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WESTERN EXPANSION continued...

CALIFORNIA continued...
Lot Symbol CatNo. Lot Description CV or Estimate
481   Bayard Taylor, Eight works by the popular 19th-century author, who became the nation's foremost travel writer. Includes: Eldorado; or, Adventures in the Path of Empire. London, Richard Bentley, 1850. 2 volumes. 8vo, orange cloth with gilt spines. First London edition? Some shaking and cracking of interior hinges, edges bumped and soiled. A visit to India, China, and Japan in the Year 1853. New York, GP Putnam, 1855. 8vo, original cloth with gilt spine. Tipped to front pastedown is a brief ALS "Bayard Taylor," 1859, making a social appointment. Extremities toned, cover worn, interior tight and clean. Colorado: A Summer Trip. New York, GP Putnam and Son, 1867. 12mo, original cloth with gilt spine. Spine somewhat worn. Byeways of Europe. London, Sampson, Low, Son, & Martin, 1869. 2 volumes. 12mo, ¼ leather with marbled boards, gilt spines. Owner's bookplate on pastedowns. Rubbed edges, hinges. Interior tight and fine. Home Ballads. Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1882. 8vo, full brown leather with tree-grain insert, gilt edges, gilt designs, 61 pp. Illustration plates, hinge wear. A handsome group, worth viewing. Est. $750-1,000

SOLD for $525.00
Will close during Public Auction
482   [Vigilance Committee, 1856] Book: A True and Minute History of the Assassination of James King of Wm. at San Francisco.... Frank Fargo. San Francisco, JW Sullivan, 1856. 8vo,
original pictorial wraps. Back wraps with about ½ inch torn away at[Vigilance Committee, 1856] Book: A True and Minute History of the Assassination of James King of Wm. at San Francisco.... Frank Fargo. San Francisco, JW Sullivan, 1856. 8vo, original pictorial wraps. Back wraps with about ½ inch torn away at edge. Some soiling and foxing. James King of William's death - a lost duel rather than an assassination - at the hands of rival publisher James P. Casey, spurred the violence committed by the 1856 Vigilance Committee, who hanged Casey and another man, Charles Cora, who had also won a duel against one of the committee's political allies. (Image) Est. $300-400

SOLD for $525.00
Will close during Public Auction
483   [San Francisco, Vigilance Committee, 1856] Pair of choice letters from either side of the controversy surrounding the 1856 resurgence of the Vigilance Committee. In contrast to its rise in 1851, the committee in 1856 was as much a political tool as an attempt to institute law and order. Both letters are written on the same day, June 19, 1856. One written by Dr. William Carman, signed "Medicus" is to his brother-in-law, Nathaniel Miller (see his correspondence in this section), who had been a member of the 1851 committee:"The Vigilantes are now arrayed against the pretended Law & Order party - six worthies were shipped before and we have now another batch of eight in custody for shipment tomorrow. A few others have had warning to vamosebut decline. If they do not leave tomorrow I fear there will be a collission of the two factions as they have placed themselves under the protection of the state authorities. If they resist, the state authorities & they will go together. The Vigilantes are strong & determined. Resistance will result in a complete revolution yet I think without much loss of blood...We have between five & six thousand armed citizens enrolled in this city...We are strongly entrenched at Fort Vigilant with about 30 pieces of cannon...If a gun be fired in resistance...woe to the present state authorities...ballot box stuffers etc."Dr. W.H.R. Wood takes the other side of the issue. He is a Democrat in Sacramento and was assistant to the former secretary of state of California, J.W. Denver (see his correspondence in this and other sections), to whom he pens,"We have had a dreadful time of it with the Vigilance Committee in San Francisco since the last steamer. They have banded themselves together, taken the law into their own hands, and have commenced the work of hanging and banishing with a vengence. They have fortified themselves...and declare their intention of doing as they please...The Governor...could obtain no assistance from the United States forces...The affair of Phil Herbert is creating some awful excitement here. The black Republicans - Vigilance Committee men and such like are awefully down on him." Herbert, a former US Congressman, had shot a man in Washington and been twice acquitted, though his guilt was in little doubt. He was offered the chance to leave the state or become guest of honor at another necktie party, and wisely chose the former. Est. $750-1,000

