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United States Postal History continued...

State Postmarks - New Mexico (Fort Union to Mesilla) continued...
LotNo. Symbol CatNo. Lot Description
801       image"Fort Union N.M., Nov. 26". Manuscript Type 2 New Mexico Territory postmark ties 3¢ dull red (26) on cover to Altoona Pa., contains letter from Lt. James C. McKee to his dear sweetheart Miss Annie Baker; cover restored and small piece of 3¢ added at top, Very Fine appearance.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

Lt. McKee was commissioned Assistant Surgeon in the U.S. Army in August 1857 and took up his position at Fort Union for several years.
(Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $160.00
Will close during Public Auction
802       image"Fort Union, N.M., June 21, 64". Manuscript postmark and matching small "X" cancel 3¢ rose (65) on light buff 1864 cover to Lebanon, Ohio, endorsed "Via Cincinnati" at bottom left, F.-V.F. and scarce late manuscript postmark, ex-Risvold.
Estimate; $100 - 150. (Image1)
Est. $100-150
SOLD for $170.00
Will close during Public Auction
803       imageFort Union, New Mexico, Jun 1866. Cds ties 3¢ bright rose (65) on yellow cover to Utica N.Y.; barely reduced at left, Very Fine and choice strike of this rare cds type.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

The fort was the largest military post in northeastern New Mexico, where six companies of troops were stationed to protect travelers on the Santa Fe Trail during the many years of Indian uprisings in the 1860's.
(Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $220.00
Will close during Public Auction
804       imageFort Union, N.M., Sep 21, 67. Rimless cds as forwarding postmark on cover with red "Deerfield, Mass. Aug 31" cds and ms. canceled 3¢ rose (65), bottom s.e., on cover to Lieut. Ephraim Williams, 5th U.S. Infantry, Fort Union, N.M. Territory, forwarded to Fort Lyon, Colorado and finally to Fort Harker, Kansas, Very Fine forwarder use.
Estimate; $100 - 150. (Image1)
Est. $100-150
SOLD for $260.00
Will close during Public Auction
805       imageFort Union, N.M., Nov 23, 1867. Rimless cds just ties middle of three 2¢ black (73) singles, all three cancelled by manuscript "X", on double-weight cover to Captain John N. Conningham, Commanding Post, Monument Station, Kansas; reduced at left and small flaws, F.-V.F. and scarce 2¢ Black Jack use from Fort Union, ex-Risvold.
Estimate; $400 - 600. (Image1)
Est. $400-600
SOLD for $500.00
Will close during Public Auction
806       imageFort Wingate, N. Mex., Nov 14, 1881. Exceptional bold strike with fancy star in circle cancel on 3¢ green entire to Norristown Pa., Extremely Fine and choice.
Estimate; $100 - 150. (Image1)
Est. $100-150
SOLD for $170.00
Will close during Public Auction
807       imageFort Wingate, New Mex., Apr 7, 1888. Bold complete cds on registered cover bearing 2¢ green (213) pair and 5¢ yellow brown (205) pair, each tied by manuscript cross-hatch to Los Angeles Cal., Apr. 9th receiving backstamp, Very Fine and choice, ex-Beals, Dike, Risvold.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)
Est. $200-300
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
808       imageFort Yuma (Jackass Route). Circa 1858 orange cover with manuscript "Sellers Tavern, Feb 15" and matching "Paid 10" rating to Lieut. B DuBarry, 3rd Artillery U.S.A., Fort Yuma, via San Diego; light toning and some extra ink on rating, F.-V.F. and exceptionally rare use on this fabled route, ex-Knapp.
Estimate; $1,000 - 1,500.

The first overland mail route to California was awarded under contract #8076 on June 22, 1857. The distance covered was 1,476 miles from San Antonia to San Diego. One section of the route over the desert region from San Diego to Fort Yuma required moles to carry the mail and was known as the "Jackass Mail" route.

This cover was routed by regular steamship mail from New York City to Chagres, over the isthmus of Panama to San Francisco. Then on by California Steam Navigation Company from San Francisco to San Diego where it was carried over the mule-mail route to Fort Yuma.

