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WESTERN EXPANSION continued...

THE MORMONS AND UTAH continued...
Lot Symbol CatNo. Lot Description CV or Estimate
581   [Mormon Utah] Outstanding content letter on the Mormons in Utah and emigrants to the west coast, Kaysville, Utah, May 18, 1864. Michael Pilling writes to H.J. Hudson in
Columbus, NE, about the MontanaIdaho gold rush: We had a short address on[Mormon Utah] Outstanding content letter on the Mormons in Utah and emigrants to the west coast, Kaysville, Utah, May 18, 1864. Michael Pilling writes to H.J. Hudson in Columbus, NE, about the Montana/Idaho gold rush: "We had a short address on the 16th here...from Brigham Young & [Heber] Kimball. Brigham spoke on the duties of the church to be faithful...in the Mountains while the nations is at war with one another...I have never heard a man qualified to speak with Brigham. You mentioned...the vast immigration...would cripple the influence of the church. Kimball said...there would be all of 100,000 men come & pass through here...He said there has not been a move that the Gentiles have made for the overthrow of this people but...for their good...Men will come here spend their money, go on to the mines, curse the place & the Mormons and never wish to step their feet on Utah soil again. This is no place for Gentiles...Still they must come here from the Mines for provisions." (Image) Est. $500-750

SOLD for $1,800.00
Will close during Public Auction
582   [Young, Brigham], Lengthy, religious content Manuscript Letter Signed Brigham Young, 6-15 pages, 4to, Great Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, October 31, 1864. He writes to a
gentleman in New York that he is pleased to know that you have take[Young, Brigham], Lengthy, religious content Manuscript Letter Signed "Brigham Young," 6-1/5 pages, 4to, Great Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, October 31, 1864. He writes to a gentleman in New York that he is "pleased to know that you have taken pains to carefully read and investigate our doctrines and principles besides perusing what our enemies have to say. You inform me that you and your friends desire to become Mormons and that you wish to ascertain if the project is feasible. We have Elders in the East who would readily administer the ordinance of baptism the pre-requisite being, that you believe in Jesus Christ, the Son of God and the Saviour of the world, and repent truly and sincerely of all your sins. You see by this that the project of your becoming Latter-day Saints or 'Mormons is quite feasible. If you go forth and are baptized and also have hands laid upon your heads for the reception of the Holy Ghost by one who has the authority you will receive that spirit, and it will bear testimony to you that you have obeyed the Truth. It is by taking this course, that I and all the Latter-day Saints who have attained knowledge respecting the gospel of Jesus, know that the world called Mormonism, is the truth of Heaven, the gospel of salvation. Jesus said 'If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself. This is the rule which he gave unto the people when he was on the earth, and by obeying which, they obtained the knowledge that he was indeed what he professed to be ... the Son of God." He gives other, more direct biblical support for the doctrine of receiving the Holy Spirit before explaining, "The apostacy of man, through the changing of these ordinances and the transgressing of the laws of God, caused the Holy Ghost and its gifts and the power of God to be withdrawn from the midst of mankind for many generations. But the Lord had predicted, by the mouths of his Holy prophets, that the time would come when he would break the silence. The revelator John, in the 6th verse of his 14 Chapter says that 'he saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth' The mission of this angel to the earth was to restore again the principles and power which had been withdrawn and usher in the work which should prepare mankind and the earth for the coming of the Son of man." ... (additional extensive text not transcribed here) "… Besides these, we have works written by our Elders upon doctrine: The Voice of Warning by Parley P. Pratt, Spencer's Letters by Orson Spencer, and many other works." In the postscript, Young tells his correspondent how to contact William H. Miles, an Elder who is in New York. The postscript appears to bear a secretarial signature on Young's behalf, "B.Y."Pin holes at top of pages, with fold wear including very minor separation at edges, and some soiling. Very Fine.Young, Brigham - American religious leader (1801-77); a prominent member of the Latter-day Saint community upon the death of prophet Joseph Smith, he soon emerged as the leader of the largest faction; planned and led the great exodus to the Utah Territory; presided during the period of greatest conflict with the US government, including the "Utah War" and the Mountain Meadows Massacre; founded the University of Utah and Brigham Young University. Young's letters are not common, but those with substantial religious content are rare indeed and naturally of exceptional interest. (imagea) (Image) Est. $4,000-5,000