SOLD for $900.00
Will close during Public Auction
484   [Vigilance Committee] The Cornock Correspondence 1850-55 a fine group of sixteen letters, accompanied by a few later documents, most from John Cornock, from California and
points on the trail, to his family back in Albany, NY. After initially pl[Vigilance Committee] The Cornock Correspondence 1850-55; a fine group of sixteen letters, accompanied by a few later documents, most from John Cornock, from California and points on the trail, to his family back in Albany, NY. After initially planning to go north or to Salt Lake City, Cornock heads toward California, writing on June 12, 1850 from Nebraska Territory (via Independence, MO, where it entered the mails): "We have just crossed the south fork of the Platte River. The river is about a mile across." Soon after, he met with Native Americans, including the Shawnees, Kansas, and Pottawatomies, apparently without incident. However, the Pawnees: "said to be the most savage tribe came at about daylight and tried to drive off our animals. They were fired on by the guard. A fight ensued in which we got one man killed and two more severely wounded. We killed thirteen of them besides wounding several. The next day we formed ourselves into a company and I was elected captain. My company consists of 18 waggons forty men and seven women and children ... the cholera has been raging and men are dieing like sheep. I have passed the graves of six eight and ten men in a day ... (a man) looked like a ghost and could scarcely totter along. He very affectedly said he thought they would all die and their wives and children have to starve on the plains."He reaches California on September 8 and has gone "to work on Heaven Creek and worked hard for three shillings which is rather poor wages for this country. I went to Diamond Springs where I found pretty good diggings but after digging a short time my money ran out and there being no water. I had to abandon the place to find a place that I could find gold enough for present purposes." In March 1851, he laments: "This is one of the worst places on gods footstool. Crime stalks about in open day. I have heard of several murders but in no case has the murderer escaped his just punishment. Vigilantism has taken hold: an Englishman is arrested for shooting his wife when the miners rallied and demanded the prisoner. The sheriff refused to give him up when the miners took him by force. They mounted him on a mule, put one end of a rope around the mans neck and fastened the limb of a tree. They drove the mule from under him and there he hung until he was Dead." He goes back east before making the overland trek again, settling in Michigan City (now generally known as Michigan Bluffs) in Placer County, and has been married. He writes in May 1852 that times are hard, and "the people are leaving for various places in this vicinity. Ground Dogs Glory, Dead Wood, Devils Basis, Hells Delight, Bogus Thunder, Mad Kanyon, Skirt Tail Kanyon, Grizily Kanyon and plenty of other places in the vicinity of the Devils Kingdom."In January 1854, he reports that at "El Dorado Kanyon four men were asleep in their cabin when a Avalanche slipped from the opposite side of the kanyon, damming the water in the kanyon to the depth of thirty feet and crushed the cabin and killed three of the men." By 1855 he has moved to nearby Campo Seco and is just getting by. He predicts difficult times for all due to the dry winter. Twenty days later he reports that "all the Banking Houses in California have suspended (specie payments) among which is Adams & Co, Wells Fargo & Co, Page Bacon & Co." (Image) Est. $3,000-4,000

