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The Dr. Carmen A. Puliafito Collection of Independent Mails continued...

Hale & Company: Street Address Omitted, Covers (75L5) continued...
Lot Sym. Lot Description  
123 c ImageHale & Co., 5c Blue, Street Address Omitted (75L5). Two, square margins, large to slightly in, bright shade, tied by one of two strikes of red "Forwarded by Hale & Co. from Courier & Enquirer Building, New York" oval handstamp on folded cover to Springfield Mass., docketed with Dec. 19, 1844 origin date and notation that a power of attorney document was enclosed (thus the double rate), file fold clear of stamps, Very Fine, ex Schwartz (Image)

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E. $ 300-400

CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
124 c ImageHale & Co., 5c Blue, Street Address Omitted (75L5). Two, each cut to shape and tied by red "Forwarded through/Hale & Co.'s/Letter Office -- Boston" framed handstamp with "13 Court St." deleted on undated folded cover to New York City, from the Howland & Aspinwall correspondence (Boston origin), sender's directive "Hale & Co. Paid", Extremely Fine double-rate franking, ex Hall, with 2001 P.F. certificate (Image)

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E. $ 300-400

CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
125 c ImageHale & Co., 5c Blue, Street Address Omitted (75L5). Two, each cut to shape, affixed with an embossing instrument of some kind that has left tiny pin pricks in stamps (visible in cross-lighting), tied by red "Forwarded through/Hale & Co.'s/Letter Office -- Boston" framed handstamp with "13 Court St." deleted on Jul. 31, 1844 folded part-printed bill of lading to New York City, Very Fine, ex Schwartz (Image)

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E. $ 200-300

SOLD for $150.00
Will close during Public Auction
126 c ImageHale & Co., 5c Dark Blue, Blue (75L1). Two, each cut to shape, one with very dark and heavy impression, one tied by red "Paid", other tied by impression thru paper, matching "Forwarded by Hale & Co. from Boston" oval handstamp on Mar. 26, 1845 blue folded letter to New York City, file folds, one thru stamp at left, right stamp has small faults, otherwise Very Fine, ex Hall, with 2001 P.F. certificate (Image)

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E. $ 150-200

SOLD for $80.00
Will close during Public Auction
127 c ImageHale & Co., 5c Blue, Street Address Omitted (75L5). Position 5, square margins with top right corner sheet margins, huge at bottom, slightly in at left, Third State showing defective plate at right, cancelled by one of three bold strikes of red "Paid" cancel on May 14, 1845 folded letter from Staten Island to Boston, red "Forwarded by Hale & Co. from Courier & Enquirer Building, New York" oval handstamp -- the first "Paid" was applied to the letter, then the stamp was affixed over the "Paid" and cancelled by a second strike, followed by a third strike positioned at left -- the "Paid" on the stamp is heavy enough to indent the paper thru the lettersheet, which leaves no doubt that the stamp originated, but the sequence of markings is very unusual, stamp has short faint horizontal crease, still Very Fine, this is the only Hale & Co. cover from Staten Island recorded by Gutman, illustrated in his Hale book (page 288) and Independent Mails book, ex Hall, with 2001 P.F. certificate (Image)

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E. $ 750-1,000

SOLD for $450.00
Will close during Public Auction
128 c ImageHale & Co., 5c Blue, Street Address Omitted (75L5). Third State of plate, neatly cut to shape, tied by red "Forwarded through/Hale & Co.'s/Letter Office -- Boston" framed handstamp with "13 Court St." deleted, matching "Forwarded by Hale & Co.'s Great Eastern Mail Co." oval handstamp on October 1844 folded letter from Bradford Mass. to Annapolis, Nova Scotia, via Hale's St. John, New Brunswick, office, entered regular mails at St. John with manuscript "7" -- 7d currency rate for 61 miles distance between St. John and Annapolis -- and "St. John N.B. No 1 1844" backstamp, letter dated first on Oct. 19 and again on Oct. 26, the writer states "Must finish this letter intending to put it in at Haverhill this afternoon", certificate notes a negligible scissors-cut in the stamp

VERY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED COVER BEARING AN INDEPENDENT MAIL STAMP THAT PAID FOR SERVICE FROM THE UNITED STATES TO A FOREIGN COUNTRY. THIS IS BELIEVED TO BE THE EARLIEST USE OF AN ADHESIVE STAMP IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE TO PAY A RATE FOR INTERNATIONAL MAIL.

