany with blue "16" crossed out and "49" and "Posto 49" (Austrian kreuzers), partly readable blue "Freywaldau" straightline backstamp, receipt docketing "12 Oct.", original letter enclosure in English datelined September 20, 1850

Extremely Fine. This is one of the two finest of the nine 1847 Issue covers to Silesia recorded in the USPCS census and in Burkhard Krumm's article, "1847 Covers to the German States" (Chronicle 256, November 2017). All of the covers to Silesia have a single 5¢ stamp and come from the Glenn correspondence--dated from July 16, 1850, through May 28, 1851.

In the above-referenced article by Burkhard Krumm, he provides useful information about the destination of this and the other covers to Silesia:

There is some confusion about the location of Freiwaldau, since there were two towns of that name at that time, separated by only 170 miles. The town to which this correspondence was addressed is now called Jesenik (south of Breslau) and is part of the modern Czech Republic, but was in Austrian Silesia in 1850. The other Freiwaldau town is today called Gozdnica and belongs to Poland (west of Breslau). In summary, the Glenn covers were sent to imperial Austria and not to Prussia, but the destination was still within the German confederation (Deutscher Bund)...

Ex Duane B. Garrett and John. R. Boker, Jr. With 1985 P.F. certificate. (Image)

E. $ 3,000-4,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 4,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:53:05 EST
Sold For 4000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 158
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1b, 2

image The iconic Heidelberg cover, combining the two 1847 First General Issues, cancelled in red by the Michigan Central Railroad route agent, and prepaid for the United States portion of postage on an Ocean Line cover to Germany-- one of the most important and spectacular covers in classic philately

DESCRIPTION

5¢ Orange Brown, 10¢ Black (1b, 2), 5¢ horizontal strip of five, vivid color on strongly blued paper from a late printing--we are inclined to classify this shade as the Brown Orange--large margins except close at bottom of center stamp, 10¢ large margins at sides, ample at bottom and just in at top, fine impression, all six stamps tied by an equal number of strikes of vivid red 9-bar open grid cancel, matching "Mic. Central R.R. Mic. Apr. 4" (1851) Michigan Central Railroad route agent's circular datestamp on white envelope to Heidelberg, Baden, Germany, red "New-York Apr. 8" ocean mail circular datestamp (with "SHIP" removed) on back--carried on the Ocean Line Washington, departing New York on April 19, 1851, and arriving at Bremerhaven on May 5 after stopping at Southampton--black "PAID PART" straightline handstamp applied at New York to indicate prepayment of United States portion of postage (10¢ over-300 miles rate plus 24¢ ocean postage), red "AMERICA/UBER BREMEN" handstamp applied at the Hanover post office in Bremen, the same office applied red "1-1/3" gutegroschen handstamp indicating Hanover transit fee, the Thurn & Taxis office converted this to 6 kreuzers and added its 6 kreuzers transit fee--written as "6/6" in red--to which 4 kreuzers internal Baden postage was added for a total of 16 kreuzers due, written as a large "12" in black, Heidelberg backstamp (May 9)

PROVENANCE

C. R. Hurd, Daniel F. Kelleher sale, 1/11/1928, lot 180, to Gibson

Henry C. Gibson, Sr., Ward sale, 6/14-15/1944, lot 31, to Harry Keffer (either as agent for Meroni or later sold to Meroni)

Charles F. Meroni, John A. Fox sale, 11/10-14/1952, lot 1306, to Baker

J. David Baker, Siegel Auction Galleries, 4/4/1978, Sale 526, lot 57, to Dr. Kapiloff

Dr. Leonard Kapiloff, Siegel Auction Galleries, 1999 Rarities of the World, 5/15/1999, Sale 811, lot 28, to William H. Gross

CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES

USPCS census no. 12575 https://www.uspcs.org/resource-center/censuses/1847-cover-census/

Gordon Eubanks, Jr., "Covers with Three or More 1847 Stamps," Chronicle 254, fig. 8

Burkhard Krumm, "1847 Covers to the German States," Chronicle 256, fig. 9

Scott R. Trepel, "United States Classic Covers" (special color feature for Ameripex 1986), Chronicle 130, May 1986

CONDITION NOTES

Very Fine; 5¢ at center has sharp pre-use crease ending in small tear, Gibson backstamp

