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United States Postal History continued...

Foreign Mails - 1773 to 1852 continued...
LotNo. Symbol CatNo. Lot Description
561       image1842 (Jun. 6) London, England to New York N.Y. Light gray folded part-printed General Post Office Notice requesting "1/8" one shilling 8 pence for a letter held for postage, entered mails with bold strike of red London Crowned (6.6) datestamp and sent free despite printed "On Her Majesty's Service" and "W.L. Maberly" endorsements, Liverpool (6.7) octagon exchange datestamp (Tabeart M24), carried by Cunard Line Caledonia from Liverpool Jun. 19th to Boston arriving Jul. 5th, red "Boston Ms. 'Ship' " arrival cds and manuscript "20¾" due rating for 18¾¢ inland postage plus 2¢ ship fee, Very Fine and choice, ex-Pullin.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)

Est. $300-400
SOLD for $190.00
Will close during Public Auction
562       image1842 (Jun. 30) London, England to New York N.Y. Datelined folded letter with red "Returned for Postage" and "Detained For Postage" framed handstamps, additional script "Returned for Postage" framed handstamp on flap, manuscript "Forwarded by Majmar Jordain & Co." London forwarder endorsement on flap, both handstamps on face deleted upon payment, red London Paid (9.3) tombstone datestamp and red manuscript 1/-" schilling prepaid rating, carried by Cunard Line Acadia from Liverpool Sep. 4th to Boston arriving Sep. 18th, red "Boston Ms. 'Ship' Sep 18" cds and "20¾" rating for 18¾¢ inland plus 2¢ ship fee, Very Fine and scarce "Returned for Postage" transatlantic use.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)

Est. $200-300
SOLD for $170.00
Will close during Public Auction
563       image1843 Balasore, India to Holliston, Mass. Folded missionary letter carried to Boston with with bold "Forwarded from the Baptist Miss. Rooms, Boston" oval forwarder handstamp on reverse, forwarded to Holliston then to East Longmeadow from Boston with Boston, Ms. cds of "Sep 20" and "Sep 26", initially rated "6"` then "12½" totaling "18½", Very Fine.
Estimate; $150 - 200. (Image1) (Image2)

image

Est. $150-200
SOLD for $130.00
Will close during Public Auction
564       image1847 (Aug. 14) Boston Mass. to Paris, France. Gray folded cover with red "Boston, 5 cts, 14 Aug" integral exchange cds with matching "Paid" handstamp, carried on the Herout & Handel Line Philadelphie maiden voyage from New York Aug. 15th to Cherbourg arriving Sep. 1st, clear strike of blue framed "Paq. Reg." entry handstamp, blue Paris arrival backstamp, Very Fine and choice French Packet Direct mail from the short-lived Herout & Handel Line.
Estimate; $400 - 600.

This was the second of only nine sailings of the Herout & Handel line and the only sailing to use the "Paq. Reg" handstamp.
(Image1)

Est. $400-600
SOLD for $475.00
Will close during Public Auction
565       image1848 U.S. Mail Steamship Company Broadside. A scarce advertisement by New Orleans agent James R. Jennings announcing the "New Arrangement" of the U.S. Mail Steamship Co.'s "New Orleans, Havana, Key West, Charleston, New York and Aspinwall Line", notes steamships of Empire City and Cherokee will form the semi-monthly line between New Orleans and New York with a stop at Havana; Isabel will connect at Havana to Charleston and Key West; the Philadelphia and Falcon will form the direct line from New Orleans to Aspinwall; some edge flaws and light aging, Very Fine and scarce broadside.
Estimate; $500 - 750.

U.S. Mail Steamship Company was a company formed in 1848 by George Law, Marshall O. Roberts and Bowes R. McIlvaine to assume the contract to carry the U. S. mails from New York City, with stops in New Orleans and Havana, to the Isthmus of Panama for delivery in California. The company had the SS Ohio and the SS Georgia built in 1848, and with the purchased SS Falcon in early 1849 carried the first passengers by steamship to Chagres, on the east coast of the Isthmus of Panama. Soon the rapid transit time the steamship lines and the trans isthumus passage made possible when the California Gold Rush began made it a very profitable company.

When in 1850 the Pacific Mail Steamship Company established a competing line to the U.S. Mail Steamship Company between New York City and Chagres, George Law placed an opposition Pacific Line of steamers (SS Antelope, SS Columbus, SS Isthumus, SS Republic) in the Pacific running from Panama to San Francisco. In April, 1851, the rivalry was ended when an agreement was made between the companies, the U.S. Mail Steamship Company purchased the Pacific Mail steamers on the Atlantic side (SS Crescent City, SS Empire City, SS Philadelphia), and George Law sold his ships and new line to the Pacific Mail. Law went into partnership with William Henry Aspinwall to develop the Panama Railroad in 1852.