SOLD for $6,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
485   [Vigilance Committee, Denver Correspondence] A unique archive of 29 letters to and from (mostly the former) James W. Denver, 1847-57, in the years during his tenure as
Californias secretary of state, and as her US Representative (1853-57 all tog[Vigilance Committee, Denver Correspondence] A unique archive of 29 letters to and from (mostly the former) James W. Denver, 1847-57, in the years during his tenure as California's secretary of state, and as her US Representative (1853-57 all together). Most are political, many of them concerning mail carrying contracts and mail agencies, the great distance between the Golden State and the nation's population centers making postal matters especially important - and perhaps profitable. In October 1855 his successor WHR Wood, who writes that Governor John "Bigler has been at war with me ever since you left. The Steamer on which you sailed had not left San Francisco a half hour before he sent over to the Office a formal demand for the State Seal in order to keep it in his office." Denver has docketed this letter, "No answer." In November, a request for arms for the state militia by quartermaster W.C. Kibbe notes that "Mobs and violent demonstrations have been of frequent occurrence during the past year." The first US mail agent to the state, W. Van Voorhies, writes later that month of the startling "assassination of Genl. Richardson and Isaac B. Wall," but like any good politician of the era, seems primarily interested because "in consequence...there will be two Presidential appointments to make," about which he has his own ideas! (In fact, Richardson was shot by Charles Cora in a duel over a private matter).Seven letters to US Senator Gwin have apparently been turned over to Denver, who has docketed them. One, also from November 1855, by one of Gwin's supporters in Diamond Springs, complains that "the Negro ordinance in Sac City has given fitts. The Southern men and all National men repudiate this base outrage." At the time, there is clearly a power struggle between the Democrats and the Know-Nothings in the state. This resulted from a split within the Democratic party so bitter that it led to duels (including Denver's with fellow Democrat Edward Gilbert. In July 1856 he receives an outstanding letter from J.W. Estill of San Francisco regarding "the transactions which have taken place in this city. I am happy however to be able to say that recent developments have done much toward bringing about the second sober thought of 'the people' by teaching them that the object of the Vigilance Committee is to create a complete revolution and change the existing government, the ulterior object of which, are to separate from the Union…...who have been armed without reflection by the mobocrats. They in return tickle the fancy of the leaders by promising them all the offices of the...new Republic..."The movement was intended merely to punish a criminal offender whom no one could successfully defend. In connection with him they united Cora who had but recently killed Genl. Richardson...Though he may have been innocent of murder they executed the two together. Amidst the shouts of the rabble, the connection of (politician and duelist James P.) Casey's name with ballot box stuffing gave an inclination to the minds of the multitude, to punish all ballot box stuffers, hence a new and popular impulse...completely intoxicated the Committee...and made them in their own minds statesmen. And thus the city of San Francisco was gradually...thrown into the hands of the tyrants." An interesting January 1857 letter from J.E. Jones of Ashland, Ky, informs Denver that he wishes "to return to California...in the spring and take with me a number of families, as permanent settlers... The 'Pacific Railroad' I look upon as a stupendous humbug for the present, but a good wagon road can be built for a trifling sum and in one season...If the government will give me $900,000 I will build a good stage road from the Missouri river to the eastern line of the state" and proposes to do so within the year. (Image) Est. $4,000-5,000

SOLD for $8,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
486   [Overland Mails, Denver Correspondence] With letters by and about Estill, Chorpenning, and Russell, Majors & Waddell, a small but interesting group of 12 letters to and from
James W. Denver, Governor of Kansas Territory, California government off[Overland Mails, Denver Correspondence] With letters by and about Estill, Chorpenning, and Russell, Majors & Waddell, a small but interesting group of 12 letters to and from James W. Denver, Governor of Kansas Territory, California government official, US Indian Agent, Civil War general, and staunch Democrat. These concern attempts to establish, improve, and dominate overland mail service. An 1858 letter from Mokelumne Hill, CA, describes the resurgence of gold mining after some have found Canada less rewarding. The same year, W.L. O'Connor is "getting capital to complete a Railroad from Sanfrancisco to St. Jose...If I could get a grant of land or other assistance, I would undertake to get Capital for five hundred miles." Meanwhile, Denver hears from J.W. Estill, who had attempted to establish an express company between Missouri and the west. Estill writes again in October 1858 that "we have been greatly excited by the arrival of...overland mails in less than 24 days. Steamships are at a discount, and public attention has been greatly directed towards staging. It will...advance the interest of the Tehuantepec Company, for we will never be contented with the Panama route again..." Five years later, Denver's brother Arthur writes that California is going wild and "Everybody is leaving for Reese River...It is said that the Reese River Mines completely eclipse those of Washoe. The ore...pays over a dollar a pound...the emigration across the plains this year is very heavy."The first government overland mail from Salt Lake City to California was established by George W. Chorpenning, who in 1869 sends two ALS to Denver from Pennsylvania, soliciting his help in getting congress to help recover his losses in operating the service. A very interesting 1877 letter from Arthur Denver concerns the case of Eugene Allen, who wants to get a relief bill before congress for wagons and cattle sold to General Easton but not paid for by express company Russell, Majors, and Waddell. Arthur wants to take the case, but in a later letter seems confused by the details. (imagea) (Image) Est. $1,500-2,000