HISTORY AND COMMENTARY

Multiple Rare Elements in the Famous Heidelberg Cover

This cover is one of four 10¢ 1847 covers to Germany, and it is one of the few 1847 covers with either denomination carried by the Ocean Line. While that statement would suffice to make any cover stand out, this cover is even more significant. It is a combination franking with the 5¢ and 10¢ 1847 Issue, and the 5¢ stamps are in an extremely rare strip of five. The 5¢ strip is from a late printing in a beautiful Orange Brown shade (arguably Brown Orange). The envelope was carried on the Central Railroad of Michigan and has the route agent's datestamp, which is rarely seen on 1847 covers (only six recorded in USPCS census). At this point, we arrive at the most important historical aspect of this cover--it was prepaid 34¢ (with an unavoidable 1¢ overpayment) for the treaty rate to Germany for mail carried by an Ocean Line steamer.

Covers which have achieved iconic status are named, and this cover has been known to collectors as the Heidelberg cover for decades. A little background history will help put this cover in context.

The U.S. postal reforms of 1845 set in motion the post office's efforts to establish a subsidized American transatlantic mail line with regular routes to and from Europe. The creation of the Ocean Steam Navigation Company and successful negotiation of the U.S.-Bremen postal treaty of 1847 were consequences of this long and involved process, the history of which has been documented by students here and abroad. An excellent series of articles on the subject, including research by Wolfgang Diesner and Richard F. Winter, has appeared in the Chronicle (126, 129, 149 and 159), which updates earlier published work by George E. Hargest. More recently, Dwayne Littauer and Burkhard Krumm have made valuable contributions on this subject.

1847 Issue covers carried by the Ocean Line are very scarce, as are 1847 covers to Germany (fewer than 35 covers can be verified). Only four of the five 10¢ 1847 covers to Germany have been verified. The Heidelberg cover and the cover offered in lot 159 were carried on the same voyage of the Washington.

Lyman D. Norris was studying civil law in Heidelberg when he received this cover. In 1852 Norris represented Dred Scott when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Scott could not sue for his freedom, because he was property, not a person. (Image)

E. $ 150,000-200,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 135,000.00


Closed..Nov-01-2019, 11:05:16 EST
Sold For 135000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 159
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image One of four recorded 10¢ 1847 covers to Germany--this remarkable cover with its array of rate markings was carried from New York to Bremen by the Ocean Steam Navigation Company

10¢ Black (2), full margins to clear at bottom, cancelled by well-struck blue grid, matching "Schenectady N.Y. Apr. 14" (1851) circular datestamp on blue folded cover to Steinenstadt, Baden, Germany, red "New-York Apr. 15" circular datestamp on back--carried on the Ocean Line Washington, departing New York on April 19, 1851, and arriving at Bremerhaven on May 5 after stopping at Southampton--receiving backstamp (May 9)

Very Fine; stamp has toned spots tying it to the cover (faint stains on inside of letter), manuscript notations erased at right.

This outstanding cover is one of four verified 10¢ 1847 covers to Germany, and it is one of the few with either denomination carried by the Ocean Line.

The complex markings are explained in Burkhard Krumm's article, "1847 Covers to the German States," in Chronicle 256, which illustrates and describes this cover. The 10¢ stamp pays the double 5¢ under-300 miles rate from Schenectady to New York City. The "48" debit handstamp was applied at the New York foreign-mail office for the double 24¢ American Packet rate. The red "AMERICA/UBER BREMEN" handstamp was applied at the Hanover post office in Bremen, where the red crayon "18" was written to its left to indicate the amount owed to Bremen in gutegroschen (approximately 48¢). The same clerk wrote "1-1/4" in red crayon at lower left indicating that the weight was 1-1/4 loth (double rate). Hanover added 2-2/3 gutegroschen for its transit fee and applied the red "20-2/3" handstamp at upper left as a debit to the Thurn & Taxis post office, which converted the amount to 89 kreuzers and added 11 kreuzers for transit to Wurttemberg. This total of 100 kreuzers equals 1 gulden 40 kreuzers, to which Thurn & Taxis added another 24 kreuzers for Baden internal postage, written as "1f40/24" at center. The total amount due, 2 gulden 4 kreuzers (124 kreuzers), is written as "2f4c" at right.

