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United States Postal History continued...

Transatlantic Mails - Foreign Mails 1854 to 1857
LotNo. Symbol CatNo. Lot Description
341       image1854 (Feb. 18) Manila, Philippines to Boston Mass. via Hong Kong. Folded cover docketed "Manila 18th Feb '54, Russell & Sturgis", flap with Hong Kong (3.10) and red London (4.27) transit cds, manuscript "5/5" 5s5d due rating updated to "130" $1.30 debit to U.S. rating, carried by Cunard Line Canada from Liverpool Apr. 29th to Boston May 12th, "Boston, Br. Pkt., May 13" exchange backstamp and matching bold "140" due rating handstamp for ½-¾ ounces, Very Fine and rare $1.40 double-weight use from Manila.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)
Est. $300-400
SOLD for $170.00
Will close during Public Auction
342       image1854 (Feb. 21) Frankfurt, Germany to Philadelphia Pa. Gray folded letter with "FRANKFURT a O / BAHNHOF 21/2" two-line handstamp with manuscript. "2/10" rating top left, red "Aachen" transit and matching "Brit: Packet." half-moon backstamp, blue manuscript. "1¼" indicating double-weight, manuscript "10" cents debit to the U.S. carried by Cunard Line Asia from Liverpool Feb. 25th to Boston arriving Mar. 10th, bold "Boston Br. Pkt., Mar 10" exchange cds and matching "60" cents due handstamp for double the 30¢ Prussian Closed Mail rate, some ink erosion top left, otherwise Very Fine.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

The exchange office accounting by Prussian Closed Mail for a double-weight letter was 10¢ Prussian inland, 4¢ Belgian transit, 36¢ sea and British transit, and 10¢ U.S. inland. The Cunard Line "Asia" made an unscheduled stop at Halifax en route by order of the British Admiralty to deliver dispatches causing a slightly longer voyage.
(Image1)
Est. $200-300
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
343       image1854 (Mar. 24) Boston Mass. to Riga, Russia. Folded letter sent in care of Brown, Shipley & Co. Liverpool forwarders with "Boston, Br. Pkt., 24 May" exchange cds, red "Paid" and pencil "24" cents prepaid rating, red "19" credit handstamp to G.B., carried by Cunard Line Canada from Boston May 24th to Liverpool arriving Jun. 4th, red "America, Paid, Liverpool, JU4, 54" arrival cds, reposted with red "Liverpool, Paid, JU 5, 1854" cds and red manuscript "11½" prepaid rating, red London (6.6) transit cds with matching oval "P." handstamp and red ms. "7½" pence credit to Prussia, red "Aus England per Aachen, Franco, 7/6" transit double-circle and blue ms. "fr 3" sbr rating for transit fee beyond German border, Prussian blue ms. "fr 6¼" to show all transit fees through Germany and Russia to destination were paid, Riga (5.30) framed arrival backstamp, Very Fine.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

Riga was using the Julian calendar that was twelve days behind the Gregorian calendar (June 11th arrival).
(Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $170.00
Will close during Public Auction
344       image1854 (Jul. 31) Boston Mass. to Cadiz, Spain. Blue folded letter with "Boston, Br. Pkt. Aug 2" exchange cds and red "Paid" handstamp with pencil "73" prepaid rating, red crayon "68" cent credit to G.B., carried by Cunard Line Niagara from Boston Aug. 2nd to Liverpool arriving Aug. 13th, red London "Paid" (8.14) transit, then by P&O Line Madrid from Southampton to Spain, Cadiz red "20R" reales due handstamp for inland postage, F.-V.F. and rare 73¢ rate to Spain via Southampton.
Estimate; $300 - 400.

Beginning Jul. 1st 1849, it became possible to prepay letters to destinations beyond Great Britain under the new U.S.-British convention. With regard to Spanish mails, a 73¢ per ½ oz. "via Southampton" rate was established for prepaid letters. At the same time, a "via France" rate to Spain was established at 41¢ per ¼ oz., or 51¢ per ½ oz. The 73¢ per ½ oz. rate was a combination of 5¢ inland postage, 16¢ packet rate, 52¢ (2s2d) British fee for direct packet service to Spain. This rate is quite rare due to the high fees compared to "via France" mails.
(Image1)
Est. $300-400
SOLD for $220.00
Will close during Public Auction
345       image1854 (Oct. 10) Glasgow, Scotland to South Ryegate Vt. J. Valentine Peace Propaganda envelope with framed "Glasgow, Paid, OC 10, 1854" postmark with red manuscript "1/-" shilling transatlantic packet rating, red Liverpool (10.11) transit and matching "5 / Cents" credit handstamp, carried by Cunard Line Niagara from Liverpool Oct. 11th to Boston arriving Oct. 25th, red "Boston, Br. Pkt. 'Paid 24' Oct 25" credit exchange cds; faulty, Fine and scarce Valentine Peace Propaganda use.
Estimate; $300 - 400.