The U.S. Mail Steamship Company only operated for 11 years. On the expiration of the mail contract in 1859 the company withdrew from the business. Its directors were said to be more interested in immediate financial returns than in providing a good service, so there was little public regret at its passing.
(Image1)

Est. $500-750
SOLD for $525.00
Will close during Public Auction
566       image1848-50 Cuba to the United States via Charleston S.C. Small group of 4 covers with different Charleston markings comprising 1848 Cuba to Providence with red "Charleston, 10, Jul 1848 Cuba via Charleston with red "12" handstamp rating, 1850 Cuba to Portland via red "Charleston S.C., 12½, Jun 11" integral-rate large cds; 1849 Cuba to New York via red "Charleston S.C., 12½, Jul 11" integral-rate small cds; 1849 Havana to New York with red Charleston cds and matching "12½" rating handstamp endorsed "per Ysabel Va Charleston", a Very Fine group.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)

Est. $200-300
SOLD for $170.00
Will close during Public Auction
567       image(Retaliatory Rates) 1848 (Sep. 5) Rotterdam, Holland to Philadelphia, Pa. Folded letter from endorsed "p. Steamer from Liverpool", blue Rotterdam (9.5) datestamp and manuscript "120" Dutch Cents rating on reverse for single prepaid rate, London "Paid 7 SP 1848" cds and red manuscript "1/8" 1sh8d credit to G.B., carried by Cunard Line Acadia from Liverpool Sep. 9th to Boston arriving Sep. 24th, red "Boston Ms. 'Ship' Sep 25" cds and matching red "34" retaliatory due rating for 10¢ inland postage and the 24¢ packet fee, fresh and Very Fine.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

Letter carried on 12th of 25 Cunard voyages westbound to the U.S. under the retaliatory order. The Boston "34" rating handstamp is reported used July 27 to December 16, 1848.
(Image1)

Est. $200-300
SOLD for $150.00
Will close during Public Auction
568       image(Retaliatory Rates) 1848 (Nov. 10) Hamburg, Germany to Philadelphia, Pa. Folded letter prepaid with magenta "1.6" 1sh 6d credit from Hamburg to England, London (11.13) and Liverpool (11.13) transits, carried by Cunard Line Britannia from Liverpool Nov. 18 to Boston arriving Dec. 6, red "Boston Ms. 'Ship' Dec 6" cds and matching "34" retaliatory rate handstamp for 10¢ inland plus 24¢ packet fee, Very Fine, ex-Winter.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

Letter carried on the 22nd of 25 Cunard mail voyages to the U.S. under the retaliatory order.
(Image1)

Est. $200-300
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
569       image1848 (Nov. 28) New York N.Y. to Livorno, Italy via London. Light gray folded letter placed directly aboard ship avoiding retaliatory postage, Liverpool America (12.12) entry backstamp and red London (12.13) arrival cds, manuscript London forwarder's endorsement on flap and remailed to Livorno bearing G.B. 1d red, 2d blue and 1s embossed tied by "19" barred ovals and 1d also by red "PD" in oval, variety of ratings and transits incl. Boulogne-sur-Mer transit and Livorno (12.31) arrival backstamp, Very Fine and scarce use.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)

Est. $300-400
SOLD for $325.00
Will close during Public Auction
570       image(1848/1849 Treaty) 1849 (Feb. 14) Paris, France to Monroe, Mich. Cover with "Paris 14 Fevr" origin cds and manuscript "15" décimes prepaid rating on reverse, red London (2.15) and Liverpool (2.16) transits, carried by Cunard Line America from Liverpool Feb. 24th to Boston arriving Mar. 8th, red "Boston Ms. 'Ship' Mar 10" cds with matching "Paid" and "24" rating handstamp, Very Fine, This letter was carried on the first Cunard voyage under the new 1849 convention.
Estimate; $400 - 600.

On February 15, 1849, President James K. Polk signed a proclamation making effect the new United States-Great Britain Postal Convention. The public was not notified until Feb. 24, the date the Cunard steamer "America" departed Liverpool with the first mails from England under the new convention. Adequate instructions were not in place at the U.S. exchange offices of Boston and New York and a variety of errors were made. The new convention allowed mails to and from France to travel in the British open mail through England.