The U.S. postal reforms of 1845 set in motion the post office's efforts to establish a subsidized American transatlantic mail line with regular routes to and from Europe. The creation of the Ocean Steam Navigation Company and successful negotiation of the U.S.-Bremen postal treaty of 1847 were consequences of this long and involved process, the history of which has been documented by students here and abroad. An excellent series of articles on the subject, including research by Wolfgang Diesner and Richard F. Winter, has appeared in the Chronicle (126, 129, 149 and 159), which updates earlier published work by George E. Hargest. More recently, Dwayne Littauer and Burkhard Krumm have made valuable contributions on this subject.

1847 Issue covers carried by the Ocean Line are very scarce, as are 1847 covers to Germany (fewer than 35 covers can be verified). Only four of the five 10¢ 1847 covers to Germany have been verified, including the celebrated Heidelberg cover offered as lot 158 in this sale. The Heidelberg cover and the cover offered here were carried on the same voyage of the Washington.

Ex John D. Pope III, Dr. Leonard Kapiloff and Joseph Hackmey. Illustrated in Stanley B. Ashbrook, Special Service, #32, pp. 231-233, photo 125. With 1985 and 2004 P.F. certificates. (Image)

E. $ 15,000-20,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 50,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:56:08 EST
Sold For 50000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 160
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image One of four confirmed 10¢ 1847 Issue covers to Germany--and, of the three 1847 covers to Germany with the "COLONIES/&c ART. 13" handstamp, only this one has a 10¢ stamp

10¢ Black (2), Position 82R (plate notation on back of cover), ample to large margins, tied by bold manuscript cross-hatch cancel on dull green folded tissue-paper letter to Stuttgart, Germany, manuscript "Naples Ill./24 Sept." (1849) postmark above stamp where it entered the mails, dateline inside letter (which is written in German) indicates letter was begun in Quincy, Illinois, on September 21, 1849, and continued in Naples on September 23, sender's routing directive "p. British Mail Steamer via New York & Liverp.", no New York foreign-mail office markings--carried on the Cunarder Cambria, departing New York on October 3, 1849, and arriving at Liverpool October 18--red London transit backstamp (October 18), mostly readable strike of red "COLONIES/&c ART. 13" Anglo-French accountancy handstamp, Calais arrival datestamp (October 19), red crayon "42" kreuzers due, small blue German "D1 22/10" in circle receiving backstamp (October 22), receipt docketing notation to the right of stamp

Very Fine; stamp with negligible small corner crease at top right, minor ink erosion in docketing at bottom. This cover is one of four verified 10¢ 1847 covers to Germany (of the five in the USPCS census), and it is one of three with either denomination bearing the "COLONIES/&c ART. 13" marking.

The 10¢ stamp was clearly intended to pay the over-300 miles rate from Naples, Illinois, to New York City for the next available Cunard sailing. However, unbeknownst to the sender and possibly the postmaster of this small midwestern town, the 1848 U.S.-Great Britain postal treaty required only 5¢ internal U.S. postage on covers sent by Open Mail to or through Great Britain; therefore, since all other markings indicate this was a single-rate letter, the 10¢ stamp overpaid the 5¢ shore-to-ship rate.

Ex Edward S. Knapp, Philip G. Rust, Henry Stollnitz, "Sevenoaks" collection, Guido Craveri and Joseph Hackmey. Illustrated in The United States 1847 Issue: A Cover Census (in color section and also on p. 932) and in Burkhard Krumm's article, "1847 Covers to the German States" (Chronicle 256). With 1999 P.F. certificate. (Image)

E. $ 7,500-10,000

Openings not Provided


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:56:41 EST
Sold For 0

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 161
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1a

image A remarkable cover which arrived from Germany just days after the first federal stamps were issued and was forwarded with the new 5¢ 1847 stamp