SOLD for $30,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
583 c   Utah and Mormon related cover balance, four Utah Territory covers comprised of bold "Salt Lake City, Utah/Aug 1" Ty III datestamp tying 3c Dull red (#11) to cover to Hopewell, N.J., "Salt Lake City, U.T./Feb 19" postmark and matching "Paid/3" on folded cover, manuscript "Spanish Fork/Dec 22/69/U.T." postmark on cover to Salem, Mass. with 3c Ultramarine (#114) and violet "American Fork, Utah./Feb 20" datestamp on 3c Green entire (reduced at right) with original letter from Mary Smith, probably from 1877, mentioning Brigham Young "..has given it in to the hands of the women..." and that there is "...plenty of snow in the valeys but none in the mountains for iragation next summer...had they heeded the presidents council they would have plenty of grain savedup...Brigham has been talking a long time about it...now he has given it in the hands of the wimen..." Est. $300-400

SOLD for $500.00
Will close during Public Auction
584   [Mormonism Balance], An exceptional balance lot of letters by and about Mormons. Includes a letter from George [Bouringer?], 1842, about collecting tithes; damaged. With 1843 letter (much damage) to Joseph Smith offering to sell him arms, with a reply written at close from Smith and W. Richards (not in Smith's hand) apparently refusing the offer. Also with 1843 and 1845 letters remarking on the twelve white carved oxen in the Nauvoo Temple. With an 1844 letter from John Gillet to William Clayton, regarding land in Nauvoo. With an 1845 letter by Hiram Kimball (cousin of apostle Heber) about some land. An 1846 letter by a Mormon woman in Nauvoo who says they are all going west because "we cannot live in the United States." With a February 1853 letter written from Parowan, UT, full of religious inspiration by a Co. E.G. Potter, who tells his mother that "I hope that you will see your folly and repent of you sins and to be Baptised for you sins and the laying on of hands for the gift of the Holy Ghost which will lead you in all truth...I declare it unto you also that Joseph Smith was a prophet of God and Brigham Young is his successor." With an Autograph Letter Signed by "Joseph Smith" III, son of the Mormon prophet, and leader of the Reorganized LDS Church, from Plano, Illinois, December 1873, on official stationery of the Latter Day Saints' Herald; with two envelopes from Lamoni Iowa, 1884, with Smith's return address. Also with an unusual 1907 leather postcard with a printed photograph tipped to recto, showing Main St. in Salt Lake City. With engravings of Salt Lake City and Nauvoo. A varied and interesting lot, sure to reward investigation. Est. $750-1,000

