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British Parliamentary Post and Early Colonial Period continued...

Pennsylvania
Lot Sym. Lot Description  
2684 c image1684 (Aug. 24) to William Penn in Pennsylvania. Folded cover addressed to "William Pen Gouverneur" in Pennsylvania, large "V" in manuscript, small initial letter crossed out (postal marking or rate?), docketed "Vanderwall 24 Aug. 1684" which might refer to Jacobus van der Walle, a resident of Frankfurt, Germany, who is cited in other references to Penn, linen backed and repaired, soiled

ALMOST CERTAINLY THE EARLIEST COVER IN PRIVATE HANDS ADDRESSED TO THE FOUNDER AND FIRST PROPRIETOR OF PENNSYLVANIA, WILLIAM PENN.

William Penn received the Charter of Pennsylvania from King Charles II in 1681. Penn's cousin was appointed deputy governor of the province in 1681, and Penn himself arrived in Pennsylvania in October 1682 (www.legis.state.pa.us/WU01/VC/visitor_info/pa_history/whole_pa_history.htm ).

According to www.ushistory.org, "...a statement in the Pemberton family papers...declares that in [July] 1683 William Penn granted to Henry Waldy, of Tekonay, the right to hold a weekly post between Philadelphia and Wilmington. The Colonial Records do not mention this commission, but in that year a law was passed at Philadelphia making every justice of the peace, sheriff and constable responsible for the speedy forwarding of such letters, 'directed to or from the Governor,' as should come to hand. It is possible that this service was soon after extended to the dispatch of private letters." (www.ushistory.org/franklin/philadelphia/postoffice.htm). Another reference to this post will be found in Ter Braake (p. C-5).

There are no clearly-defined postal markings, but Waldy's post was probably operating when this letter arrived in Pennsylvania in late 1684. The enigmatic crossed-out "M" at top appears to be written in a shade of ink that differs from the address. On August 12, 1684, before this cover was sent (according to the receipt docketing), William Penn departed Pennsylvania for England (www.gwyneddfriends.org/wmpenn.htm).

This is the first 17th century cover to William Penn we have seen offered at auction. (Image)

E. 7,500-10,000

SOLD for $40,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
2685 c image1698 (Apr. 21) from Lord Bellomont to William Penn in Brstol, England. Folded cover addressed "For The honble. William Penn Esqr., Proprietor and Governor of the Province of Pennsylvania at his House in Bristoll", manuscript "6" rate and "OC/13" Bishop's mark on back, receipt docketing "Ld. Bellomont, 4m 21 .98" (Apr. 21, 1698), intact wax seal, reinforced along folds, Very Fine, Lord Bellomont was appointed Governor of New England by William III around 1696 and is best known for his part in bankrolling (and eventually arresting) the legendary pirate Captain Kidd, at the time Lord Bellomont wrote this letter from the American colonies (April 1698), Penn had returned to England (Image) E. 1,000-1,500

SOLD for $12,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
2686 c imageca. 1698, to William Penn in Cork, Ireland. Folded cover addressed "To Mr. William Penn at Mr. Joseph Pike Mercht. in Corke" and franked "Free Gallway", "IV/II" Bishop's mark, intact wax seal, pencil year date "1698", Very Fine, Penn returned to England around this time and toured Ireland (Image) E. 500-750

SOLD for $700.00
Will close during Public Auction
2687 c image1702, from Lord Nottingham to William Penn in England. Folded cover addressed "For William Pen Esqr. These" and franked "Nottingham" by Lord Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, docketed "Ld. Nottingham" and year-dated "1702" which correlates with Penn's presence in England, tissue repairs and discoloration, still a remarkable cover associating William Penn and the Earl of Nottingham (Image) E. 500-750

SOLD for $550.00
Will close during Public Auction
2688 c image1702, to William Penn in Bristol, England. Folded cover addressed "For Mr. William Pen at his House In Bristoll", "VEO" and "OC/3" handstamps, manuscript "7" rate, receipt docketing "Peterboron Oct. 3, 1702", paper backing, some soiling and wear, around this time William Penn and his wife were in England and she gave birth to their son Thomas (Image) E. 300-400

SOLD for $600.00
Will close during Public Auction
2689 c image1683 (Apr. 25) from Roger Haydock in England to Phineas Pemberton in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Folded cover addressed:

"These for his Esteemed friend Phineas Pemberton in ye County of Bucks in Ponsillvania in Amerika [wth. Care]"

The backflap is docketed "Roger Haydock, Warrington, 4 mo 25 1683 to Phineas Pemberton, Bucks County"

AN IMPORTANT EARLY COVER ADDRESSED TO PHINEAS PEMBERTON SOON AFTER HIS ARRIVAL IN AMERICA IN SEPTEMBER 1682. PEMBERTON, ONE OF THE FIRST ENGLISH QUAKERS TO SETTLE IN PENNSYLVANIA, WAS DESCRIBED BY WILLIAM PENN AS "THE ABLEST AS WELL AS ONE OF THE BEST MEN IN THE PROVINCE."

In April 1683 the well-known Quaker minister, Roger Haydock, residing at Warrington in Cheshire County, England, mailed this cover to his friend, Phineas Pemberton, shortly after Pemberton arrived in the American colonies in September 1682 (Emigrants to Pennsylvania 1641-1819, A Partial List of the Families Who Resided in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, Prior to 1687, p. 26). Haydock was later imprisoned for his religious activities in Lancaster, England, from December 1684 until March 1686.