Service to Eastport Me., St. John and St. Andrews, New Brunswick, was announced by Hale & Co. in an advertisement appearing in the July 4, 1844, edition of the Morning Courier and New York Enquirer. Another advertisement dated July 25, 1844, named Thomas Simes as the Hale agent in St. Andrews and J. D. Andrews as the agent in St. John (Gutman Hale book, page 229). The rate to St. John was advertised as 12-1/2c, which is double the value represented by the stamp on the cover offered here. The difference may have been paid in cash or disregarded. The markings applied at the St. John post office indicate it was put into the mails there and was not received as a ship letter. Therefore, Hale & Co. carried the letter from the United States to New Brunswick, rather than placing it on an outbound vessel from Boston or Eastport.

To the best of our knowledge, there are only two examples of Independent Mail stamps used to foreign countries. One is the Hale cover offered here. The other is a cover-front to Liverpool, England, with two pairs of Pomeroy's stamp paying for conjunctive service from somewhere between Buffalo and Albany (Pomeroy's route) and from Albany to Boston (Hale's route), where it was put onto a packet sailing for Liverpool (Robson Lowe sale, Mar. 15, 1972, lot 1196). Both are important postal history artifacts, but there is a significant difference between the two. The Pomeroy-Hale service carried the letter only as far as Boston, at which point it entered the regular mails to cross the Atlantic. The Hale cover offered here represents actual service beyond the borders of the United States. As such, it stands alone to represent the use of an Independent Mail stamp for service to another country. Other expresses carried mail to offices on foreign soil, but they did not issue stamps, as far as we know. This cover probably represents the earliest use of a stamp to pay postage for service from the United States to a foreign country.

Illustrated in Gutman Hale book (color Figure 226 and page 230). Ex Hall. With 2001 P.F. certificate (Image)

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E. $ 5,000-7,500

SOLD for $6,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
129 c ImageHale & Co., 5c Blue, Street Address Omitted (75L5). Third State Position 5 showing damage to plate at right, mostly full to large square margins, slightly in at left, cancelled by bold red negative "WE" circular seal applied by Baltimore agent William Edwards, matching red "Forwarded by Hale & Co. from 37 S. Third Street, Philadelphia" oval handstamp on half of blue part-printed sales and expenses report from Baltimore to New York City street address, from the Dr. Brandreth correspondence, no origin date but sales reported from June 8-15, 1845, thus probably mailed June 17 or shortly after based on other mailing dates from this correspondence (see lot 132), file folds clear of stamp

VERY FINE. ONE OF TWO RECORDED COVERS WITH "WE" HANDSTAMP, THE INITIALS OF HALE'S BALTIMORE AGENT, WILLIAM EDWARDS -- THIS ONE WITH THE PHILADELPHIA OFFICE OVAL AND THE OTHER WITH THE BALTIMORE OFFICE OVAL.

Hale & Co. commenced service in Baltimore on April 1845, and the whole letter-express operation was closed down on June 30. The Independent Mails book records eleven covers from Baltimore with the Hale stamp (all 75L5). There is only one other cover with the "WE" seal; the June 9, 1845 cover offered in lot 130 (ex Kelly and Golden), which has the Baltimore office oval.