SOLD for $35,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
585   [Mormon Library] A large selection of mostly (but not entirely) anti-Mormon books from the 19th century: The Times and Seasons. Vol. 2, Nos. 1-24, Nov. 1840-Oct. 1841. Nauvoo, IL. 8vo, half brown cloth with brown boards. Owner’s pen identification (1847) on free endpaper. Risvold label on pastedown. Foxed, especially first several leaves, some shaking, well worn boards. The Latter-Day Saints Millennial Star. Manchester, UK, W. Shackleton & Son, 1841. Volume I only. 8vo, ½ leather with marbled boards, gilt spine. Owner’s pencil and pen marks on front and rear endpapers. Risvold label on front pastedown. Rubbed, with minor staining and foxing within, The City of the Mormons, or, Three Days at Nauvoo in 1842. Henry Caswall. London, JGF & J. Rivington, 1842. 12mo, paper, 82pp plus ad page. Front cover and first two leaves detached but present. Chipped wraps, soiled extremities. Female Life Among the Mormons. [Maria Ward]. London, G. Routledge, 1855. 12mo, half calf with gilt spine, marbled boards. Apparently rebound in original or contemporary covers. Risvold’s label on front pastedown. Some rubbing of edges. The Mormons, or Latter-Day Saints.... John W. Gunnison. Philadelphia, Lippincott, Grambo, & Co., 1852. 12mo, purple cloth, gilt spine. Wootcut frontispiece. Spine faded. Covers rubbed. Overall light foxing. Life in Utah; or, the Mysteries and Crimes of Mormonism. Being an Expose of the Secret Rites and Ceremonies of the Latter-day Saints… JH Beadle. Philadelphia, National Publishing Co., [1870]. 8vo, original cloth with gilt title and spine. Map folded in. Risvold label on pastedown. Stain to first few dozen leaves. Some shaking, closed tear in map, hinge crack. Brigham's Destroying Angel. Hickman and Beadle. NY, Geo. A. Crofutt, 1872. 12mo, original green cloth with gilt portrait on cover, gilt spine. Pictorial frontis. Some light staining and general wear to cover. Views of Salt Lake City and Vicinity. Columbus, Ward Bros. 1890. Fold-out book of engravings of the city’s sights, with small pamphlet on the city. Oblong 12mo, stamped cloth with gilt title. The Mormons: or Latter-Day Saints. London, National Illustrated Library, no year. 12mo, original cloth with gilt spine. Probably a pirate of Gunnison, 1856. Soiled and worn cover, some internal foxing. Est. $750-1,000

SOLD for $4,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
OVERLAND MAILS OF THE TRANS-MISSISSIPPI WEST
Lot Symbol CatNo. Lot Description CV or Estimate
586 c   [Kearnys Overland Mail of 1847, from Monterey] folded letter with integral address leaf datelined Monterey Barracks Cal., May 27th, 1847 to Alfred, N.Y., entered the mails with
red St Louis, Mo.Aug 26 datestamp and matching STEAM 10 hands[Kearny's Overland Mail of 1847, from Monterey] folded letter with integral address leaf datelined "Monterey Barracks Cal., May 27th, 1847" to Alfred, N.Y., entered the mails with red "St Louis, Mo./Aug 26" datestamp and matching "STEAM 10" handstamp, some staining, carried on the first overland mail from California. The letter was placed in the post office where it was postmarked ST. LOUIS/Aug 26/MO. In the letter the writer states that it will go "across the mountains "with Kearny and then gives a detailed report on the Mexican War and events in California. (Image) Est. $5,000-7,500

SOLD for $13,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
587 c   [Kearnys Overland Mail of 1847, from San Farncisco] John Bull correspondence folded letter with integral address leaf to Boston datelined Bark Tasso, San Francisco, April
30th47, carried on the first overland mail from California, entered the[Kearny's Overland Mail of 1847, from San Farncisco] John Bull correspondence folded letter with integral address leaf to Boston datelined "Bark Tasso, San Francisco, April 30th/47", carried on the first overland mail from California, entered the mails with red "St Louis, Mo/Aug 26" datestamp with integral "10" rate and matching "STEAM 10" handstamp, fresh and very fine; ex-Wiltse.Bull writes: "...the U.S. mail which will convey this to its destination, leaves here the 3d of May & as i have two or three to write i am afraid of delay..." Kearny left Monterey on 31st of May. (Image) Est. $5,000-7,500

SOLD for $16,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
588 c   [Kearnys Overland Mail of 1847, from Los Angeles] folded letter with integral address leaf from a soldier to New York datelined Pueblo de los Angeles, Upper California, May 20,
1847, entered the mails with red St. Louis, Mo.Aug 26 datestamp[Kearny's Overland Mail of 1847, from Los Angeles] folded letter with integral address leaf from a soldier to New York datelined "Pueblo de los Angeles, Upper California, May 20, 1847", entered the mails with red "St. Louis, Mo./Aug 26" datestamp and matching "STEAM 10" handstamp, cover toning and some splits along the folds, fine. (Image) Est. $4,000-5,000