This letter shows that the Boston postal clerks did not know how to treat letters from France under the new convention. This letter was paid only to U.S. port and required postage due in the U.S. Boston, however, marked the letter as fully prepaid. This error in rating is known on mails of this voyage only.
(Image1)

Est. $400-600
SOLD for $450.00
Will close during Public Auction
571       image1851 (Jul. 31) San Francisco, Cal. to London, England. Folded letter with red "San Francisco Cal. 1 Aug" cds and matching "Paid" and "25" rating handstamps, carried by Cunard Line Asia from New York Sep. 10 to Liverpool arriving Sep. 21, New York red "19" credit to G.B., red London (9.22) arrival cds, light soiling, F.-V.F., one of only three recorded examples of this 25¢ error rate, ex-Winter.
Estimate; $1,500 - 2,000.

Letter carried by Pacific Mail Steamship Co. "Oregon" from San Francisco to Panama City and by U.S. Mail Steamship Co. "Georgia" from Chagres to New York. When new U.S. rates went into effect on 1 July 1851, the San Francisco postmaster incorrectly assumed the new west coast rate to the U.K. was 25¢ (6¢ cross country plus 19¢ transatlantic fees) instead of the actual rate of 29¢. He used a "25" handstamp which existed at San Francisco. The 25¢ rate was in effect only two months before word reached him that his was rating the letters incorrectly.
(Image1)

Est. $1,500-2,000
SOLD for $1,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
572       image1852 (Feb. 18) San Francisco Cal. to Manchester, England. Folded cover with red "San Francisco Cal. 18 Feb" cds with matching "Paid" and "29" rate handstamps, red "19" credit handstamp to G.B., carried by Cunard Line America from Boston Mar. 17 to Liverpool arriving Mar. 29, red Liverpool (3.29) cds, Manchester (3.30) arrival backstamp, Very Fine, very few examples of the "29" rate marking have been recorded, ex-Winter.
Estimate; $400 - 600.

Letter carried by Pacific Mail Steamship Co. steamer "Panama" from San Francisco to Panama City and by U.S. Mail Steamship Co. steamer "El Dorado" from Chagres to New York. Under U.S.-G.B. Convention, U.S. internal portion of total rate from West Coast was 10¢ from 1 July 1851, or 5¢ more than other locations in the U.S.
(Image1)

Est. $400-600
SOLD for $450.00
Will close during Public Auction
573       image1852 (Jun. 8) Papeete, Tahiti to London via San Francisco Cal. Folded letter with blue "San Francisco Cal 16 Sep" cds with matching "Paid" and "29" rate handstamp, New York red "3" credit handstamp to G.B., carried by Collins Line Atlantic from New York Oct. 16 to Liverpool arriving Oct. 27, red London (10.28) arrival cds, Very Fine, a remarkable usage from Tahiti., ex-Winter.
Estimate; $3,000 - 4,000.

Letter sent privately to agent in San Francisco, where the 29¢ fee to England was paid. It was carried by Pacific Mail Steamship Co. steamer "Golden Gate" from San Francisco to Panama City and by U.S. Mail Steamship Co. steamer "Illinois" from Chagres to New York. Blue handstamp "29" applied at San Francisco when letter paid by agent. The blue color ink was used in San Francisco from September 1 to December 13, 1852 only. This is the only recorded example of the "29" in blue, and it is on a letter from a very scarce origin. This cover realized $4,250 hammer in our 2013 R. Winter sale.
(Image1)

Est. $3,000-4,000
SOLD for $2,700.00
Will close during Public Auction
574       image1852 (Jul. 20) Bordeaux, France to New Orleans La. Blue folded letter with bearing France 1f carmine, 40c orange, both four margins tied by "441" lozenge cancels, matching "Bordeaux, 20 Juil 52" origin cds and small red "PD" framed handstamp, carried by Cunard Line Niagara from Liverpool Jul. 24th to Boston arriving Aug. 5th, "Boston, Br. Pkt. '5' Aug 5" debit exchange cds, green "N.O.U.S. City Post" snow shovel and oval "CAR 2" handstamps, Very Fine and attractive New Orleans transatlantic carrier use.
Estimate; $750 - 1,000. (Image1)

Est. $750-1,000
SOLD for $750.00
Will close during Public Auction
575       image1852 (Sep. 14) Boston, Mass. to Reims, France. Blue folded letter with red "Paid" handstamp and pencil "5" rating, rare black "British / Packet" two-line handstamp, carried as endorsed by Cunard Line America from Boston Sep. 15th to Liverpool arriving Sep. 26th, red London (9.27) transit backstamp, red Paris (9.28) entry cds and black "13" décimes due handstamp, Reims (9.29) arrival backstamp, Very Fine and rare British Packet use, ex-Noel, Walske.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