Ex Boker and Schwartz (Image)

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E. $ 2,000-3,000

SOLD for $2,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
130 c ImageHale & Co., 5c Blue, Street Address Omitted (75L5). Third State, neatly cut to shape, cancelled by bold red negative "WE" circular seal applied by Baltimore agent William Edwards, matching red "Forwarded by Hale & Co. from Baltimore" oval handstamp on June 9, 1845 blue folded letter from Baltimore to New York City street address, horizontal file fold with slight bleached spots, small sealed tear at top

VERY FINE. ONE OF TWO RECORDED COVERS WITH "WE" HANDSTAMP, THE INITIALS OF HALE'S BALTIMORE AGENT, WILLIAM EDWARDS -- THIS ONE WITH THE BALTIMORE OFFICE OVAL AND THE OTHER WITH THE PHILADELPHIA OFFICE OVAL.

Hale & Co. commenced service in Baltimore in April 1845, and the whole letter-express operation was closed down on June 30. The Independent Mails book records eleven covers from Baltimore with the Hale stamp (all 75L5). There is only one other cover with the "WE" seal; the June (ca. 17) 1845 cover offered in lot 129 (ex Boker and Schwartz), which has the Philadelphia office oval.

Illustrated in Gutman Hale book (color Figure 105 and page 124). Ex Kelly and illustrated in his CCP series. Ex Golden. With 2000 P.F. certificate (Image)

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E. $ 2,000-3,000

SOLD for $1,900.00
Will close during Public Auction
131 c ImageHale & Co., 5c Blue, Street Address Omitted (75L5). Neatly cut to shape, cancelled by four criss-crossing strikes of red "Paid" straightline, tied by impression thru paper, matching "Forwarded by Hale & Co. from Baltimore" oval handstamp on May 5, 1845 blue folded letter and part-printed sales and expenses report (April 27-May 3) to New York City, from the Dr. Brandreth correspondence

EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF ELEVEN RECORDED COVERS FROM BALTIMORE WITH THE HALE STAMP -- THIS IS THE ONLY COVER KNOWN WITH THE STAMP CANCELLED BY CRISS-CROSSED PAIDS.

Hale & Co. commenced service in Baltimore in April 1845, and the whole letter-express operation was closed down on June 30. The Independent Mails book records eleven covers from Baltimore with the Hale stamp (all 75L5) and six covers, stamped and unstamped, with the distinctive Baltimore "Paid" straightline. This is the only cover with the stamp cancelled by four criss-crossed "Paid" strikes. Although active for a short time, Hale's agent in Baltimore, William Edwards, seems to have used a wide variety of cancellations -- four different cancels are found on the stamped covers originating in Baltimore.

In the expense portion of this report, there is an entry, "Pd. for 11 Stamps, Hale & Co. Exps. Mail -- 56 [cents]."

Sloane's notes on back. Ex Hollowbush and Hall. With 2001 P.F. certificate (Image)

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E. $ 1,500-2,000

CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
132 c ImageHale & Co., 5c Light Blue, Street Address Omitted (75L5). Third State Position 1 showing severe damage to plate, cut to shape, cancelled by large manuscript "R" initial, tied by red manuscript docketing lines, red "Forwarded by Hale & Co. from Baltimore" oval handstamp on June 23, 1845 blue folded letter with sales and expenses report from Baltimore to New York City (June 15-21), includes entry for postage expense, from the Dr. Brandreth correspondence, two slightly soiled file folds, still Very Fine, extremely rare Baltimore origin, ex Kelly and Golden (Image)

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E. $ 500-750

SOLD for $350.00
Will close during Public Auction
133 c ImageHale & Co., 5c Blue, Street Address Omitted (75L5). Cut to shape with mostly large margins, cancelled by bold manuscript large "R" initial, red "Forwarded by Hale & Co. from 37 S. Third Street, Philadelphia" oval handstamp on blue Apr. 14, 1845 folded letter from Philadelphia to New York City street address, Very Fine, ex Schwartz (Image)

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E. $ 200-300

CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction

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