SOLD for $14,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
589 c   Overland Via Placerville & Salt Lake City, printed directive for Central Route on six-horse stage coach illustrated cover published by Randal & Co, Marysville to North
Bucksport, Maine with 10c Green, Ty. V (35) tied by Oroville, Cal.Dec 21, 1Overland Via Placerville & Salt Lake City, printed directive for Central Route on six-horse stage coach illustrated cover published by Randal & Co, Marysville to North Bucksport, Maine with 10c Green, Ty. V (#35) tied by "Oroville, Cal./Dec 21, 1859" datestamp with year slug inverted, trivial sealed tear at top just touching design, still very fine and handsome; covers carried over the Central Route via Salt Lake City in preference to the Butterfield route are substantially more rare; ex-West. (Image) Est. $3,000-4,000

SOLD for $18,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
590 c   [Chorpenning Route from Utah, via California, to East] manuscript directive on 3c Red on buff entire (U2) uprated by a horizontal pair 3c Dull red (11, small faults) tied by
well struck blue Salt Lake City, Utah T.Jan 5 datestamp, carried on[Chorpenning Route from Utah, via California, to East] manuscript directive on 3c Red on buff entire (#U2) uprated by a horizontal pair 3c Dull red (#11, small faults) tied by well struck blue "Salt Lake City, Utah T./Jan 5" datestamp, carried on the Chorpenning route, probably over the Old Spanish Trail, to California, then by steamer via Panama to Hopewell, N.J., minor edge wear and tears, very fine.Carried over the Sierras by Snowshoe Thompson for Chorpenning (see Chronicle 215 where this cover is illustrated and discussed on page 203)There is no record of a 9-cent rate "Via California." One logical speculation can be based on the fact that the Mormon postmaster at Salt Lake City was in a position to charge whatever he thought appropriate. Thus he may have reasoned that the letter could have gone overland to the east coast for only 3 cents. Therefore if the sender wanted it to go "Via California," he should pay the inland rate for under 3,000 miles to California, plus the 6-cent rate for over 3,000 miles from California via Panama, making a total rate of 9 cents.In 1851, Absolom Woodward and George Chorpenning contracted with the Post Office Department to carry the mails from Salt Lake City to San Francisco via the emigrant route through Nevada (then Utah Territory) and over the Sierra Nevada Mountains. This was for the period 1851-58. Because of the deep snows in the high Sierras, it became too difficult and dangerous to continue this route during the winter months. Therefore the route during the winter was changed to the Old Spanish Trail going southwest to Los Angeles and the port of San Pedro. (Image) Est. $1,000-1,500

SOLD for $7,250.00
Will close during Public Auction
591 c   [Chorpenning Route, Utah, via California, to the East] Via California manuscript directive on legal sized cover to Washington, D.C. with horizontal pair 3c Dull red (11) and
12c Black (17, small nick at top right), both tied by blue Salt Lake[Chorpenning Route, Utah, via California, to the East] Via California manuscript directive on legal sized cover to Washington, D.C. with horizontal pair 3c Dull red (#11) and 12c Black (#17, small nick at top right), both tied by blue "Salt Lake City, Utah T./Jan 1" datestamps, with postmark repeated at lower left, carried on the Chorpenning route over the Old Spanish Trail to California, then by steamer via Panama to Washington, cover with horizontal and vertical folds, small piece added at top center and flap missing, very fine usage.The cover offered as the previous lot with the non-existent 9c rate is similar to the cover offered here. If the deduction for the 9c rate is correct (that the Salt Lake postmaster charged 3c to go west per the sender's directive, and then 6c to go east from California per the prevailing rate), then this cover would be a double rate usage. From the position of the 12c stamp it appears to have been added at the Post Office. (Image) Est. $1,000-1,500

SOLD for $4,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
592 c   [Chorpenning Route, Utah via San Francisco to Hawaii] 6c Green on buff entire (U15) to Honolulu, Sandwich Islands cancelled by green Salt Lake City, Utah TFeb 1 datestamp,
carried on the Chorpenning route over the Old Spanish Trail to San Ped[Chorpenning Route, Utah via San Francisco to Hawaii] 6c Green on buff entire (#U15) to Honolulu, Sandwich Islands cancelled by green "Salt Lake City, Utah T/Feb 1" datestamp, carried on the Chorpenning route over the Old Spanish Trail to San Pedro, then by steamer to San Francisco and from there by steamer to Honolulu, manuscript April 14, 1856 docket on reverse, very fine.Carried over the Sierras by Snowshoe Thompson for Chorpenning (see Across The Sierra Nevada Mountain by Snow-Shoe, by Risvold and Frajola in Chronicle #215). (Image) Est. $2,000-3,000