Complete Images. (Image1)
Est. $300-400
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
346       image1854 (Nov. 7) New York N.Y. to Cadiz, Spain via London, England. Gray folded letter datelined "New York, November 7 1854" and with partial "U.S. Express Mail, New York, N.Y., Nov 7" railroad route agent cds, overstruck by Boston "5" debit handstamp, "Boston Br. Pkt. Nov 8" exchange backstamp, carried by Cunard Line Niagara from Boston Nov. 8th to Liverpool arriving Nov. 19th, red London (11.20) backstamp and manuscript "1/-" 1s due rating, sent privately by forwarding agent J.C. Thurn & Co. to Spain; small edge tear, otherwise Very Fine and scarce express mail route agent transatlantic use.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

This letter was sent to the care of forwarding agent J.C. Thurn & Co. in London who forwarded it under cover avoiding the additional postal fees in the U.K. and Spain, since British open mail was not available until Oct. 1858.
(Image1)
Est. $200-300
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
347       image1854 (Dec. 17) Alexandria La. to Cardenas, Cuba. Buff cover with red "Alexandria La., Dec 17" cds with matching "Paid" and "10" ratings, blue Havana arrival backstamp and matching "NA" and "1" ratings for North America 1 reales due; "Rec.d. Jan. 4.1855" receipt docketing, F.-V.F.
Estimate; $150 - 200. (Image1)
Est. $150-200
SOLD for $120.00
Will close during Public Auction
348       image1855 (May 2) Calcutta, India to Boston Mass. Datelined folded letter with red Calcutta (5.2) origin backstamp and matching "INDIA" framed handstamp with ms. "2/3" 2s3d due rating, red London (6.15) transit backstamp and rating updated to "54" cent debit to U.S., carried by Collins Line Baltic from Liverpool Jun. 16th to New York arriving Jun.27th, "Boston Am. Pkt, Jun 28" exchange backstamp and matching "75" due rating handstamp (34¢ British inland and sea, 2x 10¢ French transit, 16¢ U.S. sea passage, 5¢ U.S. inland), Very Fine.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $170.00
Will close during Public Auction
349       image1855 (May 2) Baltimore Md. to Freywaldau, Bohemia. Cover with blue "Baltimore Md., Jun 18" cds with "Paid" and oval "5" rating handstamps, endorsed "Bt the Boston Steamer", carried by Cunard Line Europa from Boston Jun. 20th to Liverpool arriving Jul. 1st, red London (7.2) backstamp and ms. "1/4" 1s4d debit rating, Aachen framed "America per England" handstamp (Van de Linden 112, rarity 6), red crayon "32" kr. rating, blue manuscript "1/6" rating crossed out and "13½" groschen due rating on reverse, Very Fine and scarce use.
Estimate; $150 - 200. (Image1)
Est. $150-200
SOLD for $120.00
Will close during Public Auction
350       image1855 (May 19) Westland Mo. to Copenhagen, Denmark missent to San Francisco. Buff cover with manuscript "Westland Mo May 19th 55" postmark and matching "Paid 6" rating, "San Francisco Cal. 16 Jul" cds and matching "DUE 4" and "MISSENT" handstamps, "N.York Br. Pkt. '23' Aug 14" debit exchange cds, carried by Cunard Line Asia from Boston Aug. 15th to Liverpool arriving Aug. 25th, red Aachen (8.28) transit backstamp and blue manuscript "13" debit rating, K.D.O.P.A. Hamburg (8.29) backstamp, red crayon "17½" and "65" final due rating; blue manuscript. spot, Fine and unusual San Francisco missent use.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