5¢ Dark Brown (1a), deep rich color and impression from the First Printing, large margins to clear at bottom, tied by bold strike of blue grid cancel with matching "Philadelphia Pa. Jul. 16" (1847) circular datestamp (inverted "16"), used as forwarding postage to Boston on a folded letter originating in Dusseldorf, Germany--letter is datelined at Dusseldorf, June 14, 1847, and written by Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze, the artist who in 1851 painted the iconic Washington Crossing the Delaware Revolutionary War scene, and who also painted the Columbus in Chains scene used as the basis for the $2.00 Columbian stamp--addressed to the care of Furness, Brindley & Co. in Philadelphia, sent either via Aachen or Cologne and Belgium to London, manuscript "5/8" Prussian loth (weight) at top right, "P." in oval indicating prepayment of postage at Dusseldorf, Prussian "22" (silbergroschen) in red crayon indicating all transit fees to U.S. prepaid, red London "Paid" transit datestamp (June 17, 1847), Liverpool oval datestamp (June 17)--presumably carried on the Cunarder Caledonia, departing Liverpool on June 19, 1847, and arriving at Boston July 4--due markings were applied at the Philadelphia post office with the blue July 16 circular datestamp and "12" in circle handstamp struck for 10¢ over-300 miles rate plus 2¢ ship fee, address crossed out and forwarded back to Boston, in care of Thomas Lamb, with 5¢ stamp applied by Furness, Brindley & Co., manuscript line through "12" in circle and re-rated "10" cents for distance over 300 miles, the 5¢ stamp was insufficient so rated in manuscript "Due 5"

Very Fine; minor splits along folds--a unique use of the 5¢ 1847 Issue as forwarding postage on a folded letter from a famous artist writing from Dusseldorf, Germany, and a scarce first-month use of the 5¢ 1847 Issue.

This cover is fascinating in many aspects. It was mailed from Germany to the United States two weeks before the release of the 1847 Issue. By the time it reached Boston, on Independence Day, the first federal postage stamps were just three days old. The Philadelphia circular datestamp was dated July 16 either in error, as Creighton C. Hart speculated, or for another reason--perhaps the letter was carried on a different vessel, or the markings were applied after a delay or upon forwarding to Boston.

The writer, Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze, was born in Germany, but emigrated to the U.S. as a child. His artistic talent manifested itself early in life, and in adulthood he was noted for many significant paintings, including his iconic Washington Crossing the Delaware. Another painting, Columbus in Chains, won him the gold medal at the Brussels Art Exhibition, and was subsequently purchased by the Art Union in New York; it was the basis of the 1893 $2.00 Columbian stamp. In this letter Leutze mentions having painted pictures entitled "Columbus" and "Knox." Leutze quotes a $1,000 price for the picture he is painting for James T. Furness, the addressee, and asks to be paid with a British bank draft. He writes that the picture will be sent via Havre in ten days.

Ex Creighton C. Hart and John R. Boker, Jr. Illustrated and discussed in Chronicle 46 (pp. 6 and 34-36) and in Hargest (p. 10). With 1963 P.F. certificate. (Image)

E. $ 4,000-5,000

Openings not Provided


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:57:07 EST
Sold For 0

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 162
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image The only recorded 10¢ 1847 Issue on a cover to Holland

10¢ Black (2), ample margins to full, deep shade and proof-like impression, tied by blue "Paid" in oval handstamp, matching "Philada. Pa. 10 cts Jan. 13" (1848) integral-rate circular datestamp on folded letter to Amsterdam, Holland, sender's ship-name directive "Liverpool Steamer Caledonia from Boston, Jan. 15"--carried on the Cunarder Caledonia, departing Boston on January 15, 1848, and arriving at Liverpool January 29--red Liverpool backstamp (January 29), manuscript "1/8" 1sh8p British debit marking, red "ENG:CORRESP./Over 's HAGE" handstamp on back, red Amsterdam receiving backstamp (February 3), manuscript "120" Dutch cents due marking, addressee's last name crossed out in pen, Very Fine, this is the only recorded 10¢ 1847 cover to Holland--the 10¢ over-300 miles rate applied to Open Mail via England up to March 15, 1849, and then the single rate was 5¢ for any distance; for this reason, 10¢ rate covers to Holland are extremely rare--ex John Bister (Morgenthau sale, 10/23/1925), Dr. Kapiloff, Dr. LeBow and Hackmey, illustrated in the Alexander book (p. 936), with 1981 P.F. certificate (Image)