SOLD for $15,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
593 c   [Chorpenning Route, Utah via San Francisco to the East], Via San Francisco and Overland Mail, blue cover to New York City with Camp Floyd, U.T.Dec 14 datestamp and manuscript
Paid10 cents, carried by the Chorpenning route west and by Snows[Chorpenning Route, Utah via San Francisco to the East], Via San Francisco and Overland Mail, blue cover to New York City with "Camp Floyd, U.T./Dec 14" datestamp and manuscript "Paid/10 cents", carried by the Chorpenning route west and by "Snowshoe" Thompson over the Sierra Nevada to San Francisco, and then routed east via the Butterfield Overland Stage line, extremely fine; ex-Beals. Probably carried over the Sierras by Snowshoe Thompson for Chorpenning. The writer of this letter, Fitz John Porter, was a Major and Adjutant General to Albert S. Johnston commanding the Army of Utah which was stationed at Camp Floyd during the Mormon War. (Image) Est. $1,000-1,500

SOLD for $9,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
594 c   [Fort Laramie to San Francisco], cover with 1c Blue, Ty. V (24, corner missing) and horizontal pair and single 3c Dull red (25, single with corner missing) tied by three light
strikes of Fort Laramie, N.T.Jan 12 Nebraska Territory datestamp,[Fort Laramie to San Francisco], cover with 1c Blue, Ty. V (#24, corner missing) and horizontal pair and single 3c Dull red (#25, single with corner missing) tied by three light strikes of "Fort Laramie, N.T./Jan 12" Nebraska Territory datestamp, with postmark repeated at bottom left, carried by Chorpenning to California where it received a "Benicia, Cal./Feb 7" datestamp an a manuscript "Missent" on its was to San Francisco, very fine. (Image) Est. $400-500

SOLD for $450.00
Will close during Public Auction
595 c   [Chorpenning Route via San Francisco to New Grenada] manuscript Via California endorsement on cover addressed to Navy surgeon L.C. Lane on board U.S. ship Decatur at Panama,
New Grenada, with 3c Dull red (26) tied by manuscript Camp Floyd[Chorpenning Route via San Francisco to New Grenada] manuscript "Via California" endorsement on cover addressed to Navy surgeon L.C. Lane on board U.S. ship Decatur at Panama, New Grenada, with 3c Dull red (#26) tied by manuscript "Camp Floyd/U.T. Feby 7" postmark and matching "Paid 20c" for postage from California to Panama, apparently held about ten weeks because of a severe winter in the Sierra Nevada, departed with the newly introduced rimless "Camp Floyd/April 18" postmark, very fine.Carried over the Sierras by Snowshoe Thompson for Chorpenning (see Chronicle #215 article where this cover is illustrated and discussed on page 210).Lane, Levi Cooper (1828-1902) joined the Navy in December of 1855. He was onboard the U.S.S. Decatur when the Decatur and the U.S.S. Coast Survey ship Active helped repulse the Indians in the battle of Seattle on January 26, 1856. At the time of this cover the Decatur was off the coast of Central America and it became the temporary refuge of members of the filibustering expedition of Wm. Walker who sought to control Nicaragua, which ended his life before a Honduran firing squad. On the return of the Decatur to San Francisco in the fall of 1859, Lane resigned his commission for a notable medical career. (Image) Est. $4,000-5,000