San Francisco apparently marked the cover 4¢ due for the difference between the prepaid 6¢ postage and the 10¢ transcontinental rate. The New York exchange office sent it as an unpaid letter in Prussian closed mail to Aachen, then to Hamburg where it was turned over to the Danish post office in Hamburg. Prussia debited Hamburg 13 silbergroschen due Prussia. Hamburg converted this debit to 17½ Lubeck schillinge, which was equivalent to 56 sk. To this was added 9 sk. for transit from Hamburg to Denmark for total postage due of 56 sk.
(Image1)
Est. $200-300
SOLD for $160.00
Will close during Public Auction
351       image1855 (June 14) Hamburg, Germany to Colima, Mexico via New York. Blue folded cover in care of New York forwarder with red "Hamburg, Paid, Jun 14, 1858" cds and matching "10" rating handstamp, overwritten by blue crayon "6", carried transatlantic by Hapag Borussia from Hamburg Jun. 15th to New York arriving Jun. 30th, red "N. York Hamb. Pkt., Paid, Jul 1" exchange arrival cds, remailed with 10¢ green, type II (32) tied by bold "New York, Oct 5" ocean mail grid cds to Aspinwall, across Isthmus, then by P.M.S.S. to Acapulco, entered mails with "ACAPULCO" straightline and matching bold "2" reales inland postage due to Colima, Panama, endorsement updated to "p Steamer Moses Taylor"; some ink erosion, otherwise Very Fine.
Estimate; $1,500 - 2,000.

AN UNUSUAL TRANSATLANTIC USE TO MEXICO VIA NEW YORK. (Image1)
Est. $1,500-2,000
SOLD for $1,800.00
Will close during Public Auction
352       image1855 (Sep. 7) San Salvatore, Kingdom of Sardinia to San Francisco, Cal. Folded letter with "S. Salvatore, 8 Set 55" dcds and prepaid manuscript "170" rating on reverse, additional "P.P./S. Salvatore" handstamp, endorsed "Via London", Torino (9.9) backstamp, red Pt. de Beauvoisin (9.12) transit cds, carried by Cunard Line America from Liverpool Sep. 15th to Boston arriving Sep. 28th, "Boston Br. Packet 29 Sep" exchange cds and matching "10" cent due rating, docketed as received "Oct 30/55", Very Fine, a scarce British Open mail rate to California, ex-Winter.
Estimate; $400 - 600.

Letter went overland via Turin and Pt. de Beauvoisin to Paris and England where it was placed on Cunard steamer to Boston, then traveled by steamship from New York to Aspinwall and Panama to San Francisco. Letter was prepaid 1L 70 centisimi for all transit fees by French and British open mail to U.S. Boston marked 10¢ postage due, the British Open mail rate by British packet from West Coast.
(Image1)
Est. $400-600
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
353       image1855 (Sep. 9) New York N.Y. to Corisco, West Africa (Equatorial Guinea). Buff cover endorsed "Via England & per Steamer to Fernando Po, Paid Thro", bold red "New-York, Am. Packet, Sep 5" with pencil "45" cent rating at lower left and red manuscript "24" credit rating to G.B., carried by Collins Line Pacific departing New York Sep. 5th to Liverpool arriving Sep. 15th, partial red London (9.17) transit cds, reverse with bold Plymouth (9.18) double-arc transit; top edge tear, Fine and rare use.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)
Est. $300-400
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
354       image1855 (Dec. 31) Montreal, Canada to Cadiz, Spain via Boston. Folded letter with red "Montreal, Canada, Paid DE 31, 1855" tombstone datestamp with manuscript "1/7" 1s7d sterling and "2/-" currency ratings, endorsed "P Royal Mail Steamer" at top, sent via closed bag by train to Boston, carried by Cunard Line Asia from Boston Jan. 2nd 1856 to Liverpool arriving Jan. 14th, red London "Paid" (1.15) tombstone transit and matching oval "PF" handstamp, Calais (1.15) transit cds, blue Cadiz arrival backstamp and matching "4R." reales due rating for inland postage, Very Fine and choice, ex-Wilkinson, Hobden.
Estimate; $300 - 400.