Du Barry's 3rd artillery was re-posted from Fort Yuma in June 1858, military records of the period help in dating cover as 1858.
(Image1)
Est. $1,000-1,500
SOLD for $625.00
Will close during Public Auction
809       image(Forts) 1864-65 Incoming Mail to Fort Sumner, Fort Bascom and Fort Craig, New Mexico Territory. Group of 3 covers from Lebanon, Ohio correspondence to Dr. George S. Courtright, Asst. Surgeon U.S. Army, 1864 use to Fort Sumner endorsed "Via Fort Union"; 1865 (Jan. 24) to Fort Bascom forwarded to care in Santa Fe; and 1865 (Mar. 8) to Fort Sumner forwarded to Fort Craig; small faults and docketing, F.-V.F. and interesting correspondence group.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1) (Image2)

image

Est. $300-400
SOLD for $300.00
Will close during Public Auction
810       image(Incoming Mail) Butterfield's Overland Despatch. Illustrated Six-Oxen Covered Wagon letterhead letter datelined "St. Louis, July 25th, 1865" to Col. Baker reading "Dr Sir, Enclosed please find fifty dollars it being the amount agreed to send up this morning making my Subscription to Genl. Dodd One hundred dollars. to General" and signed by proprietor David A. Butterfield, Very Fine and rare.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $270.00
Will close during Public Auction
811       imageKingston, New Mexico - Lake Valley, Hillsboro & Kingston Stage and Express Company. Handsome six-horse stage illustrated advertising cover bearing 2¢ green (213), creases, tied by indistinct Kingston N.M. cds duplexed with cork cancel to Mora, New Mexico, reverse with "Mora, N. Mex., Jan 11, 1888" backstamp, with original elaborate illustrated letterhead enclosure with a different six-horse stage coach design, cover reduced at right with the stamp miraculously surviving and enclosure with reinforced splits along the folds, Fine and handsome, ex-Risvold.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

This stage was a small feeder line connecting Kingston with the railroad at lake Valley, New Mexico.
(Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $1,250.00
Will close during Public Auction
812       imageLas Vegas * New Mexico * May 3, 1869. Blue double-circle date stamp (Ty. 3) with matching five-ring target ties 3¢ red (94), small flaw, on cover to Fernando de Taos, N.M.; reduced at left, cover staining, F.-V.F.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $425.00
Will close during Public Auction
813       imageMesilla, Mexico. Small folded letter datelined "Mesilla Manzo 18 de 1844" to A.D. Roman Vigil at Las Vegas, Mexico, letter reads "Esteemed Sir, we sollicitate from your honoured person together with all your illustrious family for the next Wednesday at 11 a.m. kindly we await from your good merit it amiably does us the great favor of coming to honour our children and we are completely at your disposal" and signed "Jose Y gnacio de Herrera and Pedro Antonio Matos", Fine and rare early Mexican letter.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)
Est. $300-400
SOLD for $850.00
Will close during Public Auction
State Postmarks - New Mexico (Santa Fe to Tucson & Balance)
LotNo. Symbol CatNo. Lot Description
814       image"Santa Fe N.M., February 24th". Military adjutant endorsement on 1849 datelined folded letter to Saint Charles Mo., carried military courier on the Santa Fe trail, entered mails with "Westport Mo, 26 March" and matching ms. "10" rating; some edge wear, Very Fine.
Estimate; $1,000 - 1,500.

The contracts for carrying the mail on the Santa Fe Trail were let by the military authorities in the Quartermasters General's Office at Fort Leavenworth to civilian contractors in 1848 and 1849. The mail service was very irregular during this period, with the cost of each delivery being carried under special contract at $600.00 per round trip. The military maintained their own courier service to Fort Leavenworth were all letters would then enter the U. S. Postal service.

Dr. E. B. Bateman informs his brother Newton of life in Santa Fe, during a very dull winter season where, the main story seems to be about the tragic journey of Col. Fremont, including the death of many of his men during their journey to Taos in a severe winter storm. Fremont crossed from the Plains through La Veta Pass 9,382 feet into the interior valley west of the Sangre de Cristo range then on south to Taos.