SOLD for $17,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
596 c   Via Visalia & Los Angeles printed directive on four-horse stage coach illustrated cover to Candor, N.Y. with 10c Green, Ty. V (35, short tear) tied by double circle Visalia,
CalNo 30 datestamp, small piece of flap missing, very fine the onVia Visalia & Los Angeles printed directive on four-horse stage coach illustrated cover to Candor, N.Y. with 10c Green, Ty. V (#35, short tear) tied by double circle "Visalia, Cal/No 30" datestamp, small piece of flap missing, very fine; the only example reported while this route was in use.This cover was picked-up by the eastbound Butterfield stage at Visalia on Wednesday, November 30, 1859. Visalia was a time-table station located about midway between Los Angeles and San Francisco, in the San Juaquin Valley. (Image) Est. $1,000-1,500

SOLD for $1,400.00
Will close during Public Auction
597 c   Via San Diego and San Antonio, manuscript directive on Alta California Newspaper Office imprint cover carried on the Jackass route to the editor of the Picayune newspaper at
New Orleans, with 10c Green, Ty. III (33, defective) tied bVia San Diego and San Antonio, manuscript directive on "Alta California Newspaper Office" imprint cover carried on the "Jackass" route to the editor of the Picayune newspaper at New Orleans, with 10c Green, Ty. III (#33, defective) tied by "San Francisco, Cal/Nov 21, 1859" datestamp, with original letter on matching stationery requesting recipient to use the new route, some staining mainly at left, the most spectacular of the ten Jackass Mail Route covers reported.The letter on "Alta California" letterhead requests that Edward C. Wharton, of the New Orleans Picayune send a weekly newsletter via San Antonio and the Jackass Mail instead of the Butterfield route via St Louis. They want to try the new route and save three days time. See Deconstructing the Jackass Mail Route, by Risvold and Frajola in Chronicle #220 where this cover is discussed and illustrated on page 278. (Image) Est. $4,000-5,000

SOLD for $11,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
598 c   Via San Antonio and El Paso, manuscript directive to Nueces, Texas, with red Jackson, Cal.Feb 5, 1860 datestamp and two 3c Dull red (26), for double rate under 3,000, miles
cancelled my manuscript X, this cover was carried in the late StageVia San Antonio and El Paso, manuscript directive to Nueces, Texas, with red "Jackson, Cal./Feb 5, 1860" datestamp and two 3c Dull red (#26), for double rate under 3,000, miles cancelled my manuscript "X", this cover was carried in the late Stage 3 period of the route (see Chronicle #220, November 2008), instead of going via San Diego, it was carried on the portion of the Butterfield route to El Paso and then over the Giddings and Doyle route from San Antonio, very fine. Illustrated in Chronicle #220 on page 279. (Image) Est. $750-1,000

SOLD for $4,750.00
Will close during Public Auction
599 c   Via El Paso and San Antonio, manuscript directive on small yellow cover intended to be carried on the Jackass route to Nueces, Texas, with right margin horizontal strip of
three 1c Blue, Ty. V (24, right stamp defective) tied by red Jackson,Via El Paso and San Antonio, manuscript directive on small yellow cover intended to be carried on the "Jackass" route to Nueces, Texas, with right margin horizontal strip of three 1c Blue, Ty. V (#24, right stamp defective) tied by red "Jackson, Cal./Apr 4, 1860" datestamp, "DUE 7" handstamp of San Francisco, instead of being put into the Butterfield overland mail bag it was routed via the Panama steamer departing April 5. Illustrated in Chronicle #220 on page 280, very fine. (Image) Est. $3,000-4,000

SOLD for $2,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
600 c   Via San Diego, westbound Du Barry correspondence cover to Fort Yuma, California with Via San Diego directive, Sellers Tavern19 April manuscript postmark and matching Paid10c
rate for over 3,00 miles, an 1858 use carried via Panama, by steVia San Diego, westbound Du Barry correspondence cover to Fort Yuma, California with "Via San Diego" directive, "Sellers Tavern/19 April" manuscript postmark and matching "Paid/10c" rate for over 3,00 miles, an 1858 use carried via Panama, by steamer to San Diego and thence over the Jackass Route to Fort Yuma, fresh and very fine. Illustrated in Chronicle #220 on page 280. (Image) Est. $750-1,000

SOLD for $2,400.00
Will close during Public Auction

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