The "British / Packet" two-line handstamp was previously attributed to New York (Winter 345) used in September/October 1852.
(Image1)

Est. $200-300
SOLD for $280.00
Will close during Public Auction
576       image1852 (Oct. 1) San Francisco Cal. to Bordeaux, France. Blue folded letter with blue "San Francisco Cal. 1 Oct" cds and matching "Paid" and "26" rating handstamps, carried by Collins Line Baltic from New York Oct. 30th to Liverpool arriving Nov. 10th, red London (11.11) transit and red French (11.12) entry cds, French black "8" décimes due handstamp, reverse with Paris (11.12) and Bordeaux (11.13) arrival cds, Very Fine and earliest recorded strike of the rare blue "26" rating handstamp, ex-Winter.
Estimate; $250 - 350.

One of only four recorded San Francisco blue "26" rating handstamp usages, blue was used only from Oct. 1st to Nov. 16th 1852. Letter was carried from San Francisco by PMSSC "Tennessee" to Panama City, then by USMSSC "Georgia" from Aspinwall to New York.
(Image1)

Est. $250-350
SOLD for $290.00
Will close during Public Auction
Foreign Mails - 1853 to 1868 & Balances
LotNo. Symbol CatNo. Lot Description
577       image(French Retaliatory Rates) 1853 (Jan. 17) Marseille, France to New York, N.Y. Folded letter with "13" décimes prepaid (not shown), carried by Cunard Line Canada from Liverpool Jan. 22nd to Boston arriving Feb. 5th, black "Boston Br. Packet 6 Feb" exchange cds with matching "21" due handstamp for French retaliatory rate; some "Ship" usages, group of Cunard Line sailings, etc., Very Fine and choice, ex-Winter.
Estimate; $400 - 600.

Only three eastbound and two westbound Cunard steamship voyages were made during the short 16-day French Retaliatory rate period between Jan. 24th and Feb. 10th 1853, when the United States collected 21¢ per ½ ounce on all letters exchanged between the U.S. and France via Great Britain.
(Image1)

Est. $400-600
SOLD for $375.00
Will close during Public Auction
578       image1853 (Feb. 1) San Francisco Cal. to Schaffhausen, Switzerland. Folded cover with clear strike of "San Francisco Cal, 1 Feb" cds with matching "Paid" and large "26" rating handstamps, red "New York Am. Packet Mar 5" exchange cds, carried by Collins Line Arctic from New York Mar. 5th to Liverpool arriving Mar. 16th, red London (3.17) transit backstamp, red "Etats-Unis Paq.Am.A. Paris" (3.18) transit cds, Basel (3.19) transit backstamp with red crayon "270" rappen due rating, Mar. 20th arrival backstamp; some minor pencil doodles, F.-V.F. and scarce use from San Francisco at the 26¢ British Open Mail rate to Switzerland.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)

Est. $200-300
SOLD for $230.00
Will close during Public Auction
579       image1853 (Feb. 26) San Francisco, Cal. to London, England. Blue folded cover with black "San Francisco Cal 1 Mar" cds with matching "Paid" and "29" rate handstamps, Boston red "19" credit handstamp to G.B., carried by Cunard Line Canada from Boston Mar. 30 to Liverpool arriving Apr. 10, red London (4.11) tombstone date stamp, Very Fine, the only recorded example of this "29" rate handstamp in black, ex-Winter.
Estimate; $400 - 600.

Letter carried by Pacific Mail Steamship Co. steamer "Oregon" from San Francisco to Panama City and by U.S. Mail Steamship Co. steamer "Georgia" from Chagres to New York. Under U.S.-G.B. Convention, U.S. internal portion of total rate from West Coast was 10¢ from July 1851 until July 1863, or 5¢ more than other locations in the U.S.
(Image1)

Est. $400-600
SOLD for $575.00
Will close during Public Auction
580       image1853 (Oct. 13) Columbia, Cal. to London, England. Buff cover bearing "Columbia, Cal." two-line postmark with manuscript "Oct 13" dating and matching "Paid" and crude "29" in circle rating handstamps, New York red "3" credit handstamp, red London Paid (11.2.1853) arrival cds; small edge tear and flap faults fixed, otherwise Very Fine and scarce.
Estimate; $150 - 200. (Image1) (Image2)

image

Est. $150-200
SOLD for $100.00
Will close during Public Auction

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