The following biographical information comes from www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/Lobby/2767/pfamily.html: "Phineas Pemberton was William Penn's chief administrator in Bucks County and Falls Township's most prominent citizen. He and his father-in-law, James Harrison, and his own father Ralph Pemberton and families arrived from Bolton, Lancashire, England in 1682 on the ship SUBMISSION . They settled on 300 acres opposite Bordentown, NJ, on the bend of the Delaware River just below Biles Island and the 13 farms shown on the 1690 map, and just outside the tract of Pennsbury that Penn reserved for himself. He and James Harrison named it, 'Grove Place.'"

William Penn received the Charter of Pennsylvania from King Charles II in 1681. Penn's cousin was appointed deputy governor of the province in 1681, and Penn himself arrived in Pennsylvania in October 1682 (www.legis.state.pa.us/WU01/VC/visitor_info/pa_history/whole_pa_history.htm ). According to www.ushistory.org, "...a statement in the Pemberton family papers...declares that in [July] 1683 William Penn granted to Henry Waldy, of Tekonay, the right to hold a weekly post between Philadelphia and Wilmington. The Colonial Records do not mention this commission, but in that year a law was passed at Philadelphia making every justice of the peace, sheriff and constable responsible for the speedy forwarding of such letters, 'directed to or from the Governor,' as should come to hand. It is possible that this service was soon after extended to the dispatch of private letters." (www.ushistory.org/franklin/philadelphia/postoffice.htm). Another reference to this post will be found in Ter Braake (p. C-5).

This letter probably took at least 70 days to reach an American port, which would date its arrival around mid-July 1683, coinciding with the month Waldy's post is reported to have been authorized by William Penn. There are no postal markings.

This extraordinary cover is one of the earliest pieces of mail to or from the newly-established Quaker colony of Pennsylvania. (Image)

E. 7,500-10,000

SOLD for $10,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
2690 c image1686 (Jun. 18) from Nathaniel Atharton in England to Phineas Pemberton in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Folded cover addressed:

"To Phineas Pemberton in the County of Bucks in Ponsillvania in Amerika these" and "DDD" talismanic inscription

The backflap is docketed "Nathaniel Atharton, Bolton, 6mo 18 1686 to Phineas Pemberton, Bucks County", minor repairs and soiling

AN EXTREMELY EARLY COVER TO PHINEAS PEMBERTON IN THE NEWLY-ESTABLISHED COLONY OF PENNSYLVANIA.

According to www.geocities.com/capitolhill/lobby/2767/lippcott.html: "On November 17, 1683, Phineas Pemberton...purchased 500 acres on the Delaware River opposite Biles (Oreclan's) Island and built a house there which he called, 'Grove Place.' Being desirous of a more comfortable home for his large household he finished one in 1687, on a part of Pennsbury, Penn's home, some five miles distant and more in the interior, which he called, 'Bolton Farm'." This cover was sent with a letter from Nathaniel Atherton (Atharton) in Bolton, England, where Pemberton had lived and for which Bolton Farm was named.

There are no postal markings on this cover, but there is the possibility it was carried by the Waldy post, which is reported to have started in mid-1683. (Image)

E. 2,000-3,000

SOLD for $5,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
2691 c image(Lancaster Pa., 1769) "La 2". Red manuscript postmark and 2dwt rate on folded cover to Israel Pemberton in Philadelphia, receipt docketing "Lancaster 27 2 mo. 1769 From Isaac Whitlock", there is an additional bluish-black manuscript notation (postmark or rate?) at left, tissue reinforcements on face of cover touch postmarks but these can probably be removed, otherwise Very Fine, this Lancaster Pa. Colonial postmark is extremely rare, the Siskin sale offered an example as "possibly the only example of this postmark in private hands" (realized $4,750 hammer), the ASCC Vol. 3 list two dates priced at $2,000 (1768) and $1,750 (1773, the Siskin example) (Image) E. 1,000-1,500

SOLD for $6,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
2692 c image(Lancaster Pa., 1771) "La Way Pd. 2". Red manuscript "way" postmark and 2dwt rate on folded cover to John Steinmetz in Philadelphia, receipt docketing "William Bells Let. Lancasr Augt. 1771", toned along folds, right panel removed, otherwise Fine, this Lancaster Pa. Colonial "way" postmark is unlisted and exceedingly rare, the Siskin sale offered the normal "La" postmark as "possibly the only example of this postmark in private hands" (realized $4,750 hammer), the ASCC Vol. 3 list two dates priced at $2,000 (1768) and $1,750 (1773, the Siskin example) (Image) E. 1,000-1,500

SOLD for $5,750.00
Will close during Public Auction
2693 c image(Philadelphia to Jamaica, 1704) Privately-Carried Ship Letter. Folded cover to "Jonathan Dickinson, Mercht. In Jamaica, These" with sender's routing "p ye Mary Sam. Bicknall Msr.", receipt docketing "Philada. 28 5 mo 1704, Isaac Norris Letter p ye Mary, Saml. Bicknall Mr. recd the 18, 7 mo", Very Fine, Dickinson was a prominent merchant in Jamaica (see lot 2609-2610 for biographic note) (Image) E. 400-500

SOLD for $550.00
Will close during Public Auction
2694 c image(Philadelphia to Jamaica, 1708) Privately-Carried Ship Letter. Folded cover addressed "To Jonathn. Dickinson, To be left with Ezeikeil Gommersale, Mercht., In Jamaica, These" with sender's routing "p Capt Bayly", receipt docketing "Philadia 22 9ber 1708, Isaac Norris Lettr. p ye Hannah...Bayly Commandr. who arrived Xber 9 & carried to hand the 25 Decembr", small erosion spot in address, part of back panel missing, still Very Fine, see lot 2609-2610 for biographic note re Dickinson (Image) E. 400-500

SOLD for $300.00
Will close during Public Auction

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