E. $ 7,500-10,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 9,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:57:50 EST
Sold For 9000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 163
Symbol: C
Cat No: 1

image One of only three recorded 1847 covers to Switzerland

5¢ Red Brown (1), margins all around, late impression, cancelled by neat magenta squiggle on greenish folded letter originating in New Orleans, Louisiana, and addressed to Winterthur, Switzerland, sender's directive "British Mail Steamer"--carried on the Cunarder Cambria, departing Boston on October 16, 1850, and arriving at Liverpool October 27--red London transit backstamp (October 28), red Calais arrival datestamp (October 29), red "COLONIES/&c ART. 13" Anglo-French accountancy handstamp just ties stamp, red crayon "38" (kreuzers), backstamped Basel (October 15 date error), Winterthur (October 31), contents in French comprises two letters, the first datelined at New Orleans on October 5, 1850, and the second datelined at New York on October 15, lettersheet with light aging and fold splits, stamp with light vertical crease at right and tiny scrape in one corner, still Fine and rare, only three 1847 covers to Switzerland are recorded in the USPCS census, ex Gibson, Rust (1987 Rarities of the World sale), Dr. Kapiloff, Craveri and Hackmey, with 1994 P.F. certificate (Image)

E. $ 3,000-4,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 2,500.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:58:37 EST
Sold For 2500


1847 Issue to Great Britain

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 148
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image The earliest possible transatlantic use of the 1847 Issue and the only recorded example of the 10¢ 1847 stamp on mail carried aboard this voyage--also the earliest known use of the 10¢ to any foreign destination

10¢ Black (2), mostly large margins to clear at top left, tied by blue grid cancel, matching "Philadelphia Pa. Jul. 14" (1847) circular datestamp on year-dated folded letter to London, England, sender's ship-name directive "pr Steamer Caledonia via Boston," stamp additionally tied by light strike of red British datestamp, clearly-struck 1847-dated London receiving circular datestamp on flap, manuscript "1/-" shilling due marking

Very Fine; trivial splitting along some folds, but otherwise in exceptionally pristine condition.

This is the earliest possible transatlantic use of the 1847 Issue, and this is the only recorded example of the 10¢ 1847 stamp on mail carried aboard this voyage. It is also the earliest known use of the 10¢ 1847 issue to a foreign destination. One of the great rarities of the classic era.

The 5¢ and 10¢ 1847 Issue stamps were issued on July 1, 1847. The earliest documented use is a 10¢ domestic cover dated July 2 at New York City (in the Gross collection and on loan to the Smithsonian National Postal Museum). At this time, the Cunard Line sailings were twice monthly. The first July 1847 sailing was the Cambria from Boston on the first day of the month. It was not possible for any 1847 Issue stamps to be used on that voyage, because Boston did not receive their supply of 1847 stamps until the following day. The next Cunarder to sail was the Caledonia, which left Boston on July 16. The cover offered here was posted in Philadelphia on July 14, and made it to Boston in time for the July 16 sailing. This is the only recorded 10¢ 1847 cover carried on this voyage. Two 5¢ 1847 covers are also recorded for this sailing, one of which is addressed to Ireland and has a July 15 New York datestamp (Sale 993, lot 177). The other 5¢ 1847 cover from this Caledonia sailing was mailed from New York to Liverpool, but it lacks a post office datestamp and is dated from the contents.

Aside from transatlantic uses, the earliest reported use to Canada is July 17 (lot 123 in this sale). It is theoretically possible that an earlier cover to Canada or to another foreign destination which did not involve a transatlantic sailing could be found. However, as the record stands, the cover offered here is the earliest.

Ex John D. Pope III and Jerome S. Wagshal. The subject of an article by Wagshal in Opinions IV, "An Important Change in Philatelic Foundation Policy: Certification of Earliest Known Date of Use." With 1985 and 2010 P.F. certificates stating "Genuinely used on cover; the earliest possible transatlantic usage of the 1847 Issue." (Image)

E. $ 30,000-40,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 37,500.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:44:23 EST
Sold For 37500

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 149
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image An outstanding sheet-margin 10¢ 1847 on cover to England during the second month of issue

10¢ Black (2), Ashbrook notation as Position 11L, short transfer at top plate variety, large to huge margins including left sheet margin, tied by bold strike of dark greenish blue grid cancel with matching "Wilmington Del. Aug, 13" (1847) circular datestamp on folded letter to Liverpool, England, sender's route directive "via Boston Steamer"--carried on the Cunarder Hibernia, departing Boston on August 16, 1847, and arriving at Liverpool August 27--clearly struck "1/-" shilling due handstamp, Liverpool receiving backstamp (August 28), interesting letter includes mention of a military funeral for a midshipman killed at Vera Cruz, bowling in Cape May, etc., Extremely Fine Gem stamp and beautiful cover, an exceptionally choice 10¢ 1847 sheet-margin stamp used on a cover to England, it is also interesting to note that among the 45 covers from Delaware listed in the USPCS census, this is the only 10¢ use, ex Hart and Boker, illustrated in Hargest book (p. 7) and Bakers' U.S. Classics (p. 153), signed Hart and Ashbrook (Image)