SOLD for $3,250.00
Will close during Public Auction
487   [Samuel L Clemens (Mark Twain), Mining Stock Certificate] Scarce early Document Signed Sam. L. Clemens on verso, transfer of 10 shares of the Fresno Mining Company. On the
certificate for the same, No. 6, May 19, 1863, signed by H.D. Bequette,[Samuel L Clemens (Mark Twain), Mining Stock Certificate] Scarce early Document Signed "Sam. L. Clemens" on verso, transfer of 10 shares of the Fresno Mining Company. On the certificate for the same, No. 6, May 19, 1863, signed by H.D. Bequette, secretary, and B.F. Hawley, president, "Esmerelda Mining district / Aurora, Mono Co., Cal." With 25-cent revenue stamp at left, cancelled by Bequette. Vignette of two Indians and tepee at center, dog's head facing left at bottom. Clemens' transfer otherwise unaccomplished.Clemens, Samuel L. - American author, lecturer, and journalist, typically writing under the pen name Mark Twain (1835-1910); perhaps the most beloved American author, for his many humorous tales and his novels. One odd feature of this certificate is that it is from Aurora, California. After a survey in 1863, it was decided that the town, then called Esmeralda, was actually in Nevada. The great majority of Clemens autographs come from the years after he achieved national fame in 1865. (imagea) (Image) Est. $2,000-3,000

SOLD for $42,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
488   [Early California, Balance lot] of letters (9), documents, and books concerning the early days of California, 1847-71. The first, from February 10, is an order from Commander of the District of California, Joseph B. Hull to John Burton, mayor of Pueblo de San Jose, to "take the affidavits of the people of California who have complaints against Capt. CM Weber" Captain Weber, more interested in land speculation than in the military, would help found the future city of Stockton. The other letters contain choice content on gold claims, gambling, drinking, disease, and a trip to "The Yeo Semite". Documents include exchanges on Page & Bacon, the city's main bank, which would fail when the gold boom collapsed. Includes the Books: Trial of David S. Terry by the Vigilance Committee of San Francisco. Charles L. Case. SF, R.C. Moore, 1856. 8vo, original paper wraps, 75pp. Set (not bound) in green boards, slipcase, with paper label on spine. Case scuffed and rubbed, though book itself is choice. The History of Oregon and California. Robert Greenhow. Boston, Little and Brown, 1844. First edition. 8vo, ¼ leather with marbled boards and gilt spine. Fold-out map at front. Half title (1845) and title (1860). Risvold label on pastedown. Front cover detached but present, tear in map repaired with archival tape, interior tight and clean. Est. $750-1,000

SOLD for $3,500.00
Will close during Public Auction
489   [California Letter Sheets, Baird] The major reference book: California's Pictorial Letter Sheets, 1849-1869. JQ Baird. San Francisco, David Magee, 1967. One of 475. Folio, original half morocco with printed boards, clear plastic jacket with some chipping. Est. $150-200

SOLD for $190.00
Will close during Public Auction
490 c   Assassination of James King of William, Surrender of Jas. P. Cassey and Charles Cora, Execution of James P. Casey and Charles Cora, (Baird 4) fantastic Vigilance Committee of
San Francisco four part allover front and back illustrated lettersheetAssassination of James King of William, Surrender of Jas. P. Cassey and Charles Cora, Execution of James P. Casey and Charles Cora, (Baird #4) fantastic Vigilance Committee of San Francisco four part allover front and back illustrated lettersheet used to Cherokee Flat with horizontal pair 1c Blue, Ty. IV (#9, small crease), huge margins to just touching, tied by grid cancels, some staining, otherwise fine and striking (Baird #4). (imagea) (Image) Est. $2,000-3,000

SOLD for $3,750.00
Will close during Public Auction
491   Crossing the Plains, (Baird 47) Barber & Baker, 1853. S.W. Bush writes from Placerville, CA, 11281854: I am in the land of gold...I saw two men hung the third of this month...
three known some toning in spots.Crossing the Plains, (Baird #47) Barber & Baker, 1853. S.W. Bush writes from Placerville, CA, 11/28/1854: "I am in the land of gold...I saw two men hung the third of this month..." three known; some toning in spots. (Image) Est. $1,500-2,000