This is the tragic story as written by Dr. Bateman: "…Col. Fremont & men were here a few days since en route for California. They were compelled to put into Taos (Tous) for succor, having lost all their mules & ten men from famine & cold & besides nearly all else they possessed they suffered greatly & appeared like shadows of natural men, but in time American spirit, meek, submissive & determined. There is a great spirit here of emigration to the west, numbers have already gone & many more, probably to the number of 100 will emigrate from Santa Fe to the west this spring, highly bound for western California. I have recently been a trip 50 miles blow on the famous Rio Grande, it is a beautiful mountain stream meandering through scenery as Grotesque & lovely as beautiful as any in the world."
. (Image1)
Est. $1,000-1,500
SOLD for $5,250.00
Will close during Public Auction
815       imageSanta Fe, N.M., 17 Feb. Bold Type 5 cds strike with matching gem strike of circled "Paid 6" rating handstamp on blue cover to St. Louis, Mo., endorsed "Via San Antonio" at bottom, otherwise Very Fine and choice prepaid transcontinental use.
Estimate; $500 - 750. (Image1)
Est. $500-750
SOLD for $1,350.00
Will close during Public Auction
816       imageSanta Fe New Mexico, Mar 1. Well-struck cds with matching "10" rate handstamp on blue 1851 folded cover docketed "Maj. Sheppard, 16 Febry 1851" to Waterford N.Y., Very Fine and early use shortly after establishment of the post office, ex-Risvold.
Estimate; $3,000 - 4,000.

The first mail contract by the Post Office Department was known as Route 4888. The bid of Dr. David Waldo was accepted on May 11, 1850 for once-a-month service, Independence to Santa Fe, the cost was $18,000 per year. Dr. Waldo's firm was known as Waldo, Hall and Co. The first mail delivery started from Independence on July 1, 1850, and was hailed by the newspapers of the day as a great success. The Waldo and Hall Company carried the mail until 1854 when the contract was given to Jacob Hall commencing August 18, 1854, for once-a-month service at $11,000 per years. This was known as Route 8912. The new contract doubled the compensation, and service was increased to semi-monthly on July 1, 1855, and then set to expire in one year's time.

Major Shepherd was commander in charge of Fort Marcy during this period at Santa Fe.
(Image1)
Est. $3,000-4,000
SOLD for $3,250.00
Will close during Public Auction
817       image"Santa Fe, N.M. Nov. 1st". Manuscript postmark and matching "Paid 3" rating on circa 1851 cover to Independence, Mo. endorsed "Waldo & Halls Mail" at bottom left; faulty and missing left flap, Fine and scarce Waldo and Halls mail endorsement, ex-Kramer.
Estimate; $500 - 750.

Beginning July 1, 1850, Waldo and Hall Co. began the first regular mail contract between Santa Fe and Independence, Missouri. This four-year contract called for the stage to depart for and leave Santa Fe the first of every month.
(Image1)
Est. $500-750
SOLD for $325.00
Will close during Public Auction
818       imageSanta Fe, N.M., May 1. Double-circle postmark with matching "5" rating handstamp on gray 1852 folded letter endorsed "Official Business" to Maj. Gen. W. Towson, Paymaster General, Washington, D.C., datelined letter concerning paymaster accounts "…I inform you that I have sent by Col. Alexander to the paymaster in New York my accounts…", rating handstamp obliterated in manuscript as free military business use, Very Fine, ex-Dike, Risvold.
Estimate; $1,500 - 2,000.

ONE OF ONLY THREE RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THIS SANTE FE DOUBLE-CIRCLE DATESTAMP. (Image1)
Est. $1,500-2,000
SOLD for $2,300.00
Will close during Public Auction
819       imageSanta Fe, N.M., 1 Oct. Perfect sharp strike of Type 5 cds with matching circled "10" rating handstamp on circa 1853 refolded legal-size manila cover endorsed "Official Business" to the Secretary of the Interior, Washington D.C., Very Fine and choice strike.
Estimate; $500 - 750. (Image1)
Est. $500-750
SOLD for $425.00
Will close during Public Auction
820       imageSanta Fe, N. Mex., Dec 1. Cds with matching "5" rating handstamp crossed out on blue 1853 folded letter endorsed "Official Business" to Lt. Col. B.F. Lane, Washington D.C., letter from paymaster C.H. Fry concerning paymaster matters; mounted on exhibit with Santa Fe trail engraving; some light staining, Fine, ex-Dike, Kramer.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)
Est. $300-400
SOLD for $450.00
Will close during Public Auction

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