E. $ 7,500-10,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 11,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:45:11 EST
Sold For 11000

Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 150
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image A gem-quality 10¢ 1847 on a pristine prices current to Scotland

10¢ Black (2), large to huge margins with frameline of adjoining stamp at bottom, fine early impression, tied by neat red square grid cancels and by "1/-" shilling due handstamp on May 19, 1848, greenish folded printed prices current from Charleston, South Carolina, to Greenock, Scotland, A. R. Johnston correspondence, a letter is included at bottom and the prices current is imprinted "Per Cambria Steamer", also with manuscript "p Steamer 24th May" on front--carried on the Cunarder Cambria from New York on that date, arriving at Liverpool June 6--Liverpool transit backstamp (June 6) and Greenock receiving backstamp (June 7), fresh and Extremely Fine, wonderfully choice quality for a transatlantic 1847 cover, ex Grunin, Garrett, Dr. Kapiloff and Saadi, with 1994 P.F. certificate (Image)

E. $ 4,000-5,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 7,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:46:40 EST
Sold For 7000
Sale No: 1211
Lot No: 151
Symbol: C
Cat No: 2

image An outstanding and rare Retaliatory Rate cover to England with a 10¢ 1847 strip of three

10¢ Black (2), horizontal strip of three, huge top margin with parts of three adjoining stamps, large to clear at sides, bottom margin just barely in, deep shade, tied by red circular grid cancels, matching "U.S. Express Mail N. York N.Y. Oct. 31" (1848) route agent's datestamp on blue folded cover from New York City to Sheffield, England, sender's ship-name directive "P. R.S. Steam Ship Niagara"--carried on the Cunarder Niagara, departing Boston on November 1, 1848, and arriving at Liverpool November 13--"America/Liverpool NO 13 1848" backstamp, "1/-" shilling due handstamp, Sheffield receiving backstamp (November 14)

Very Fine; addressee's last name (Jeffrey) has been concealed with pen squiggle lines. An impressive 10¢ 1847 cover to England during the Retaliatory Rate period--charged full transatlantic postage by British post office despite the prepayment of 24¢ (plus 5¢ from New York to Boston).

The full history of the Retaliatory Rate period is told in our catalogue for the famous Rush cover, available at https://siegelauctions.com/2006/912/912.pdf . The so-called Retaliatory Period resulted from Great Britain's effort to maintain its monopoly on transatlantic mail carriage through the subsidized Cunard steamship line, which operated without competition from 1840 through 1846. In response to the emergence of subsidized American packets in 1847 (the Ocean Line), the British issued an order (effective June 9, 1847) authorizing its receiving offices to collect the usual British packet postage on letters carried to England by American subsidized steamers. This effectively allowed England to collect 24¢ packet charges for every inbound letter, whether or not any service had been performed.

The United States vehemently protested the British order through diplomatic channels, but efforts to persuade the government to rescind the anti-American postal tariff were unsuccessful. In December 1847, U.S. Postmaster General Cave Johnson petitioned Congress for power to levy like charges on mail carried by British steamers to or from the U.S., but he was not authorized to do so until June 1848. On all inbound and outbound Cunard sailings from June 24, 1848, through December 31, 1848, American packet postage was required, whether or not an American vessel was used, creating the so-called Retaliatory Rate. Beginning with the departure of the Europa on January 10, 1849, earlier rates were restored.

This cover to England reflects the dispute between the U.S. and Great Britain. The sender paid 5¢ for U.S. postage from New York to Boston and the 24¢ sea postage (1¢ overpayment). The letter was carried on the Cunarder Niagara from Boston to Liverpool. At the Liverpool office, the 24¢ prepayment was ignored and the "1/-" shilling due marking indicated the amount owed for sea postage. Only ten 1847 Issue covers are known with Retaliatory Rate charges.

Ex Dr. Robert LeBow and Joseph Hackmey. With 2005 P.F. certificate. (Image)

E. $ 20,000-30,000

Openings not Provided
Sold...US$ 22,000.00


Closed..Oct-29-2019, 14:47:31 EST
Sold For 22000


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