SOLD for $2,900.00
Will close during Public Auction
492   The First Trial & Execution in S. Francisco on the Night of 10th of June... (Baird 79) Justh Quirot & Co. after the nature by W.C.K., (before 6121851). About twenty others
known on this paper. Text reads John Jenkins, a Sidney man, entereThe First Trial & Execution in S. Francisco on the Night of 10th of June... (Baird #79) Justh Quirot & Co. "after the nature by W.C.K.", (before 6/12/1851). About twenty others known on this paper. Text reads "John Jenkins, a Sidney man, entered the store of Mr. Vonlong Wharf, in the evening of 10th of June [1851] & carried off a sale. After he was captured he was brought to the corner of Sansome & bush Sts. where he was tried by a jury of the highest respectability and condemned to be hung. The execution took place on the Plaza on the same night..." Some toning, mostly in margins, minor edge wear.James O'Grady writes his friend George from San Francisco, 6/30/1851: "I send you a very graphic picture of an execution by the People on the body of a Sidney man...Was taken and tried by a peoples jury was condemned and hung - as represented...We are slowly recovering from those calamities of the 4th May & 22 inst." The calamities in question were two great fires that destroyed much of the city, which had been built primarily of wood. Jenkins's hanging was the work of the first Vigilance Committee. (Image) Est. $2,000-3,000

SOLD for $2,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
493 c   Pilot Creek Canal, Georgetown, El Dorado County, (Baird 87) attractive illustrated lettersheet with Sacremento, July 30th 1854 dateline on the letter, also includes cover with
bold red Sacremento, Cal.Mar 31 datestamp and matching 40 ratePilot Creek Canal, Georgetown, El Dorado County, (Baird #87) attractive illustrated lettersheet with "Sacremento, July 30th 1854" dateline on the letter, also includes cover with bold red "Sacremento, Cal./Mar 31" datestamp and matching "40" rate to Albany, N.Y., both extremely fine. (imagea) (Image) Est. $1,500-2,000

SOLD for $2,800.00
Will close during Public Auction
494   The Grand Plaza, San Francisco, (Baird 92) Moody, B.F. Butlers Lith., Atwill & Co., Publishers, 1850. Three others known in this color and paper combination. Tipped to a sheet
of light gray paper. Integral leaf removed. Pieces out at top and boThe Grand Plaza, San Francisco, (Baird #92) Moody, B.F. Butler's Lith., Atwill & Co., Publishers, 1850. Three others known in this color and paper combination. Tipped to a sheet of light gray paper. Integral leaf removed. Pieces out at top and bottom edges not affecting image or printed text, small interior and edge splitting, toning, especially at folds. Letter written partly on illustrated side, from San Francisco, 1/13/1851. (Image) Est. $500-750

SOLD for $475.00
Will close during Public Auction
495 c   How the California Mines are Worked, (Baird 104) mining scene illustrated lettersheet published at the Wide West Office, San Francisco with letter datelined American Flat Jany
4th 1855 addressed to Ohio but without postal markings, plus MininHow the California Mines are Worked, (Baird #104) mining scene illustrated lettersheet published at the Wide West Office, San Francisco with letter datelined "American Flat Jany 4th 1855" addressed to Ohio but without postal markings, plus "Mining Scene" illustrated cover published by J.M. Hutchings to the same address with manuscript "Spanish Flat/Cal Jan 13" postmark and "Paid 6c", cover with light stain mostly on reverse, otherwise very fine. (Image) Est. $2,000-3,000

SOLD for $4,250.00
Will close during Public Auction
496   Hutchings California Scenes - The California Indians, (Baird 105) James M. Hutchings, 1854, Sun Print, with separate publishers noted in the various blocks illustrated. Twelve
known. Some soiling at folds, but an especially sharp and dark impreHutching's California Scenes - The California Indians, (Baird #105) James M. Hutchings, 1854, Sun Print, with separate publishers noted in the various blocks illustrated. Twelve known. Some soiling at folds, but an especially sharp and dark impression. James E. Whitens writes his cousin from Rabbit Creek, 11/26/1854: "One day your prospect is fare another and is is [sic] Blasted and the only way I find is to keep at work and keep paying out as fast as can earn." (Image) Est. $1,000-1,500