ONE OF ONLY TWO RECORDED COVERS OF THIS USAGE CANADA TO CADIZ. (Image1)
Est. $300-400
SOLD for $250.00
Will close during Public Auction
355       image1856 (Mar. 28) London, England to New York N.Y. Gray folded letter with red London "Paid, LS" (3.28) Maltese cross datestamp and red manuscript "1/" 1s prepaid rating handstamp, red "5 / Cents" credit handstamp to U.S., carried by Cunard Line Cambria from Liverpool Mar. 29th to Boston arriving Apr. 16th, New York "Paid" in arc handstamp over London markings, "New York Post Office, Advertised" oval and "ADVERTISED" straightline, unclaimed and returned, "SENT BACK TO ENGLAND / WITHOUT A REASON / FOR NON-DELIVERY" three-line handstamp, Very Fine and scarce use.
Estimate; $300 - 400. (Image1)
Est. $300-400
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
356       image1856 (Jun. 23) Boston Mass. to Canton, China. Blue folded letter with red "Boston, Paid, Br. Pkt. Jun 23" and "Boston, Br. Pkt., 24 Jun" exchange cds, pencil "53" prepaid rating and red "48" credit rating handstamp to G.B., endorsed "Via Marseilles", carried by Cunard Line Arabia from New York Jun. 25th to Liverpool arriving Jul. 6th, red orange London "Paid" (7.7) transit cds, Hong Kong (8.25) arrival backstamp, Very Fine.
Estimate; $200 - 300. (Image1)
Est. $200-300
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
357       image1856 (Jun. 24) Hyderabad, India to Winchester Centre, Conn. Folded soldier's letter with "Soldier's Letter" endorsement, Bombay (7.19) backstamp and red "India" oval handstamp, red "Lombard Paid", London (8.21) backstamp with large "2" pence due handstamp updated in manuscript "4" cents G.B. debit to U.S., carried by Cunard Line Niagara from Liverpool Sep. 3 to Boston arriving Sep. 15, "New York Br. Pkt., Sep 3" exchange datestamp and manuscript "9" due rating for 4¢ plus 5¢ inland due rating, Very Fine and rare.
Estimate; $2,000 - 3,000.

ONE OF ONLY FOUR RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THIS SCARCE SOLDIER'S CONCESSIONARY RATE FROM INDIA TO THE UNITED STATES.

Unpaid soldier's letter from Private Jeremiah Ryan, 2nd company, 2nd Regiment, Bombay European Light infantry. Letter entitled to British military concessionary rate with appropriate endorsement and signature of company officer, and appropriately signed by the Major commanding. London marked 2d due, the unpaid concessionary rate to the U.K. and passed this on as 4¢ debit to U.S. New York added 5¢ for U.S. inland fees and marked the letter for 9¢ postage due. This was the only way an unpaid letter could be sent from India to the U.S. for only 9¢.
(Image1)
Est. $2,000-3,000
SOLD for $2,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
358       image1856 (Sep. 19) New York N.Y. to Glasgow, Scotland. Bold "New-York, Paid, Sep 19, 1856" cds and red "3" credit handstamp on buff cover with blue cameo "Henry R. Wilkinson, General Commission Merchant" corner card, endorsed "Paid", carried by Collins Line Atlantic departing New York Sep. 19th to Liverpool arriving Sep. 30th, London red "Paid, 3 OC, 1856" transit cds, Glasgow (10.4) arrival backstamp; small edge flaws, Very Fine and attractive transatlantic cameo use, ex-Hahn.
Estimate; $200 - 300.

Includes typed 1951 letter from Ashbrook to Philip Ward explaining the lack of an exchange marking and notation of postage paid.
(Image1)
Est. $200-300
CLOSED
Will close during Public Auction
359       image1856 (Oct. 3) Hamburg, Germany to San Francisco Cal. Gray folded cover with sharp "Hamburg, 8 Oct 1856" postmark, "Aachen, 5 Cts., 9/10" transit cds and blue manuscript "2", carried by Cunard Line Arabia from Liverpool Oct. 11th to Boston arriving Oct. 24th, bold "Boston Br. Pkt. '30' Oct 25" debit exchange cds, Very Fine and scarce use via Boston to California.
Estimate; $150 - 200.

This cover was forwarded via the Aachen exchange office and British packet at the 30¢ Prussian Closed Mail rate (5¢ U.S. inland, 18¢ sea and British transit, 2¢ Belgian inland (blue manuscript. "2") and 5¢ Prussian).
(Image1)
Est. $150-200
SOLD for $130.00
Will close during Public Auction
360       image1857 (Jun. 11) Cronstadt, Russia to West Newton Mass. Blue folded letter with framed Cronstadt postmark on backflap and partial strike on front, Stettin (6.16) transit backstamp, orange "Aachen, Paid 23 Cts. 17/6" transit cds, scarce red "Aus Russland / Franco" framed handstamp, red manuscript "f 3/ U" and blue ms. "f11" ratings on reverse, carried by Cunard Line Niagara from Liverpool Jun. 20th to Boston arriving Jul. 1st, bold red "Boston 'Paid 30' Br. Pkt. Jul 1" credit exchange cds, letter concerns shipping from Bordeaux and the dull effects the Crimean War is having on business and the availability of workers, Very Fine and scarce use from Russia via PCM.
Estimate; $150 - 200. (Image1)
Est. $150-200
SOLD for $260.00
Will close during Public Auction

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