SOLD for $2,000.00
Will close during Public Auction
497   Hutchings Panoramic Scenes - Northern California, (Baird 110) James M. Hutchings, 1855, with separate publisher identifications in vignette blocks. Published by A. Roman,
bookseller, Shasta & Yreka. Two others known on this (blue laid) paper tHutching's Panoramic Scenes - Northern California, (Baird #110) James M. Hutchings, 1855, with separate publisher identifications in vignette blocks. Published by A. Roman, bookseller, Shasta & Yreka. Two others known on this (blue laid) paper; the present sheet is earlier than either based on date of letter. Minor soiling and toning at folds. A sharp, dark impression.Samuel B. Franz writes to his sister: "Times in the mines is tolerable dul at present, but very little watter to work with." (Image) Est. $1,000-1,500

SOLD for $2,900.00
Will close during Public Auction
498   View of J Street, Sacramento, on New-Year Day, 1853, (Baird 117) illustrated letter sheet From a Daguerreotype by R.H. Vance. Published at the Union Office, showing men and
women in rowboats, some pulled by animals, in the flooded street., wView of J Street, Sacramento, on New-Year Day, 1853, (Baird #117) illustrated letter sheet "From a Daguerreotype by R.H. Vance." "Published at the Union Office," showing men and women in rowboats, some pulled by animals, in the flooded street., writer had penned in clouds "A beautiful scene. The water could be seen for 60 miles / People all went into the garrets to live / They came right into the 'Bar room' with boats / took a cigar and rowed out again." Near the street's vanishing point he adds, "We live up / this way." Splits at folds, toning, with file holes at right edge, fine. (Image) Est. $1,500-2,000

SOLD for $3,750.00
Will close during Public Auction
499   Miners at work with Long Toms, (Baird 159) Justh & Quirot, Lithographers, Published & Sold by Cooke & Lecount Booksellers & Stationers, no year given and letter date
incomplete. One known of this design and on this paper. Several variants exisMiners at work with Long Toms, (Baird #159) Justh & Quirot, Lithographers, "Published & Sold by Cooke & Lecount Booksellers & Stationers," no year given and letter date incomplete. One known of this design and on this paper. Several variants exist, but this version has full publishing credits printed. Probably the second state, as the one believed to be first (before 8/26/1851) has "Cook" instead of the correct "Cooke," though the lack of a full date on this example prevents certainty. Wear and soiling at folds.An unnamed writer to his wife, no year: "I should like to see the dear children again. Have they forgotten me? I think of meeting you again and feel happy in the thoughts, but I think also of how I should return, as an independant man...Dearest wife keep up your courage...We shall be happy yet." (Image) Est. $1,500-2,000

SOLD for $2,200.00
Will close during Public Auction
500   Miners Life - Illustrated, (Baird 165) Barber & Baker, no date (before 12231854). No. 165 in Baird. One other known (in addition to the one following). Ornate border slightly
cut off at top right, some toning. Otherwise a very sharp impressioMiner's Life - Illustrated, (Baird #165) Barber & Baker, no date (before 12/23/1854). No. 165 in Baird. One other known (in addition to the one following). Ornate border slightly cut off at top right, some toning. Otherwise a very sharp impression. "S.S.L." writes his parents from Nevada [City], CA, 2/4/1855: "I left Santa Clara with the expectation of finding times more favorable. Miners are not doing but very little owing to the scarcity of water. I with some others have jumped a piece of ground on Big Deer creek, which was claimed by some Dutchmen...I shall go to work as soon as we can fix our sluice boxes. They are sinking shafts to the depth of 250 feet...Today is Sunday...On one side you can hear the voice of the preacher...on the other you hear music and Gamblers crying...Write where are the girls are for they are rather a scarce article out here!" (Image) Est. $1,000-1,500

SOLD for $2,700.00
Will close during Public Auction

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